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Online Publications 1

This item includes online news publications written in 1998.

It includes:

  • The Associated Press (Jakarta): “East Timor’s spiritual leader has rejected an offer to meet with Indonesian President B.J. Habibie, citing differences over government policy in the former Portuguese Colony.” (26.12.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Reuters (Lisbon): “Jailed Timorese guerrilla leader Xanana Gusmao was wuoted as saying on Wednesday that East Timor was not ready for independence and needed a 10-year transition period before achieving self-determination.” (16.12.1998)
  • Reuters (Sydney): “Nobel peace laureate Jose Ramos Horta says former Indonesian President Suharto should be arrested for crimes against humanity, just as former Chilean President Augusto Pinochet had been arrested in London.” (15.12.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Reuters (Dili): “Timor bishop calls for cut in Indonesian military” by Tommy Ardiansyah (15.10.1998) | 3 pp.
  • The Washington Post: “NSC gave warnings about Asian Donors” (15.02.1998) | 6 pp.
  • Insight (Jakarta): “Indonesian military ends hunt for East Timorese rebels” (21.11.1998)
  • Reuters (Canberra): “The governor of East Timor at the time of the 1991 Dili massacre says there were dozens more people executed and buried in the month after the Santa Cruz cemetery killings,” (18.11.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Reuters (Sydney): “Human rights groupe Amnesty International called on Indonesian President B.J. Habibie on Wednesday to ‘break the cycle of violence’ now gripping Jakarta and other parts of Indonesia.” (18.11.1998) | 2 pp.
  • The Associated Press (London): “Brits Order Pinochet Court Presence” by Maureen Johnson (18.11.1998) | 2 pp.
  • The Associated Press (Lisbon): “The attorney general’s office said Tuesday that it is examining a Portuguese lawmaker’s request to seek the extradition of former President Suharto” (17.11.1998)
  • The Associated Press (Jakarta): “Indonesian Students Protest Again” by Christopher Torchia (19.11.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Reuters (Jakarta): “Lisbon’s mayor Joao Soares met Timorese rebel leader Xanana Gusmao in a Jakarta jail on Thursday and said he had pressed the Indonesian government for his unconditional release.” (19.11.1998)
  • The Associated Press (Jakarta): “Indonesian Lawmakers on Friday chided a Portuguese effort to extradite former President Suharto, describing the proposal as impossible and unreasonable.” (20.11.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Reuters: “Nobel concert prize is going to Fox Family.” (20.11.1998) | 3 pp.
  • The Associated Press (Lisbon): “Portugal and Indonesia are mulling a new proposal to settle their dispute over East Timor and talks between the two are at a crucial stage” (11.10.1998)
  • Reuters (Johannesburg): "S.Africa truth probe to highlight ANC crimes” by Alister Bull (26.11.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Agence France-Presse (East Timor): “East Timorese to observe Dili massacre with prayers” (10.11.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Agence France-Presse: “What Belo has just missed” (12.11.1998) | 3 pp.
  • The Associated Press (Jakarta): “Indonesia Chief stands by Army Boss” by Christopher Torchia (15.11.1998) | 2 pp.
  • The Associated Press (Jakarta): “Indonesia questions dissidents” by Christopher Torchia (16.11.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Reuters (Jakarta): “Pertamina signs oil deals for $3.4-bln investments” (16.11.1998)
  • Reuters (Denver): “Tutu calls for Central American debt relief” by Judith Crosson (14.11.1998) | 2 pp.
  • The Associated Press (Oslo): “No Hints from Nobel Peace Committee” by Doug Mellgren (15.10.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Reuters (Oslo): “Nobel peace committee calms N. Irish win rumours” by Alister Doyle (09.10.1998) | 2 pp.
  • The Associated Press (Stockholm): “Not that there’s ever a bad time to get a Nobel Prize, but this year isn’t the greatest- at least in terms of money.” (09.10.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Reuters (Madrid): “Nobel winner Saramago criticizes Vatican” by Isabel Garcia-Zarza (09.10.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Reuters (Lisbon): “Nobel prize win banishes Portugal crisis” by Richard Waddington (09.10.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Reuters (Mexico City): “Interview- Mexico’s Fuentes hails Saramago Nobel prize” (08.10.1998) | 2 pp.
  • The Associated Press (Lisbon): “After years of waiting, Portugal went into a fit of self-congratulation Thursday when writer Jose Saramago was awarded the 1998 Nobel Literature Prize.” (08.10.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Reuters (Lisbon): “Nobel Literature laureate Saramago found fame late” by Richard Waddington (08.10.1998) | 3 pp.
  • Reuters (Lisbon): “East Timor leader says Suharto’s days are numbered” by Richard Waddington (14.05.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Kyodo (Dili): “Roman Catholic Bishop Carlos Felipe Ximenes Bel said Sunday he intends to accept Indonesian President B.J. Habibie’s proposal of granting 'special status’ to East Timor like that given to provinces of Yogyakarta, Aceh and Jakarta” (14.06.1998) | 2 pp.
  • “Clinton Rights Message Undermined” by Sid Balman Jr. (16.11.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Reuters (Dili): “Timor students suspend anti-Indonesia demos” by Lewa Pardomuan (15.06.1998) | 3 pp.
  • The Associated Press (Jakarta): “Indonesia Leader Predicts Recovery” by Geoff Spencer (13.06.1998) | 3 pp.
  • Reuters (Dili): “On Sundays, East Timorese forget politics” by Lewa Pardomuan (14.06.1998) | 3 pp.
  • Reuters (Lisbon): “French President Jacques Chirac has written to new Indonesian President Jusuf Habibie to press for the release of East Timorese Political Prisoners” (09.06.1998)
  • Reuters (Jakarta): “South African Foreign Minister Alfred Nzo on Tuesday met with jailed East Timorese rebel leader Xanana Gusmao, who is serving a 20-year sentence in Jakarta prison” (14.04.1998) | 2 pp.
  • The Associated Press (Dili): “At least 11 separatist rebels were killed by Indonesian troops in recent days following a series of clashes in the disputed territory of East Timor.” (22.11.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Reuters (Dili): “Hundreds of East Timorese stormed the airport in the capital Dili on Sunday and occupied the runway for about an hour, forcing U.N. Special envoy Jamsheed Marker to change his travel plans.” (20.12.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Agence France Presse (Jakarta): “A Nobel peace laureate in East Timor has urged the Indonesian military not to conceal troop movements in and out of the troubled territory” (21.09.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Agence France Presse (Jakarta): “East Timor can use Indonesia’s offer of autonomy to the former Portuguese colony to create a ‘climate of tolerance’ to prepare for self-determination” (20.09.1998) | 3 pp.
  • The Associated Press (Dili): “About 15, 000 East Timorese staged a second consecutive day of protest today and demanded the provincial governor quit over a threat to fire government employees who support an independence referendum for the troubled territory.” (12.10.1998) | 2 pp.
  • Reuters (Dili): “Timor bishop calls for cut in Indonesian military” by Tommy Ardiansyah (15.10.1998) | 3 pp.
  • Agence France Presse (Dili): “ Roman Catholic Bishop Basilio de Nascimento of the Baucau diocese in East Timor Wednesday called for political topics to be included for the first time in UN-sponsored intra-Timorese talks.” (28.10.1998) | 2 pp.

