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Documents on East Timor from PeaceNet and connected computer networks 8, Jan. 5-24, 1992

OPEN UP EAST TIMOR (CALGARY HERALD) ....................................................................................................................................4
SANCTION INDONESIA (CALGARY HERALD)..........................................................................................................................................4
TIMOR GOVERNOR TAKES INDEPENDENT PATH (AWSJ)...................................................................................................................4
FORESTRY MANAGEMENT....................................................................................................................................................................5
SPEAK OPENLY..........................................................................................................................................................................................5
SHADOWS, EAST OF JAVA (AWSJ)..............................................................................................................................................................5
RESPONDING TO INDONESIA (EDMONTON JOURNAL).......................................................................................................................6
“PISS WEAK” AUSTRALIA SLAMMED OVER EAST TIMOR ..................................................................................................................6
IN JEOPARDY.............................................................................................................................................................................................7
"RELUCTANT CRITIC" .............................................................................................................................................................................7
MASS GRAVES............................................................................................................................................................................................8
INTO A TRAP..............................................................................................................................................................................................8
A CHANGING WORLD..............................................................................................................................................................................9
ONLY GHOSTS AND GUARDS WALK IN THE NIGHT.............................................................................................................................9
CARRASCALAO IMPUGNS NAIRN (SUARA PEMBARUAN)................................................................................................................10
RESPONSE BY ALLAN NAIRN...............................................................................................................................................................10
UNE TRAGEDIE ORDINAIRE AUX ANTIPODES (LE DEVOIR).............................................................................................................11
DOZENS OF FOREIGN NEWSMEN BARRED (JAKARTA POST).........................................................................................................11
TIMTIM CORPORATION TO START OPERATIONS..............................................................................................................................11
INDONESIAN MILITARY TO SEARCH FOR MISSING (UPI) .................................................................................................................12
SUHARTO WARNS INTELLECTUALS (REUTER)....................................................................................................................................12
U.S. CONGRESSMEN WRITE INDONESIAN AMBASSADOR.................................................................................................................12
EAST TIMOR’S SEARCH FOR PEACE (RAMOS HORTA).......................................................................................................................13
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL URGENT ACTION ...................................................................................................................................13
ASIA WATCH CRITICIZES COMMISSION REPORT ON EAST TIMOR...............................................................................................14

  1. TOO MUCH RELIANCE ON MILITARY SOURCES........................................................................................................................14
  2. NO ASSESSMENT OF MILITARY BEHAVIOR................................................................................................................................14
  3. POOR USE OF EXHUMATION AS AN INVESTIGATIVE TOOL..................................................................................................15
  4. INSUFFICIENT EFFORTS TO ASSESS WHAT HAPPENED TO THE OTHERS KILLED ...........................................................15
  5. AMBIGUOUS STATEMENT ON PROSECUTIONS.........................................................................................................................15
    CONCLUSIONS.........................................................................................................................................................................................15
    GOVERNMENTS CAN NO LONGER FOOL THEMSELVES.....................................................................................................................16
    EYEWITNESS RESPONSE TO KPN REPORT........................................................................................................................................16
    INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR-FREE LOCAL AUTHORITIES WRITE TO U.N.....................................................................................17
    MASSACRE IN EAST TIMOR, 12 NOVEMBER 1991..........................................................................................................................17
    THE ATTACHED RESOLUTION READS AS FOLLOWS:...................................................................................................................17
    PROTESTS FORCE CANCELLATION OF INDONESIA-AUSTRALIA STEEL DEAL (REUTER) ........................................................17
    INDONESIAN ECONOMIC OUTLOOK BLEAK (REUTER).....................................................................................................................18
    ALATAS: KPN COMMISSION REPORT FINAL (ANTARA) ...................................................................................................................18
    TIMOR PROTEST CONTINUES IN CANBERRA (RADIO AUSTRALIA) .............................................................................................18
    RADIO AUSTRALIA, JAN 5....................................................................................................................................................................18
    TIMOR LACKS ALLY AMONG THE MIGHTY (STAHL: INDEPENDENT)..........................................................................................19
    A FOREIGNER TAKEN INTO CUSTODY...................................................................................................................................................19
    Page 2 East Timor Documents, Volume 8. January 5 - 24, 1992.
    TOP INDONESIAN MILITARY TEAM IN DILI (AFP)..............................................................................................................................20
    OZ “TIMOR EMBASSY” HOLDS ON (REUTER) .......................................................................................................................................20
    SUHARTO OFFERS SYMPATHY TO VICTIMS (AFP).............................................................................................................................20
    INDONESIAN PARLIAMENTARY CHAIRMAN SPEECH (TVRI) ..........................................................................................................20
    HOW INDONESIA ENGULFED EAST TIMOR (LIECHTY: W.POST)......................................................................................................20
    EYEWITNESSES’ TESTIMONY ABOUT EAST TIMOR MASSACRE PUBLISHED ..............................................................................21
    FREE EAST TIMOR JAPAN COALITION WRITES TO GEORGE BUSH................................................................................................21
    JAPANESE FOREIGN MINISTRY PRAISES KPN REPORT (KYODO)....................................................................................................22
    LONDON TRIBUTE TO THE SANTA CRUZ MARTYRS (TAPOL)........................................................................................................22
    SOLIDARITY REPORT FROM FRANCE.....................................................................................................................................................22
    JAPAN HINTS AID CONTINUATION (REUTER) .....................................................................................................................................23
    HOLLAND WANTS U.N. INQUIRY (PMS)..................................................................................................................................................23
    LETTER TO THE EDITOR.............................................................................................................................................................................23
    YORKSHIRE TV FILM ON EAST TIMOR...................................................................................................................................................23
    PACKAGE TOUR TO HELL....................................................................................................................................................................24
    U.K. PARLIAMENTARY GROUP DECRIES MASSACRE (REUTER) ....................................................................................................24
    TIMOR CIVIL SERVICE RETIREMENTS (AFP) .........................................................................................................................................24
    CAFOD CONCERNED ABOUT FR. DOMINGOS SOARES......................................................................................................................24
    SINTONG PANJAITAN APOLOGIZES FOR SHOOTINGS (REUTER) ..................................................................................................25
    AUSTRALIA-INDONESIA SIGN FOUR TIMOR GAP CONTRACTS (REUTER) ..................................................................................25
    JAPAN TIMES NEWSBRIEFS ON EAST TIMOR .......................................................................................................................................25
    ASSISTANCE MAY BE LINKED TO HUMAN RIGHTS.....................................................................................................................25
    NEW AUSTRALIAN PREMIER PRAISES INDONESIA REPORT (REUTER) ........................................................................................25
    A WHITEWASH THAT DESERVES A BACKLASH (MANCHESTER GUARDIAN) .............................................................................25
    US SENATORS 'IMPRESSED'.........................................................................................................................................................................26
    RUDINI ON INVESTIGATION OF TIMOR BUREAUCRATS..................................................................................................................26
    ASIA WATCH CALLS FOR INTERNATIONAL MONITORS AT TRIALS .............................................................................................27
  6. DETAINED IN DILI ..............................................................................................................................................................................27
    II. DETAINED IN JAKARTA...................................................................................................................................................................27
    STUDENT UNIVERSITY...............................................................................................................................................................28
    AUSTRALIAN E.T. EMBASSY CALLS FOR SUPPORT.............................................................................................................................28
    WE ASK YOU URGENTLY......................................................................................................................................................................28
    NEW ZEALAND ‘REASSURED’ BY INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT REPORT (AFP)..........................................................................28
    EAST TIMOR UPDATE (CANADIAN ACTIVIST).....................................................................................................................................29
    CANADA SLASHES AID..........................................................................................................................................................................29
    MASSACRE INQUIRY BLAMES VICTIMS...........................................................................................................................................29
    BISHOP RENEWS PEACE CALL.............................................................................................................................................................29
    SOARES-BOUTROS GHALI TALKS (REUTER) .........................................................................................................................................29
    NEW TIMOR COMMANDER TAKES HARD LINE (REUTER) ...............................................................................................................29