The Humanitarian Project

Online Publications 2

Online publications that were published in 1999.

The first page of the item has a list of every item included in the attachment.

The Humanitarian Project

Ottawa demo 1995

Demonstrators carry crosses with names of those killed at Santa Cruz massacre, Ottawa, 1995.

East Timor Alert Network

Paramilitary Violence in East Timor

Paramilitary Violence in East Timor.

  • Testimony from a briefing by the House Human Rights and Progressive Caucuses and a hearing of the Subcommittee on International Operations and Human Rights of the International Committee

Includes testimonies by:

  • Francisco de Jesus da Costa, massacre survivor
  • Vicente Soares Faria, East Timorese Intellectual Forum
  • Manuel Dos Mártires
  • Aryati, Indonesian human rights activist
  • Arnold Kohen, The Humanitarian Project

The Humanitarian Project

Parte 1. 03 (14)

This PDF document contains articles, emails, and other sources pertaining to topics about the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize, Ramos-Horta and Bishop Belo, and Brazil’s relationship with East Timor.

  1. "Parlamentares decidem intensificar luta por Timor-Leste" June 14, 1995
    Parliamentarians and representatives of about 40 countries have decided to renew efforts to help the fight for liberating East Timor. The Brazilian delegation at a conference in Lisbon included Aldo Arantes, Aldo Lins and Silva, Antônio Funari Filho, as well as others. During the conference, the “Declaration of Lisbon,” which proposes political and commercial sanctions on Indonesia, was drafted. Participants of the conference also criticized the United States, who was not present at the conference.
    “ 'Declaração de Lisboa' condena agressão da Indonésia"
    This article recites the Declaration of Lisbon, taking quotes that condemn the Indonesian invasion of East Timor. The participants of the conference are asking Indonesia to fulfill various requests and resolutions set out by the United Nations and the international community that would lessen the East Timorese struggle.
    "Conferencia pede libertação de presos políticos"
    One of the main topics discussed during the conference was the liberation of Xanana Gusmão and other political prisoners. The Brazilian delegation that participated in the Lisbon conference will be proposing to the Brazilian National Congress that Bishop Belo may visit Brazil.

  2. "Mundo: O Timor Leste precisa de ajuda", August 30, 1995
    This news article states that the ambassador of the Timor resistance in Angola, Roque Rodrigues, traveled to Brazil in order to participate in meetings and interviews, and also to expand his network of people that would stand in solidarity with East Timor. An interview with Roque Rodrigues provides the following information: a brief history of the Indonesian invasion of East Timor; highlights of the genocide taking place; the cultural destruction occurring; what the Brazilian population can do to help; facts about the Santa Cruz massacre; who Xanana Gusmão is; the connection between the resistance and the Catholic Church.
    "A voz de Xanana Gusmão"
    A written declaration by Xanana Gusmão in prison in Jakarta on May 20, 1995, was published in this newspaper, where he provides words to inspire readers to remember that better days are approaching and to keep resisting oppression in East Timor.

  3. "Grupo se organiza para defender Timor Leste", December 13, 1995
    Coordinated by frei João Xerri, forty people met on Saturday the 9th (believed to be on the month of December, year 1995), to commemorate the resistance of East Timor. In attendance was Nanci Almeida and Vera Camerotti, as well as representatives of religious organizations, the Brazilian worker’s party, and others. This article also criticizes Fernando Henrique Cardoso’s government (in Brazil), stating that his government prefers to not acknowledge the issue in East Timor in fear that there will be harm done to their trade with Indonesia if they announce that they support East Timor.

  4. "Meet Us at Ten Tonight", July 1996
    Paul Raffaele, a writer for Reader’s Digest, traveled to East Timor to conduct an interview with Bishop Carlos Belo. A quick summary of his trip is disclosed, before it is mentioned that the article continues in a separate page of the newspaper. | 2 pages.

  5. "Hero for a Forgotten People", July 1996
    The narration of Paul Raffaele’s trip to East Timor continues in this article. A brief biography of Bishop Belo is disclosed, highlighting his Catholic roots and the events of his life parallel to events happening in East Timor. The events told in his perspective include the Santa Cruz massacre. | 6 pages.

  6. Mons. Belo, vescovo salesiano di Dili (Timor) Translation: Msgr. Belo Salesian Bishop of Dili | 11 October 1996, Published in Agenczia Internazionale Salesiana di Informazione.

  7. Nobel per la pace: chi é il vescovo Belo Translation : Nobel Peace Prize : Who is Bishop Belo? | 11 October 1996, Published in Agenczia Internazionale Salesiana di Informazione.

  8. La pace del Nobel arriva a Timor. Translation : Nobel Peace comes to Timor | 11 October 1996, Published in Agenczia Internazionale Salesiana di Informazione

  9. A letter from Carlos Garulo, Central delefate for social communication. | 11 October 1996, published in Agenczia Internazionale Salesiana di Informazione | 3 pages

  10. Salesiani: Mediazioni tenaci per la pace Translation: Selesians: Tenacious mediations for peace | 11 October 1996, published by Agenczia Internazionale Salesiana di Informazione

  11. Timor Est, una isola lontana da oggi più vicina Translation: East Timor, a distant island from today is closer | 11 October 1996, published by Agenczia Internazionale Salesiana di Informazione

  12. il Resegone (Italian Newspaper) Article entitled, « Una suora lecchese al fianco del Nobel » Translation : A nun from Lecco alongside the Nobel Prize | 18 October 1996, three pages

  13. Historic Dili Meeting: Soeharto and the bishop
    By: Louise Williams and Helen Pitt, October 16, 1996
    This document summarizes a meeting between Bishop Belo and President Suharto, where the inauguration of a statue of Christ took place outside of Dili. There have been various reactions to this inauguration. During this meeting, Suharto failed to congratulate Bishop Belo on winning a Nobel Peace Prize. | 2 pages

  14. Indonesia Fickle On Nobel Wins
    By: Robert H. Reid, October 25, 1996
    Indonesia supports Bishop Belo in his reconciliation efforts, but condemn Ramos-Horta’s actions as a resistance leader. | 2 pages

  15. Statement on Jose Ramos Horta
    By: João Carrascalão, October 28, 1996
    The Timorese Democratic Union (UDT) defend Ramos-Horta against the Indonesian government and media’s backlash campaign that began after the announcement that he won the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize. UDT retells actions Ramos-Horta took to aid the Timorese population, and how he played a major part in creating an alliance between the UDT and the FRETILIN, which led to the signing of the National Convergence in 1986. | 3 pages.