    AFRICA LUSOPHONE SUMMIT..................................................................................................................................................................30
    TIMOR (ECOLOGIE INFOS)..........................................................................................................................................................................30
    A STRATEGIC INTEREST .......................................................................................................................................................................30
    EUROPEAN VIGILANCE.........................................................................................................................................................................30
    RESPONSIBILITY OF THE USA .............................................................................................................................................................31
    MISSIONS OF OBSERVATION AND REPRESSION ............................................................................................................................31
    PORTUGAL BEGINS CAMPAIGN AGAINST INDONESIAN ANNEXATION......................................................................................31
    EYEWITNESSES OF A TRAGEDY (JAKARTA, JAKARTA).....................................................................................................................32
    INTERVIEWED BY JJ REPORTERS ABOUT THE CREDIBILITY OF EYEWITNESSES, THE CHAIRMAN OF THE KPN, M.
    DJAELANI, RESPONDED AS FOLLOWS:....................................................................................................................................33
    JAKARTA JAKARTA JOURNALISTS SACKED....................................................................................................................34
    INDONESIAN JOURNALISTS DISMISSED FOR PUBLISHING MASSACRE TESTIMONY.........................................................34
    THREE JOURNALISTS SACKED (GUARDIAN)................................................................................................................34
    WORLD JOURNALISTS PROTEST........................................................................................................................................34
    JOURNALISTS DISMISSED FOR DOING THEIR JOB........................................................................................................................34
    MOROCCANS MASSACRE EYEWITNESSES?............................................................................................................................................35
    POLICE DETAIN MOROCCANS............................................................................................................................................................35
    PRISONER’S MOTHER APPEALS TO ALL GROUPS................................................................................................................................35
    SOARES: U.N. INQUIRY STILL POSSIBLE (REUTER)...............................................................................................................................35
    SOARES, BUSH CONCERNED ABOUT TIMOR ........................................................................................................................................35
    East Timor Documents, Volume 8. January 5 - 24, 1992 Page 3
    EXCERPT FROM AFP, WASHINGTON, JAN 13 .................................................................................................................................36
    SOARES MAKES LITTLE HEADWAY WITH BUSH (IPS)..................................................................................................................36
    GERMANY “ACCEPTS” KPN REPORT.......................................................................................................................................................36
    SINTONG, WAROUW INVESTIGATED ......................................................................................................................................................36
    MANTIRI INSTALLED...................................................................................................................................................................................36
    SUDRADJAT SHOWMANSHIP ....................................................................................................................................................................37
    CONTINUING REPORTAGE ON 12 NOV DILI INCIDENT; NEW REGIONAL COMMANDER NAMED..................................37
    INDONESIA REJECTS UN TEAM ................................................................................................................................................................37
    TIMOR, AGAIN... THEY MAY READ (PORTUGUESE TV CRITIQUE).................................................................................................37
    OFFICIAL VISITS TO HOLLAND CANCELLED IN AID CUT PROTEST...............................................................................................38
    ARMS TO INDONESIA DEBATED IN U.K. HOUSE OF LORDS...........................................................................................................38
    EAST TIMOR.............................................................................................................................................................................................38
    DEATH FOR GREGORIO?.............................................................................................................................................................................38
    SPECIAL SYAFEI INSTALLATION (ANTARA) .........................................................................................................................................39
    BUSH “VERY AWARE” EAST TIMOR.........................................................................................................................................................39
    UN MUST INVESTIGATE THE DILI MASSACRE (TAPOL)....................................................................................................................39
    THE KPN REPORT ...................................................................................................................................................................................40
    CASUALTY FIGURE: ...............................................................................................................................................................................40
    CAUSES: .....................................................................................................................................................................................................40
    WITNESSES:...............................................................................................................................................................................................40
    VICTIMS:....................................................................................................................................................................................................40
    CONSEQUENCES......................................................................................................................................................................................40
    NEW 'GET-TOUGH' ARMY LEADERSHIP IN EAST TIMOR ............................................................................................................40
    JAPAN CONTINUES AID ..............................................................................................................................................................................40
    EXCERPTED FROM KYODO, JAKARTA, JAN 15.............................................................................................................................40
    ALATAS REBUKES MANGLAPUS ON U.S. BASES..................................................................................................................................40
    EXCERPTED FROM AFP, JAKARTA, JAN 15.....................................................................................................................................41
    EVANS ORDERS CROSSES REMOVED .......................................................................................................................................................41
    EXCERPTED FROM AFP, CANBERRA, JAN 16..................................................................................................................................41
    OUTDOOR EMBASSY FOR E. TIMOR IN AUSTRALIA..............................................................................................41
    COURT ASKED TO LET CROSSES STAY.......................................................................................................................41
    TIMOR “LEAKED DOCUMENT” TRIAL....................................................................................................................................................42
    THREE WHO LEAKED STATE SECRETS TO PORTUGAL WILL SOON BE TRIED ...............................42
    31 ACCUSED..............................................................................................................................................................................................42
    JAPANESE TOURIST ACCUSED, DEPORTED..........................................................................................................................................42
    MAN SAYS JAKARTA OUSTED HIM FOR ALLEGED SPYING...............................................................................42
    JAWA POS - INTEL PAPER!....................................................................................................................................................................43
    WADA’S CONVERSATION WITH CONSUL GENERAL HARUTA..........................................................................43
    JAPAN - INDONESIA AID WILL CONTINUE DESPITE EAST TIMOR KILLINGS..............................................................................44
    REPORT: MEETING WITH SENATOR PELL..............................................................................................................................................44
    TIMOR GAP OIL.............................................................................................................................................................................................44
    MASSACRE SURVIVORS TO GO ON TRIAL IN DILI (TAPOL)..............................................................................................................44
    CDPM LISTS 37 TIMORESE TO BE TRIED IN DILI.......................................................................................................45
    A WOMAN GOES ON TRIAL IN DILI........................................................................................................................................45
    TIMORESE PLEADS “GUILTY”..................................................................................................................................................45
    BELO IMPLICATED IN TRIAL?...................................................................................................................................................46
    TIMORESE WOMAN SENTENCED TO SEVEN YEARS............................................................................................46
    NOTE REGARDING SOURCES:..............................................................................................................................................................46
    PORTUGAL LASHES OUT ............................................................................................................................................................................46
    TIMOR MEETING / ACTION ALERT - NEW YORK.................................................................................................................................46
    N.J. PROGRAM: INDONESIA IN EAST TIMOR: US ARMS AND GENOCIDE...............................................................................46
    THE TIANANMEN IN EAST TIMOR (NYT EDITORIAL)........................................................................................................................47
    DUTCH RESUME AID (REUTER) ................................................................................................................................................................47
    DUTCH WILL MAKE DEMANDS (AFP)............................................................................................................................................47
    AID RESUMES, UN FOLLOWS IN WAKE (IPS)...............................................................................................................................47
    CORRECTION JAN 24 FROM E.T.A.N., CANADA:............................................................................................................................47
    JAKARTA WELCOMES DUTCH RESUMPTION OF DEVELOPMENT AID................................................................................47
    AT LEAST 56 TIMORESE DETAINED.........................................................................................................................................................48
    TALKS WITH TIMOR RESISTANCE?..........................................................................................................................................................48
    INDONESIAN ASSASSINATION PLOTS? ...................................................................................................................................................48
    SOARES: TIMOR NOT GOA .........................................................................................................................................................................48
    Page 4 East Timor Documents, Volume 8. January 5 - 24, 1992.