  16. A flyer with the photograph of Bishop Belo in 1996
    Created by Caritas in Norway, 24 November 1996
    Half of the document is in Norwegian

  17. “Prisvinner forrettet for fred” Translation: Peace price winner prays for Peace
    Published in a Norwegian newspaper on December 9th, 1996 | The article is in Norwegian

  18. The Nobel Peace Prize for 1996
    The Norwegian Nobel Committee declares that Ramos-Horta and Bishop Belo are the recipients of the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize. The committee also provides information on what they have done to propel the East Timor cause and to earn this prize.
    The Conflict in East Timor
    A brief description of the invasion, genocide, and human rights violations that have been taking place in East Timor are disclosed. It is highlighted that due to the Church’s firm stance on the necessity of human rights and peace, the number of Catholics in East Timor have grown since the occupation. | 4 pages

  19. "East Timor: Fr. Belo meets Pope"
    By: Cindy Wooden
    It is stated that Pope John Paul II met with Bishop Belo after winning the Nobel Peace Prize. Bishop Belo speaks about the Indonesian effort to improve economic development in East Timor, criticizing their approach on promoting material development rather than other developmental aspects.
    "The US – Indonesia Alliance Against East Timor"
    By: Matthew Jardine, January 14, 1997
    David Alex, a leader of FALINTIL, is interviewed by Matthew Jardine, and American researcher and writer on human rights and international affairs. David Alex reveals information about FALINTIL, such as their numbers, their routine, and their struggles against the Indonesian soldiers. They also discuss America’s role in aiding the Indonesian military financially and through the provision of weapons. | 5 pages

  20. "The two faces of Norway"
    From: George J. Aditjondro, various dates in January 1997
    This article discusses the recognition East Timor received from Oslo as a result of the Nobel Peace Prize celebrations. It also discusses the factors that have molded Norway’s reputation as a peace-making nation. However, the intentions of Statoil, Norway’s state-owned oil company, to explore the Timor Sea for oil and gas, have led individuals and organizations in both Portugal and Norway to believe that Norway’s peace-making reputation is controversial. Other information regarding Norwegian oil companies partnering with Australian companies are disclosed, further proving that Norway’s reputation is disputable. | 8 pages

  21. Painel do Leitor, May 15th, 1998
    This newspaper contains articles covering diverse topics, with one of them being about Indonesia’s struggle. The article briefly mentions Suharto’s rule and the repercussions that young Timorese and Indonesians have had to face when going against the dictatorship

  22. A column from a Spanish Newspaper entitled, “Indonésia e Timor” May 17, 1998

  23. An opinion column from a Spanish Newspaper entitled, “Indonésia” May 15th, 1998

Clamor por Timor

Parte 1, 04 (14)

This PDF document contains textual sources and images pertaining to topics about Habibie’s government, the liberation of Xanana Gusmão, negotiations between Portugal and Indonesia pertaining to East Timor’s independence, the Conselho Nacional de Resistencia Timorense, the unification of Portuguese-speaking countries, and Brazil’s stance on the issue in East Timor.

  1. “Timor Leste”, February 15, 1998
    By: Hamilton Lafont
    The article informs reader on East Timor’s colonial history. The reasons for Indonesia’s invasion of East Timor are also discussed, with the reasons being that East Timor is near Australia and because of the potential presence of oil and mineral resources.

  2. “Timor Leste”, February 21, 1998
    By: Manoel Lourenço Neto
    The author, Manoel Lourenço Neto, criticizes and analyzes the article written by Hamilton Lafont. Neto states that several facts and pieces of information that Lafont used, such as the size of East Timor and the colonial history, were incorrect.
    “Timor Leste”, February 7, 1998
    By: Jorge Eduardo Moraes Silva
    The article discusses the genocide in East Timor, highlighting a study made by the Catholic Church which said that the massacre in East Timor passes the brutality seen in World War II. Finally, the article urges Brazil to protest the genocide through boycotting Indonesian products

  3. “Pela Liberdade do Timor Leste”, March 1998
    A mandate from an unknown party defended the East Timorese population’s right to liberty in front of the Legislative Assembly. The party participated in various receptions focused on East Timor, and supported the initiatives of Clamor por Timor. The party also organized Ramos-Horta’s visit to the Legislative Assembly.

  4. “Évora homenageia bispo timorense”, Folha turismo, June 29, 1998
    By: Dario Moreira de Castro Alves
    This news article in the Folha Turismo mentions that there was a ceremony held for Bishop Belo in the Sala de Atos at the University of Évora where was presented with an honorary doctorate. In attendance was José Aparecido de Oliveira, ambassador of Brazil in Lisbon from 1993 to 1995.
    “Indonésia deve retirar tropas”
    This small section in the Folha Turismo mentions the Indonesian invasion of East Timor, as well as informing readers that the Indonesian president, Jusuf Habibie, has decided to gradually remove some troops from East Timor. | 2 pages

  5. “Militares indonésios elaboraram plano para exterminar timorenses” Tribuna, February 2, 1998
    By: Lúcia Cassalto
    Abilio Osorio Soares, a governor for Suharto, has written a plan to win against the guerillas and the clandestine resistance in East Timor. The plan consists of arranging jobs for young adults; the distribution of young adults across Indonesia with no way back to East Timor; exterminating guerillas living in the forests and members of FRETILIN; the killing of anyone who is not in favor of integration with Indonesia.
    “O processo de ocupação em Timor Leste”
    The ideologies of UDT, FRETILIN, and APODETI are discussed, where the main objective of both UDT and FRETILIN is the independence of East Timor while APODETI supports the integration of Indonesia. The Indonesian invasion of East Timor is also analyzed and briefly discussed.