    U.S., AUSTRALIA VIEW TIMOR DIFFERENTLY THAN EUROPE........................................................................................................48
    MASSACRE: ONLY THE TIP OF THE ICEBERG .......................................................................................................................................49
    (1) PORTUGUESE HOSTAGES: ..............................................................................................................................................................49
    (2) THE SLAUGHTER OF INNOCENTS: ...............................................................................................................................................49
    (3) ASSASSINATION OF BABIES:..........................................................................................................................................................49
    (4) TORTURE OF PRISONERS:...............................................................................................................................................................49
    OVERZEALOUS TIMOR PROSECUTORS...................................................................................................................................................49
    PORTUGAL ONE-UPS GREENPEACE.........................................................................................................................................................49
    CONDEMN TIMOR TRIALS, OTTAWA TOLD .........................................................................................................................................50
    SURVIVORS OF ATTACK BY SOLDIERS FACING LEGAL ACTION..............................................................................................50
    KOOIJMANS: TORTURE IN PARTS OF INDONESIA ROUTINE...........................................................................................................50

East Timor Action Network

Documents on East Timor from PeaceNet and connected computer networks 15, July 12 - Aug. 9, 1992

CGI MEETS IN PARIS; AID LINKAGES REJECTED ...................................................................................... 4
ACTU ON LINKED AID....................................................................................................................................4
WORLD BANK PROJECTIONS ........................................................................................................................4
JAPAN COALITION TO CGI.............................................................................................................................4
ASIA WATCH CAUTIONS DONORS ON HUMAN RIGHTS .................................................................................5
PRESSING INDONESIA..................................................................................................................................5
CANADIAN PARLIAMENTARIANS STATEMENT FOR CGI..................................................................................6
CGI CONVENES .............................................................................................................................................7
FRANCE LECTURES INDONESIA ....................................................................................................................7
INDONESIA LASHES WEST, JAPAN ................................................................................................................8
REPORT ON THE CGI DEMONSTRATIONS......................................................................................................8
INDONESIA TRIUMPHS AT CGI......................................................................................................................9
BILLIONS IN AID FOR JAKARTA DESPITE HUMAN RIGHTS ROW .................................................................11
HUMAN RIGHTS HYPOCRISY.......................................................................................................................11
WATANABE PROBED ON THREATS TO INDONESIA ......................................................................................12
URGE LINKING OF HUMAN RIGHTS, INDONESIAN AID...............................................................................12
SUHARTO: NO POLITICAL STRINGS ON FOREIGN AID ................................................................................13
DUTCH FOREIGN MINISTER VISITS JAKARTA .......................................................................................... 13
VAN DEN BROEK ARRIVES IN JAKARTA.......................................................................................................13
DUTCH FIRM ON HUMAN RIGHTS ..............................................................................................................13
DUTCH OPPOSE PORTUGAL’S POSITION .....................................................................................................14
ASEAN MEETS IN MANILA......................................................................................................................... 14
S.E. ASIA ARMS RACE..................................................................................................................................14
SPRATLYS RESTRAINT.................................................................................................................................15
Documents on East Timor from
PeaceNet and Connected Computer Networks
Volume 15: July 12 - August 9, 1992
Published by:
East Timor Action Network / U.S.
P.O. Box 1182, White Plains, NY 10602 USA
Tel: 914-428-7299 Fax: 914-428-7383 E-mail PeaceNet:CSCHEINER or CSCHEINER@IGC.ORG
For additional copies, please enclose US$6. per volume to cover costs; add an extra dollar for international air mail.
These documents are produced monthly and mailed to subscribers. If you would like to subscribe,
send $24 for the next four months (US), or $30 for international air mail. Subsidized rates are available for groups in developing countries working on East Timor. Checks should be made out to “Foreign
Bases Project / ETAN.” Tax-deductible contributions can be made out to “WESPAC Foundation /ETAN.”
The material is grouped by subject, with articles under each category in approximately chronological
order. It is also available on IBM-compatible diskette, in either WinWord 2 or ASCII format.
Reprinting and distribution without permission is welcomed.
Much of this information is supplied by Task Force Indonesia and TAPOL.
Page 2 East Timor Documents, Volume 15. July 12 - August 9, 1992.
ASEAN BECOMES ‘SECURITY FORUM’ .........................................................................................................15
ASEAN OPPOSING LINKED AID?.................................................................................................................16
U.S. GIVES NOTICE TO TYRANTS AT ASEAN ................................................................................................16
ASEAN-EC RIGHTS CLASH ...........................................................................................................................18
EC/ASEAN TALKS HIT BY ROW ON EAST TIMOR ..........................................................................................20
SOUTHEAST ASIANS, WEST AT ODDS OVER RIGHTS ...................................................................................20
ASEAN CLASHES WITH EC ...........................................................................................................................21
ASEAN: ‘SEE NO EVIL’ ..................................................................................................................................21
HUMAN RIGHTS-AID LINK DEBATED AT ASEAN ..........................................................................................22
HUMAN RIGHTS SCUTTLE ASEAN DISCUSSION ...........................................................................................23
STUMBLING BLOCK; INDONESIA-EC AGREEMENT DITCHED BY TIMOR ISSUE............................................23
ASIA SECURITY TALKS THIS FALL ...............................................................................................................24
EUROPEAN COMMUNITY LIMITS AID TO ASEAN ...................................................................................... 24
RAMOS-HORTA CRITICIZES PORTUGUESE PRESIDENCY OF EC .................................................................24
EC TALKS UP DEMOCRACY ..........................................................................................................................25
PORTUGAL BUCKS E.C. ON TIMOR .............................................................................................................25
PORTUGAL BLOCKS EC-ASEAN DEAL OVER EAST TIMOR...........................................................................25
PORTUGAL’S CONDITIONS ON EC/ASEAN ACCORD....................................................................................26
PORTUGAL WILL BLOCK FURTHER AID........................................................................................................27
ALATAS REGRETS EC DELAY OF ASEAN TALKS.............................................................................................27
EC ‘SALVAGING’ ASEAN PACT?....................................................................................................................28
MORE ‘CONDITIONALITY’ COMING?............................................................................................................28
UN DECOLONIZATION HEARING IN NEW YORK ........................................................................................ 29
INDONESIAN OCCUPATION OF EAST TIMOR CONDEMNED BEFORE UN COMMITTEE .................................29
TAPOL STATEMENT TO DECOLONIZATION COMMITTEE...............................................................................30
ETAN/US STATEMENT TO DECOLONIZATION COMMITTEE...........................................................................32
XANANA GUSMAO STATEMENT TO DECOLONIZATION COMMITTEE............................................................33
ASIA WATCH STATEMENT TO DECOLONIZATION COMMITTEE .....................................................................35
REPORT ON UN DECOLONIZATION COMMITTEE HEARING .........................................................................37
INDONESIAN MILITARY RESTRUCTURED.................................................................................................. 38
MILITARY PROMOTIONS LINKED TO FUTURE CHANGES .............................................................................38
SUHARTO ON MILITARY AS ‘SOCIO-POLITICAL FORCE’ ...............................................................................38
INDONESIAN MILITARY TO SET UP TV STATION ..........................................................................................39
WISMOYO PROMOTED TO DEPUTY CHIEF-OF-STAFF...................................................................................39
SPOKESMAN ON UPCOMING MILITARY LEADERSHIP CHANGES .................................................................39
YOUNGER COMMANDERS STRENGTHEN MILITARY’S POWER GRIP ............................................................39
PROBLEMS IN THE INDONESIAN EMPIRE................................................................................................. 40
SEPARATISM IS DAMAGING NATIONAL PROSPERITY ..................................................................................40
MOLUCCANS’ FIELDS OF DREAMS..............................................................................................................40
INDONESIA REJECTS UNPO ........................................................................................................................41
ACEHNESE REFUGEES IN UNHCR: UPDATE.................................................................................................42
THE ACEHNESE DISAPPEARED ....................................................................................................................42
DIPLOS TALK ON ACEHNESE.......................................................................................................................42
ACEH’S MILITARY COMMANDER WARNS MALAYSIA ....................................................................................43
TWO WEST PAPUAN OPM SUPPORTERS SENTENCED ..................................................................................43
SUPPORT ACEHNESE REFUGEES IN MALAYSIA............................................................................................43
REFUGEES SUPPORT ACEH MERDEKA? .......................................................................................................44
INDONESIAN ‘DISINTEGRATION’ ANGST.....................................................................................................44
THE HIDDEN WAR (OPM IN WEST PAPUA) ..................................................................................................44
OPM REBEL SURRENDERS...........................................................................................................................46
East Timor Documents, Volume 15. July 12 - August 9, 1992. Page 3
EVENTS IN THE U.S. .................................................................................................................................. 46
REPORT ON CONVERSATION WITH REP KOLBE (ETAN/SW) ........................................................................46
AMERICAN-INDONESIAN EXCHANGE FOUNDATION ESTABLISHED ...........................................................46
U.S. URBAN SERVICES LOAN .......................................................................................................................46
AICC ENTERS TIMOR POLITICS! .................................................................................................................47
ETAN/US SENATE UPDATE...........................................................................................................................47
AICC WASHINGTON BRIEFING ....................................................................................................................48
REPRESSION AND EVENTS IN EAST TIMOR.............................................................................................. 48
DEFENCE SPEECH OF GREGORIO DA CUNHA SALDANHA..........................................................................48
ARMY CHIEF VIEWS EFFECT OF DILI ON DECISION-MAKING....................................................................51
‘CLEARANCE TESTS’ FOR TIMORESE STUDENTS ..........................................................................................51
OPERATION TO END TIMOR RESISTANCE?.................................................................................................51
A.I. APPEALS AGAIN TO INDONESIA...........................................................................................................52
THREE REBELS KILLED BY TROOPS............................................................................................................52
THE TIMORESE ‘DISAPPEARED’ ...................................................................................................................52
SUHARTO RECEIVES REPORT FROM MILITARY CHIEF ................................................................................52
WHAT REALLY HAPPENED ON 28 OCTOBER?...............................................................................................53
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL REPORT ON EAST TIMOR..................................................................................53
MOST EAST TIMORESE WANT NATIVE AS NEXT GOVERNOR........................................................................54
SYAFEI: ‘MISSING’ TIMORESE BEST DEAD ..................................................................................................55
THE MILITARY TRIALS AND THE TRUTH BEHIND THE DILI MASSACRE (TAPOL) ...........................................56
BISHOP BELO PARTICIPATION IN TALKS - VATICAN AND XANANA SUPPORT?.............................................58
GOVERNOR CARRASCALAO A HERO - BISHOP BELO ...................................................................................58
INTERVIEW WITH BISHOP BELO IN MATRA..................................................................................................58
LETTER FROM TIMORESE JAIL....................................................................................................................59
NEW TIMOR OFFENSIVE?.............................................................................................................................59
ARMS SALES & BUSINESS IN INDONESIA ................................................................................................. 59
OFFICIAL ON U.S. ENVOY’S CRITICISM ON INVESTMENT............................................................................59
JOINT AIR EXERCISES WITH SINGAPORE LAUNCHED ................................................................................60
INDONESIA ORDERS ARMS FROM NETHERLANDS, U.S...............................................................................60
INDONESIA TO BUY LARGE PART OF FORMER EAST GERMAN NAVY ...........................................................60
KLM TO PURCHASE PART OF GARUDA........................................................................................................60
TOURISM UP, STILL LOW .............................................................................................................................60
EVENTS IN CANADA................................................................................................................................... 61
ONTARIO REGIONAL EAST TIMOR CONFERENCE........................................................................................61
TORONTO GRANDMOTHER JAILED FOR EAST TIMOR PROTEST ..................................................................61
TORONTO TIMOR ACTIVISTS PROTEST SENTENCES: ...................................................................................61
EAST TIMOR UPDATE IN THE ACTIVIST, JULY-AUG. 1992.............................................................................61
EVENTS IN BRITAIN................................................................................................................................... 62
LUCAS AND LIEBHEFF TO SELL AIRCRAFT PARTS TO INDONESIA................................................................62
PETITION PRESENTED TO DOWNING STREET .............................................................................................63
HOUSE OF LORDS DISCUSSES EAST TIMOR................................................................................................63
DEMO AGAINST SENTENCES IN LONDON ...................................................................................................63
INDONESIAN AIR FORCE NEGOTIATES TO BUY BRITISH HAWK FIGHTER PLANES......................................64
RESOURCES AVAILABLE ........................................................................................................................... 64
BOUGAINVILLE ‘GENOCIDE’ COMPARED TO EAST TIMOR IN NEW BOOK....................................................64
SOUTHEAST ASIA PUBLICATIONS ................................................................................................................64
EAST TIMOR ON STAGE ...............................................................................................................................65
MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES ..................................................................................................................... 65
REPORT FROM KUPANG ..............................................................................................................................65
Page 4 East Timor Documents, Volume 15. July 12 - August 9, 1992.