  6. “62 mortos, 14 desaparecidos”, April 16, 1999
    By: Joaquim T. de Negreiros
    The number of deaths (62) and the number of people who have disappeared (14) after the Liquiçá massacre is disclosed. The Portuguese government has solicited that there be an international investigation for this massacre. The militia who are pro-integration are manifesting more frequently, resulting in increased violent acts. The militias are targeting civil servants who are in favor of East Timor’s independence, as well as leaders of pro-independence groups and family of Timorese immigrants who are in favor of independence.

  7. “Politica para Timor Leste deve mudar”, Folha de S.Paulo, May 26, 1998
    By: Marcio Aith
    This news article discusses the Indonesian government’s decision to release a set amount of political prisoners. The release of Xanana Gusmão is being discussed, but it has not been confirmed. Jusuf Habibie’s government will also be reviewing their policies regarding East Timor, however the exact details pertaining to the changing of policies is not mentioned. | 2 pages

  8. “Estudantes protestam em Timor Leste”, June 18, 1998
    Thousands of Timorese students protested in front of the government building against the murder of one of their fellow peers, Hernán das Dores Soares, by an Indonesian soldier. They urge that human rights investigators from the United Nations come to East Timor. Additionally, in Jakarta, Timorese students gather in front of the Ministry of Justice building to push for a referendum in East Timor and for all political prisoners to be released from prison. They managed to give a written note with the requests to somebody who works for the ministry before dispersing.

  9. “Indonésia pode dar status especial ao Timor”, June 10, 1998
    President Habibie has stated that he has agreed to grant amnesty to ten Timorese political prisoners, not including Xanana Gusmão. It is stated that Gusmão would only be released once the United Nations and Portugal have recognized East Timor as a part of Indonesia. Habibie has also declared that he was ready to offer East Timor a “special status.” Despite this offer being one of Indonesia’s first attempts of reconciliation, Ramos-Horta has said that this status is not the proposition that pro-independence groups are looking for, and that he rejects the offer. | 2 pages

  10. “Indonésia deve tirar tropas de Timor Leste”, June 25, 1998
    Indonesia will begin to remove troops from East Timor and will begin to grant more liberty to its population. A discussion about allowing there to be a Timorese vote to decide if East Timor would become independent was made during a meeting between Bishop Belo and Jusuf Habibie.

  11. “Soldados indonésios matam manifestante em Timor Leste” Folha São Paulo, June 30, 1998
    By: Marcio Aith
    One dead, named Orlando Marcelino da Costa, and five injured after Indonesian soldiers opened fire on a group protesting for independence. The shooting happened moments after the arrival of European ambassadors in Baucau.

  12. “Indonésia retira 400 soldados de Timor”, July 29, 1998
    By: Stephen Vines
    Indonesia has removed 400 soldiers from East Timor, including two companies of the Special Forces Command. However, it was promised to the East Timor population that 1000 soldiers would leave, not 400 soldiers. The article discusses the good and bad aspects of the Indonesian occupation of East Timor.
    “Sem Jacarta, região terá desafio econômico”
    This section of the newspaper discusses the limited economic development that occurred during the Portuguese colonization of East Timor. Meanwhile, during the Indonesian occupation, the Indonesians have contributed to physical development but did not pay attention to human rights development. Once Indonesia leaves East Timor, the Timorese will be responsible to sustain themselves economically. Various crops and natural resources will be depended on for their profit, and external help will be needed to sustain the economy. | 2 pages.

  13. “Entrevista com Hodu Ran Kadalak”, O Português Na Australia, September 16, 1998
    An interview with Hodu Ran Kadalak, who is a member of the FRETILIN Central Committee and who traveled to Sydney to participate in the National Conference of FRETILIN, was conducted and written in this news article. Kadalak states that the Timorese people are grateful for Suharto’s resignation. He also discusses the following topics: the reason for his visit in Sydney; the unification of all Timorese; the regime that will be implemented in East Timor once Indonesia has left; the pressure to achieve Xanana Gusmão’s liberation; the calm state in East Timor that is a result of the resignation of Suharto and the negotiations taking place; the characteristics of the Habibie government. Kadalak then goes on to state that the Australian population and the Australian government should provide a more concrete stance on the issue of East Timor.
    “Estrutura da resistência apresentada no território”, September 16, 1998
    Members of the Conselho Nacional da Resistencia Timorense (CNRT) were presented in Dili, which included names of members of the APODETI, FRETILIN, FALINTIL, UDT, and others. Xanana Gusmão, the president of the CNRT, made it known that the objective of this group is the political reconciliation of the Timorese people.
    “Ximenes Belo é um Santo! – afirmou o novo chefe de Estado da Indonésia”
    An interview with Habibie discusses Bishop Belo, granting East Timor independence, and other topics.
    “UDT em reunião geral “à porta aberta” em Dili”
    Around 200 people participated in a UDT meeting that would discuss national unification and how the future discussions of the Timorese population would come about. During the meeting, representatives of many groups and organizations were in attendance, as well as elected members of the Comissão Política do Conselho Nacional da Resistencia Timorense | 3 pages.