NEWSWEEK INTERVIEWS RAMOS-HORTA ...................................................................................................66
AUSTRALIAN CONFERENCE ANNOUNCEMENT.............................................................................................67
RAMOS-HORTA PLAN GETS QUALIFIED SUPPORT........................................................................................67
UDT RIFT DEEPENS .....................................................................................................................................68
FUND RAISING FOR RESISTANCE................................................................................................................68
DILI MADE HONORARY LUSOPHONE CAPITAL CITY ....................................................................................68
ANDERSON: EAST TIMOR WILL GET INDEPENDEN CE .................................................................................68
INDONESIA MAY FACE JURISTS .................................................................................................................68
NAM SUMMIT SHAPING UP..........................................................................................................................68
NUCLEAR POWER ON JAVA .........................................................................................................................69
VIETNAMESE PM VISITS JAKARTA...............................................................................................................69
PORTUGUESE RADIO APPEAL ON TIMOR’S PLIGHT.....................................................................................69
TIMORESE DEMONSTRATE AT EXPO ‘92 IN SPAIN .......................................................................................69
MANTIRI: TIMOR VIOLENCE “UN’S FAULT” ...................................................................................................69
U.S. STATE DEPARTMEN T TRAVEL ADVISORY ..............................................................................................70
SECRET PORTUGAL-INDONESIA EAST TIMOR TALKS IN NEW YORK?..........................................................70
HORTA FAULTS ABRI FOR TALKS FAILURE ...................................................................................................71
RUDINI ATTACKS GREEDY OFFICIALS ........................................................................................................71
TEMPO INTERVIEWS HORTA........................................................................................................................71

East Timor Action Network

Documents on East Timor from PeaceNet and connected computer networks 16, Aug. 10 - Oct. 4, 1992

SANTA CRUZ MASSACRE REVISITED .......................................................................................................... 4
KAMAL’S DEATH ‘EXPLAINED’........................................................................................................................4
TESTIMONIES ABOUT THE 12 NOVEMBER MASSACRE....................................................................................5
NEW STUDY REVEALS 273 KILLED IN DILI MASSACRE ..................................................................................5
EVENTS IN EAST TIMOR.............................................................................................................................. 6
REFUGEES REPORT INCREASED REPRESSION IN TIMOR............................................................................6
LETTER FROM AN EAST TIMORESE PRISONER...............................................................................................6
BISHOP BELO INTERVIEWED BY MATRA .......................................................................................................7
TIMOR GAP SEISMIC WORK PAST MID-STAGE.............................................................................................14
MORE TROOPS IN EAST TIMOR ...................................................................................................................14
LBH TO OPEN DILI BRANCH OFFICE............................................................................................................14
OFFENSIVE TO CAPTURE XANANA...............................................................................................................15
FOUR BIG INDONESIAN COMPANIES UNITE IN EAST TIMOR VENTURE.......................................................15
SHIRLEY SHACKLETON AND THE CANBERRA JIGSAW.................................................................................15
REPORT ON RECENT TRIP TO EAST TIMOR..................................................................................................16
EAST TIMOR: INDONESIA’S KILLING FIELDS...............................................................................................19
TIMORESE SCHOLARS WRITE SOEHARTO ..................................................................................................20
ABRI ADMITS INDONESIAN CASUALTIES IN EAST TIMOR............................................................................20
MANY ARRESTS IN EAST TIMOR .................................................................................................................21
URGENT PLEA FROM EAST TIMOR ..............................................................................................................21
SIX FRETILIN MEMBERS CAPTURED ............................................................................................................21
SECURITY TIGHT IN EAST TIMOR DURING NAM SUMMIT............................................................................21
Documents on East Timor from
PeaceNet and Connected Computer Networks
Volume 16: August 10 - October 4, 1992
Published by:
East Timor Action Network / U.S.
P.O. Box 1182, White Plains, NY 10602 USA
Tel: 914-428-7299 Fax: 914-428-7383 E-mail PeaceNet:CSCHEINER or CSCHEINER@IGC.APC.ORG
For additional copies, please enclose US$6. per volume to cover costs; add an extra dollar for international air mail.
These documents are produced monthly and mailed to subscribers. If you would like to subscribe,
send $24 for the next four months (US), or $30 for international air mail. Subsidized rates are available for groups in developing countries working on East Timor. Checks should be made out to “Foreign
Bases Project / ETAN.” Tax-deductible contributions can be made out to “WESPAC Foundation /
ETAN.”
The material is grouped by subject, with articles under each category in approximately chronological
order. It is also available on IBM-compatible diskette, in either WinWord 2 or ASCII format.
Reprinting and distribution without permission is welcomed.
Much of this information is supplied by TAPOL or NOSCA.
Page 2 East Timor Documents, Volume 16. August 10 - October 4, 1992.
PORTUGUESE JOURNALISTS NOT ALLOWED TO VISIT EAST TIMOR ............................................................22
SIX BATTALIONS CONTROL DILI.................................................................................................................22
SYAFEI HOPES TO END MILITARY OPERATIONS IN EAST TIMOR NEXT MARCH..........................................22
ARRESTS AND HOUNDING OF EAST TIMORESE CITIZENS...........................................................................23
POSSIBLE INDONESIAN PARDONS FOR 13 EAST TIMORESE?......................................................................23
NEW GOVERNOR IN EAST TIMOR ............................................................................................................. 23
GUBERNATORIAL INTRIGUE........................................................................................................................23
EAST TIMOR GETS PRO-JAKARTA GOVERNOR............................................................................................23
HARD LINE POLICY EXPECTED...................................................................................................................24
NEW GOVERNOR A SIGN OF TOUGHER LINE IN EAST TIMOR ....................................................................24
TIMOR CHIEF ACCUSES PREDECESSOR ......................................................................................................25
NEW GOVERNOR’S RESETTLEMENT PLANS ................................................................................................25
NON-ALIGNED SUMMIT IN JAKARTA ........................................................................................................ 25
NAM REJECTS ‘CONDITIONALITY’ ...............................................................................................................25
INDONESIA COVERS UP OCCUPATION OF EAST TIMOR AT NAM CONFEREN CE ..........................................26
NON-ALIGNED POLITICAL DECLARATION REFLECTS INDONESIAN CONCERNS .........................................26
SUHARTO MOVES TO ABOLISH HUMAN RIGHTS .........................................................................................27
TAPOL STATEMENT ON NAM SUMMIT .........................................................................................................27
INTIMIDATION STEPPED UP AS NON-ALIGNED SUMMIT OPENS IN INDONESIA.........................................28
TIGHT SECURITY IN EAST TIMOR DURING NAM CONFERENCE...................................................................28
XANANA GUSMAO OFFERS SUHARTO OLIVE BRANCH .................................................................................29
BBC INTERVIEWS MICHAEL LEIFER ON XANANA’S CALL FOR TALKS...........................................................30
ABRI CHIEF REJECTS FRETILIN PEACE OFFER.............................................................................................30
U.N. HUMAN RIGHTS SUBCOMMISSION MEETS IN GENEVA .................................................................... 31
STATEMENT BY MRS. PASCOELA BARRETO ..................................................................................................31
STATEMENT OF MIGUEL SALDANHA ............................................................................................................31
UNITED NATIONS URGED TO MAKE REPORT PUBLIC ..................................................................................33
UN HUMAN RIGHTS SUBCOMMISSION ADOPTS EAST TIMOR RESOLUTION ................................................33
OPTIMISM OVER UN CONDEMNATION OF INDONESIA ..............................................................................34
CNRM MEMO ON UN RESOLUTION..............................................................................................................35
PORTUGAL AND INDONESIA BEGIN NEGOTIATIONS ................................................................................ 35
BOUTROS-GHALI SETS PORTUGAL-INDONESIA TALKS ................................................................................35
RAMOS-HORTA CAUTIOUS ON UN TALKS INITIATIVE ..................................................................................35
PORTUGAL PREPARED TO LIFT TRADE BOYCOTT ON INDONESIA ...............................................................36
PROPOSED TALKS HAILED ..........................................................................................................................36
PROGRESS REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ON THE QUESTION EAST TIMOR .................................37
GENERAL ASSEMBLY PUTS OFF TIMOR ACTION...........................................................................................38
INDONESIA WILLING TO TALK TO RESISTANCE.........................................................................................38
MEETING BETWEEN PORTUGAL AND INDONESIA CONFIRMED...................................................................39
UN COMMUNIQUÉ ON TALKS ......................................................................................................................39
INDONESIA, PORTUGAL AGREE TO CONTINUE DIALOGUE..........................................................................39
TALKS TO RESUME ON TIMOR FUTURE........................................................................................................40
A BREAKTHROUGH ON EAST TIMOR............................................................................................................40
U.S. CONGRESS CUTS MILITARY AID ........................................................................................................ 41
REPORT ON MEETING WITH REPRESENTATIVE JIM KOLBE (ARIZONA) .......................................................41
ETAN/CANADA WRITES U.S. SENATE..........................................................................................................41
AID CUT TO INDONESIA..............................................................................................................................41
SENATE TO DECIDE ON MILITARY AID TO INDONESIA NEXT WEEK...........................................................42
East Timor Documents, Volume 16. August 10 - October 4, 1992. Page 3
ETAN/US ADVOCATES TOTAL AID CUTOFF...................................................................................................43
CONTACT SENATOR INOUYE TODAY ON IMET.............................................................................................43
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL USA CALLS FOR HUMAN RIGHTS CONSIDERATION ..........................................43
IMET SENATE VOTE REPORT........................................................................................................................44
BACKGROUND ON THE U.S. MILITARY TRAINING FOR INDONESIA CONTROVERSY ...................................45
US CONGRESS CUTS MILITARY AID TO INDONESIA....................................................................................47
SUHARTO VISITS NEW YORK, U.N., JAPAN ............................................................................................... 48
SOEHARTO TO SPEAK AT UN FOR NAM........................................................................................................48
ETAN/US CONDEMNS SUHARTO BETRAYAL OF NAM, UN ............................................................................48
SUHARTO: UNFINISHED DECOLONIZATION (REUTERS) ..............................................................................49
PORTUGUESE FOREIGN MINISTER JOAO DE DEUS PINHEIRO ADDRESSES U.N.........................................49
SUHARTO UN SPEECH .................................................................................................................................49
INDONESIA OPPOSES SEIZURE OF TERRITORY OF BOSNIA - SILENT ON EAST TIMOR (AP) ........................51
NY TIMES EDITORIAL, ARTICLE, ADS..........................................................................................................51
SUHARTO’S HYPOCRISY (BOSTON GLOBE) ..................................................................................................53
DEMONSTRATE AGAINST INDONESIA’S OCCUPATION OF EAST TIMOR.......................................................53
SUHARTO VISIT PROTESTED IN NEW YORK CITY ........................................................................................53
WARM WELCOME AWAITS SUHARTO IN JAPAN DESPITE TOUCHY ISSUES ..................................................54
EVENTS IN INDONESIA.............................................................................................................................. 55
SOEHARTO DEFENDS ABRI ROLE ...............................................................................................................55
JAKARTA LIFTS NEWSPAPER BANS.............................................................................................................55
MILITARY DENIES TIMOR ‘OFFENSIVE’ ........................................................................................................55
SOEHARTO: SORRY, NO DEMOCRACY.........................................................................................................55
GOVERNMENT SETS UP RIGHTS BODY........................................................................................................56
114 KILLED BY POLICE SINCE 1989 ............................................................................................................56
MILITARY PRESSURE ON INDONESIAN NGOS.............................................................................................56
THE MAN TO WATCH: LT. GEN. WISMOYO ARISMUNANDAR ........................................................................56
“INDONESIA - FACING THE FUTURE": ABDURRAHMAN WAHID IN AUSTRALIA.............................................57
ABDURRAHMAN WAHID INTERVIEW............................................................................................................58
RAINFOREST ACTION NETWORK SUPPORTS INDONESIAN NGO’S ..............................................................61
SUHARTO WANTS A NEW LEADING ROLE....................................................................................................61
VEEPSTAKES................................................................................................................................................62
JAKARTA HIGH COURT UPHOLDS JAIL TERM FOR EAST TIMORESE STUDENT.............................................62
IN THE INDONESIAN EMPIRE .................................................................................................................... 62
ELEVEN ACEHNESE INCARCERATED UNDERGROUND IN PENANG .............................................................62
OPM CHRISTIAN SUPPORTER JAILED.........................................................................................................63
INDONESIA REWARDS IRIAN KILLER ..........................................................................................................63
WEST PAPUANS DEMONSTRATE FOR SELF-DETERMINATION ....................................................................63
EVENTS IN EUROPE................................................................................................................................... 64
FIGHTING BRITAIN’S HAWKS ......................................................................................................................64
JOSÉ RAMOS-HORTA MEETS IRISH FOREIGN MINISTER.............................................................................65
TIMOR ENVOY SUGGESTS IRISH F.M. ANDREWS AS MEDIATOR .................................................................65
INDONESIA MAY INVITE PORTUGUESE TO VISIT EAST TIMOR....................................................................66
EVENTS IN CANADA................................................................................................................................... 66
CANADA AIDS INDONESIAN ARMY.............................................................................................................66
SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY TOLD TO CANCEL INDONESIA PROJECT........................................................66
EVENTS IN AUSTRALIA.............................................................................................................................. 67
HUMAN RIGHTS, SENATOR EVANS AND TIMOR...........................................................................................67
Page 4 East Timor Documents, Volume 16. August 10 - October 4, 1992.