  14. “Indonésia admite sair de Timor Leste”
    The Jakarta government intends to grant East Timor local political freedom. However, if this proposition is not accepted by the Timorese population, the Indonesian chancellor, Ali Alatas, proposes full independence but only after the general elections of June 7th are concluded. It is also made known that Xanana Gusmão will be transferred from prison to house arrest. Lastly, researchers believe that if East Timor achieves full independence, they will have a difficult time prospering economically.
    “Lá, como cá, fala-se português”
    By: Pasquale Cipro Neto
    Neto is stating that Brazilians should unify themselves with the community of Portuguese-speaking countries.

  15. “Militares aprovam independência de Timor”, January 29, 1999
    The commandant of the Indonesian army, general Wiranto, stated that the military would abide by the Indonesian government’s decision to grant East Timor’s independence if they decide to

  16. “Líder timorense pede luta armada”
    Gusmão orders that guerrillas who are pro-independence take up arms against those that are in favor of merging with Indonesia. A delegation of the United Nations visited East Timor in March to determine the possibility of a referendum. The Indonesian government has made it known that even if the Timorese population rejects the idea of autonomy, the Indonesian government would still be willing to grant them independence.

  17. “Rebelde quer tropa da ONU em Timor Leste”, April 7, 1999
    Gusmão asks that reinforcements from the United Nations be brought to East Timor to manage the rise in violence. Indonesian troops have killed 40 civilians in a Church, and the militia killed 17 people in Liquiçá a few days back.

  18. “Brinde na Paulista, à queda de um ditador”, May 30, 1998
    A group of activists in São Paulo celebrated the resignation of Suharto.

  19. “Campanha pela internet pede a libertação de Timor Leste” May 11, 1998
    By: Jomeri Pontes
    This news article discusses the campaign for East Timor independence that is circulating online, as well as highlighting other online sources that would inform the public on what is happening in East Timor. Most of the article describes the human rights violations and other atrocities that have been committed by Indonesia. To aid in East Timor’s liberation, the article recommends boycotting products made in Indonesia.

  20. “Atos públicos pedem liberdade para o Timor Leste”, October 1998
    Protests are held in Brazil for the liberation of Gusmão and to cease the human rights violations in East Timor. The magnitude of the genocide in East Timor is highlighted through a chart displaying the number of human lives lost due to war, with East Timor coming out on top. It is discussed that East Timor is connected to the community of Portuguese-speaking countries. Lastly, with the Habibie administration in place, negotiations towards East Timor’s independence are more probable, therefore Kofi Annan, General Secretary of the United Nations, has been setting up meetings between Portugal and Indonesia to discuss the future of East Timor

  21. Poem by Xanana Gusmão
    Date: November, 20, 1992
    In this poem, Gusmão expresses the qualities seen in the Timorese people that empower their fight.

  22. “FHC se diz solidário as vitimas de Timor” Folha de São Paulo, June 29, 1998
    President Fernando Henrique Cardoso declared that he stands in solidarity with the Timorese population. José Aparecido de Oliveira is mentioned in the article, with his humanistic qualities being highlighted.
    “Timor chora morte de jovem”
    Timorese students held a protest for a 21 year-old Timorese who was killed by an Indonesian soldier. He was later buried in the Santa Cruz cemetery. The Indonesian soldier, Sergeant Slamet, would be tried and if found guilty would get a sentence of 15 years in prison.
    “Renúncia de Suharto beneficia Timor Leste”
    After the resignation of Suharto, there has been more freedom to protest in East Timor. Meanwhile, in Jakarta, protestors demand for the annexation of East Timor.
    “Resultados”
    The text below the image of men wearing mainly white and facing a burning vehicle states that the resignation of Suharto was due to the manifestations of Timorese students. It also states that 500 people have died as a result of conflict with the police, but it does not mention when or for how long this conflict took place. | 2 pages

  23. “D. Ximenes Belo participa do mutirão de comunicação no Brasil”
    Belo attends the Mutirão Brasileiro de Comunicação in Belo Horizonte, that goes on from July 19 to 24. This event serves to reunite individuals who are striving to build societies that are just, equal, and participative.

  24. “Brasil defende autonomia para Timor Leste” Folha de São Paulo, August 23, 1998
    By: Renata Giraldi
    Brazil supports the discussions of autonomy for East Timor, as well as the liberation of political prisoners and the removal of Indonesian troops from East Timor. Ambassador Ivan Cannabrava traveled to Portugal and Indonesia to meet with individuals who are for and against East Timor’s autonomy, including Bishop Belo and Ramos-Horta as well as other individuals that come from different backgrounds. The small section to the left of the article displays information on the situation of East Timor, the genocide, pro-independence groups, and information on Portugal and Indonesia.