ICJ TIMOR REPORT OUT..............................................................................................................................68
ICJ LAWYER ON ‘DOUBLE AGENT’ CLAIM ....................................................................................................69
IN SALUTE TO FALINTIL...............................................................................................................................69
FAX-IN AGAINST INDONESIAN AIR SHOW IN OZ ........................................................................................70
AUST. PARLIAMENTARY DELEGATION TO DILI CONFIRMED ........................................................................70
EVENTS IN THE USA .................................................................................................................................. 70
ETAN/US PETITION......................................................................................................................................70
ETAN/US TAKES ACTION ON EAST TIMOR ...................................................................................................71
REPORT ON VISIT WITH NANCY YOSHIHARA, L.A. TIMES EDITORIAL BOARD .............................................72
LETTER TO NEWSDAY: RUN FROM INDONESIA ...........................................................................................72
LETTER TO LOS ANGELES TIMES: UN RESOLUTIONS...................................................................................72
ETAN NETWORK NEWS #2...........................................................................................................................73
INDONESIAN GENERAL SUED IN BOSTON COURT.....................................................................................74
RESOURCES AND EVENTS......................................................................................................................... 75
RESOURCES FOR SALE FROM EAST TIMOR ALERT NETWORK OF TORONTO................................................75
ART FOR TIMOR...........................................................................................................................................75
SENATE HEARING PUBLISHED ....................................................................................................................75
NEW CHOMSKY FILM INCLUDES EAST TIMOR............................................................................................75
ETAN/US VIDEO NATIONALLY DISTRIBUTED ...............................................................................................76
“COLD BLOOD” ON DISCOVERY CABLE TV..................................................................................................77
EAST TIMOR PROGRAMS IN LOS ANGELES AND WESTCHESTER (NY)..........................................................77
ETAN BENEFIT DANCE.................................................................................................................................77
LONDON GIG FOR EAST TIMOR...................................................................................................................77
CALL FOR BUDDING LONDON STREET THEATRE ARTISTS...........................................................................77
MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES ..................................................................................................................... 78
THE POLL THAT INDONESIA DARES NOT HOLD (ECONOMIST) ....................................................................78
EAST TIMOR IGNORED AT ASIAN-EUROPEAN MEETING ..............................................................................78
U.S. AND JAPANESE PARLIAMENTARIANS APPEAL TO SECRETARY-GENERAL .............................................79
INDONESIAN GOVERNMEN T CRITICAL OF MALAYSIA TV DILI PROGRAM....................................................80
HILL AND KNOWLTON – SELLING DEATH ....................................................................................................81

East Timor Action Network

Documents on East Timor from PeaceNet and connected computer networks 18, Oct. 5 - Nov. 30, 1992

XANANA GUSMAO CAPTURED ..................................................................................................................... 6
TIMOR: TIME FOR RECONCILIATION .............................................................................................................6
TONE DOWN YOUR REPORTING, MEDIA TOLD.............................................................................................6
JAKARTA ALLEGES FOREIGN SUPPORT FOR REBELS.....................................................................................7
EAST TIMOR’S LOST LEADER .........................................................................................................................7
FRENCH COMMUNISTS SUPPORT XANANA....................................................................................................7
AMNESTY ALERT F.I. # 366/92 EAST TIMOR ARRESTS.....................................................................................8
HUMAN RIGHTS IN INDONESIA ................................................................................................................... 8
AMNESTY BARRED AGAIN..............................................................................................................................8
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL’S REQUEST TO VISIT EAST TIMOR REJECTED AGAIN .....................................9
ASEAN HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS CONDEMNED ......................................................................................9
THE EMILIA GUSMAO QUESTION.............................................................................................................. 10
EMILIA GUSMAO IN A CONFUSING NETWORK ............................................................................................10
ARAUJO: EMILIA GUSMAO SHOULD HAVE WAITED TO MEET WITH RAMOS-HORTA.....................................10
SCENES FROM A BAD TASTE “SOAP OPERA” ...........................................................................................11
EMILIA GUSMAO: WHO DOES SHE REPRESENT? .........................................................................................12
EVENTS IN PORTUGAL AND EUROPE ........................................................................................................ 13
LISBON STILL BLOCKING EC-ASEAN AGREEMEN T......................................................................................13
Documents on East Timor from
PeaceNet and Connected Computer Networks
Volume 18: October 5 - November 30, 1992
Published by:
East Timor Action Network / U.S.
P.O. Box 1182, White Plains, NY 10602 USA
Tel: 914-428-7299 Fax: 914-428-7383 E-mail PeaceNet:CSCHEINER or CSCHEINER@IGC.APC.ORG
For additional copies, please enclose US$6. per volume to cover costs; add an extra dollar for international air mail.
These documents are usually produced monthly, and mailed to subscribers.
Because of the large number of documents immediately after the capture of resistance leader Xanana
Gusmao, items on this subject from November 20-29 have been published separately in volume 17.
If you would like to subscribe, send $36 for the next six issues (U.S.), or $45 for international air mail.
Subsidized rates are available for groups in developing countries working on East Timor. Checks
should be made out to “Foreign Bases Project/ETAN.” Tax-deductible contributions can be made out to
“WESPAC Foundation/ETAN.”
The material is grouped by subject, with articles under each category in approximately chronological
order. It is also available on IBM-compatible diskette, in either WinWord 2 or ASCII format.
Reprinting and distribution without permission is welcomed.
Much of this information is supplied by TAPOL, Task Force Indonesia and solidarity groups, but they
are not responsible for editorial comment or selection.
Page 2 East Timor Documents, Volume 18. October 5 - November 30, 1992.