  25. “Embaixador brasileiro se reúne com líder de Timor”, August 27, 1998
    The Brazilian ambassador in Indonesia, Jadiel Ferreira Oliveira, has met with Xanana Gusmão. A Brazilian delegation should be visiting in the near future.

  26. “Timor Leste será tema em Portugal”, April 13, 1999
    Rising rates of violence jeopardize talks of a referendum as well as the entire negotiation process that Indonesia has undergone since the resignation of Suharto. Xanana Gusmão has called for the people to protest against these conflicts, and has accused the Indonesian government to have deliberately compromised the peaceful negotiations by promoting violence. Ramos-Horta and Bishop Belo have expressed their hopes that Brazil would convey their support of East Timor’s independence more firmly. Despite not having yet reached independence for East Timor, Gusmão has acquired a place for East Timor in the CPLP (English translation: community of Portuguese-speaking countries).

  27. “Crise indonésia leva separatistas a aliança”, Folha Mundo, May 1, 1998
    By: Otávio Dias
    Ramos-Horta has declared the creation of an organisation that would reunite all Timorese groups that are in favor of autonomy. Gusmão would become the president of the organisation, while Ramos-Horta and another unknown individual would be the vice-presidents. The article goes on by providing information on what the new organisation, called Conselho Nacional de Resistencia Timorense, exactly does; which groups form this new organisation; the strategy Ramos-Horta uses to further the East Timor cause; the implications and benefits of having guerrillas be part of the organisation; what the organisation’s plans are.
    “Portugal criou instabilidade”
    Indonesia blames Portugal for the political instability in East Timor. Indonesia believes that if they did not occupy East Timor, there would have been a civil war as a result of the unstable climate Portugal suddenly left behind.
    “Repressão cresce no país”
    By: Richard Lloyd Parry
    This article mentions the detainment of several Timorese students, with one student named Pius Lustrilanang describing the different torture methods he had to endure. Human rights groups believe that he and the other students were held by the BIA (intelligence organization of the government). | 2 pages

  28. “Ocidente ignora casos análogos a Kosovo” September 8th, 1998
    Despite the fact that the United Nations condemned Indonesia’s invasion of East Timor, Indonesia did not receive any repercussions from the UN or from Western countries. A chart included in the article portrays three countries (one of them being East Timor) that have gone through conflict while attempting to separate themselves from their colonizers.

  29. “Habibie liberta presos e confirma eleições”, May 26, 1998, Folha São Paulo
    By: Pepe Escobar
    Habibie’s government has reformed electoral laws, ceased the restrictions on the formation of political parties, changed the 1945 Constitution, promised elections would take place in the near future, and liberated two political prisoners. The rest of the article describes Indonesia’s deteriorating economy and how they plan to recuperate it. | 2 pages

  30. Jacarta concorda em fazer plebiscito em Timor Leste, March 12, 1999, Folha São Paulo
    The Indonesian and Portuguese government have agreed to have a referendum take place in East Timor. Still, Indonesia offers a plan of autonomy to East Timor in case they prefer it to independence. Furthermore, conflicts between Timorese who are for independence and those against have risen, with the pro-independence groups accusing Indonesia of arming those who are in favor of integration.

Clamor por Timor

Pictures Japan - Monju Mikio

This item contains 38 separates photographs with descriptions.

  1. A photograph of Mr. Ramos Horta in “Solidarity Meeting for Independent East Timor; We Denounce Conspiracy between Indonesia & Japan” (Feb. 1985). He is standing in front of a class in Japan. | includes a translation in Esperanto

  2. A photograph of Bishop Lopes, Ms. Mimi Fereira & Mr. Satsuki Eda in a rally in Oct. 1986 in Osaka. Mr. Eda: Founder of the Diet Members’ Forum on East Timor. | includes a translation in Esperanto

  3. A photograph of Bishop Martinho da Costa Lope (Osaka, Oct. 1986) speaks about E.T. and creates a great sensation among the citizens. Many solidarity groups were formed. | includes a translation in Esperanto.

  4. A photograph of Mr. Roque Rodrigues in a meeting titled, “Let’s talk about East Timor with Mr. R.Rodrigues” in Osaka, Oct. 1987. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  5. A photograph of Mr. Abilio Araujo together with Drs. Ana Gomes, them Portuguese Ambassador in Japan, in a conference in Tokyo, 1989. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  6. A photograph of Mr. Roque Rodrigues who is speaking in the Exhibition of Photos of Elaine Brier during a rally in Hakata, Japan. Aug. 1989. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  7. A photograph of Mr. Agio Pereira & Mr. James Dunn in a meeting in Tokyo and Osaka, 1990. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  8. A photograph of Mr. Donasiano Gomes in the demonstration to protest the Santa Cruz Massacre in Tokyo. Nov. 1991. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  9. A photograph of Mr. Shohachi Iwamura, Japanese soldier dispatched E.T. during WWII reports his participation in the gathering of the Australian Ex- Soldiers. Aug. 1993. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  10. A photograph of Mr. Mari Alkatiri with Fr. Jaime Coelho S.J. talks about E.T. before demonstrate towards Indonesian Consulate. Nov. 1993. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  11. A photograph of a Demonstration towards the Indonesian Embassy in Tokyo, Japan Nov. 1993. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  12. A photograph of Mr. Mari Alkatiri speaking town and interview in Tokyo, Japan. Nov. 1993 | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  13. A photograph of a Demonstration towards the Indonesian Consulate in Kobe, Japan Dec. 1993 | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  14. A photograph of a Demonstration in front of the Indonesian Consulate in Kobe, Japan. Dec. 1993 | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  15. A photograph of Bishop Soma, 1st President of APCET reports his trip to East Timor in Tokyo, Japan. 1994, | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  16. A photograph of Mr. Constancio Pinto appealing for support to the East Timorese asylum seekers in a meeting held in Tokyo. 1994. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  17. A photograph of Ms. Ligia Ximenes & Ms. Inosensia Neves speaking tour in Nagoya, Japan. 1994. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  18. A photograph of Mr. Aviano Faria & Mr. João (Osaka, 1994) visit Japan to give their testimony of the Santa Cruz Massacre and it’s 2nd massacre. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  19. A photograph of Mr. A. McNaughtan, Ms. Veronica Mais, Mr. Antonio Mais, Mr. Isilio da Silva in a conference on war compensation in Aug., 1995, Osaka, Japan. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  20. A photograph of Mr. Domingos Sarmento, Ms. Maria Albertine & Mr. Ramos Horta the conference held before the demonstration at the time of APEC. Nov. 1995 | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  21. A photograph of Mr. Jose Gusmão & Ms. Albertina in Demo, APEC. Osaka, Japan. Nov. 1995 | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  22. A photograph of a Demonstration at the time of APEC Meeting. Osaka, Japan. Nov. 1995 | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  23. A photograph of Mr. Jose Gusmão in a lecture in Kandsai Foreign Language Univ. in Osaka, Japan. Nov. 1995 | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  24. A photograph of Ms. Ceu Federer at a peace rally in Hiroshima, Japan on the 6th of August, on the anniversary of the Atomic Bombing in Hiroshima, 1996. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  25. A photograph of Mr. Jacinto dos Santos talks on the torture by Indonesian military in Osaka, Japan (1996) | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  26. A photograph of the Conference to Commemorate Nobel Peace Prize in Tokyo, Japan. Lecture & Interview by Ms. Yuki Kudo (January 1997) | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  27. A photograph of an Interview of Mr. Ramos Horta by “TV-News 23” (Tokyo, Jan., 1997) together with Mr. Kijima, famous for his support of E.T.. It was broadcasted all over Japan. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  28. A photograph of Mr. Ramos Horta who delivers a speech in front of a full audience after being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (January 1997) | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  29. A photograph of the APCET 3rd Conference in Bangkok (March 1998) Ms. Okazaki (Chairperson of the Diet Members’ Forum on East Timor) & Ms. Jean Inglis. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  30. A photograph of the East Timorese Participants of APCET 3rd Conference in Bangkok (March, 1998) | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  31. A photograph of Mr. Abe Barreto sings after giving talk on the East Timor issue in Nagoya-Japan. 1998. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  32. A photograph of Mr. Helmi Fauzi, Indonesian activist on East Timor - Lecture on Democratization in Indonesia and East Timor Issue in Osaka-Japan. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  33. A photograph of Mr. Fernando de Araujo who has been set free from the Cipinam Prison: Lecture on Democratization in Indonesia and East Timor Issue in Nagoya-Japan. 1998 | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  34. A photograph of Mr. João Carrascalão at the Symposium in Osaka Foreign Language University, Japan. December 1998. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  35. A photograph of Mr. Jose Manuel F. & Mr. Armindo Mais at the Symposium in Osaka Foreign Language University. Dec. 1998 | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  36. A photograph of Ms. Laura Abrantes in a meeting organized by Free East Timor! Japan Coalition. May 1999. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  37. A photograph of Ms. Mika Barreto in a peace gathering of university students in Osaka, Japan. May 1999. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

  38. A photograph of Ms. Domingas Alves speaks out about violence toward East Timorese Women in a meeting in Osaka, Japan. May 1999. | Includes a translation in Esperanto.

Timor Leste International Solidarity Exhibit

Santa Cruz Massacre

This item contains newspaper articles about Canada's decision to lift the sanctions off of Indonesia in 1992.

East Timor Alert Network

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