EC-ASEAN FAIL TO RENEW ACCORD ..........................................................................................................13
PORTUGAL ABANDONS TIMOR REFERENDUM .............................................................................................14
PORTUGUESE FOREIGN MINISTRY CALLS REUTERS REPORT A ‘MISINTERPRETATION’..............................14
TIMORESE PEOPLE IN PORTUGAL STUDY EAST TIMOR................................................................................14
EC-ASEAN MINISTERS CEMENT ECONOMIC RELATIONS, SIDESTEP HUMAN RIGHTS .................................14
PORTUGAL: DAY OF REFLECTION ................................................................................................................15
PORTUGAL REMEMBERS SANTA CRUZ .........................................................................................................15
PORTUGUESE PRESIDENT LEADS DAY OF MOURNING................................................................................15
NEW PORTUGUESE FOREIGN MINISTER ....................................................................................................16
STATEMENT OF THE TWELVE IN THE THIRD COMMISSION OF THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY......................16
JOHN MACDOUGALL: EC TIMOR STATEMENT TOO WEAK .......................................................................16
PORTUGUESE NGO LETTER TO BOUTROS-GHALI.........................................................................................16
LISBON THEATRE EVOKING THE SANTA CRUZ MASSACRE..........................................................................17
EVENTS IN BRITAIN................................................................................................................................... 17
UK: REMEMBERING THOSE WHO DIED IN EAST TIMOR ON 12 NOVEMBER 1991.........................................17
BURYING THE MEMORY OF A MASSACRE...................................................................................................17
UK HOUSE OF COMMONS MOTION ON TIMOR............................................................................................18
FOULKES: INDONESIA’S KILLING MACHINE................................................................................................18
VIGIL AND SERVICE IN LONDON ...............................................................................................................18
EVENTS INSIDE EAST TIMOR................................................................................................................... 19
REPORT ABOUT TRIP TO EAST TIMOR..........................................................................................................19
THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IN EAST TIMOR ...................................................................................................20
MESSAGE FROM XANANA GUSMAO TO NAM................................................................................................22
SOARES AND SYAFEI: AMNESTY OFFER ......................................................................................................25
EAST TIMOR GOVERNOR SPEAKS ABOUT TERRITORIAL OPERATIONS.........................................................25
PRISONERS TRANSFERRED, SCHOOL CLOSED ...........................................................................................26
GETTING IT WRONG IN EAST TIMOR..........................................................................................................26
ABILIO SAYS BELO SAYS..............................................................................................................................26
RECENT VISITOR TO EAST TIMOR’S IMPRESSION .......................................................................................26
REPLY TO EAST TIMOR QUESTIONNAIRE.....................................................................................................27
TIMOR CURRICULUM ‘REFORM’...................................................................................................................28
JAKARTA TO TEACH NATIONALISM IN EAST TIMOR....................................................................................28
SOARES: NO COVER-UP OF TIMOR PROBLEMS...........................................................................................28
BAUCAU INCIDENT EXPLAINED ..................................................................................................................28
URGENT INTERNATIONAL ACTION NEEDED TO SAVE EAST TIMOR .............................................................29
SYAFEI INTERVIEW: PREPARING FOR ANNIVERSARIES..............................................................................29
ARBITRARY ARRESTS IN EAST TIMOR.........................................................................................................30
INDONESIA TIGHTENS SECURITY IN EAST TIMOR CAPITAL .......................................................................30
NEW ARRESTS .............................................................................................................................................30
BAUCAU: 7 KILLED, MANY ARRESTED .........................................................................................................30
‘FRETILIN PLOT’ FOILED ..............................................................................................................................31
SUHARTO TO ABILIO: HIRE TIMORESE.......................................................................................................31
ABILIO: NO TRAUMA LEFT FROM SANTA CRUZ.............................................................................................31
EAST TIMORESE AUTHORITIES CONDUCT IDENTITY CARD CHECKS...........................................................31
TAPOL CALLS FOR MONITORING IN TIMOR.................................................................................................32
FOR FIRST TIME, CENTRAL JAVA TRANSMIGRATES 25 FAMILIES TO EAST TIMOR........................................32
CONSTANTIO PINTO REACHES MACAO .......................................................................................................32
CONSTANTIO PINTO INTERVIEWED BY TAPOL........................................................................................33
HORTA’S CHARGES......................................................................................................................................33
East Timor Documents, Volume 18. October 5 - November 30, 1992. Page 3
ABILIO SOARES: “WHY DID NOT ALL THOUSAND DIE?”...............................................................................33
SOARES COMMENTS CAUSE OUTRAGE IN AUSTRALIA.................................................................................38
SOARES’ DENIAL .........................................................................................................................................38
MARIO CARRASCALAO DANGLING IN WIND ..............................................................................................38
UN REPRESENTATIVE VISITS EAST TIMOR...................................................................................................39
TREAT: OPEN IT UP .................................................................................................................................39
AI: HUNDREDS OF ARRESTS........................................................................................................................39
TERROR IN EAST TIMOR AS MASSACRE ANNIVERSARY APPROACHES ........................................................39
REUTERS ALLOWED INTO DILI FOR 12 NOVEMBER .....................................................................................40
TIMORESE: RETURN THE BODIES...............................................................................................................40
DILI REPORTEDLY CALM .............................................................................................................................40
DILI TIGHTLY MONITORED..........................................................................................................................41
THE ‘HEARTS & MINDS’ WAR .......................................................................................................................41
MOURNING IN TIMOR .................................................................................................................................41
TIMORESE CHURCH UNDER SUSPICION ....................................................................................................42
ORCHESTRATED ‘COMMEMORATIONS’ IN DILI ...........................................................................................42
ABILIO: ‘PEACE’ REIGNS..............................................................................................................................42
ARMED TROOPS PATROL DILI STREETS.......................................................................................................42
WINNING BATTLES, LOSING WAR ..............................................................................................................43
JAWA POS: BANNED EAST TIMORESE ORGANIZATION (FITUN) DISSOLVES SELF........................................43
JAWA POS: VIGILANCE REMAINS AGAINST EX-MEMBERS OF FITUN ...........................................................44
CARRASCALAO: END DEMO BAN ................................................................................................................44
UNDERGROUND EAST TIMORESE ORGANIZATION OJEKTIL DISSOLVED ....................................................44
EXPLORING FOR TIMOR GAP OIL ............................................................................................................ 45
TIMOR GAP TREATIES AWARDED................................................................................................................45
US OIL: INTO THE GAP ................................................................................................................................45
MARATHON OIL POISED FOR TIMOR GAP EXPLORATIONS..........................................................................45
EVENTS IN CANADA................................................................................................................................... 46
EAST TIMOR ALERT NETWORK/CANADA NEWSLETTER................................................................................46
SECRET CANADA-INDONESIA CONFERENCE IGNORES HUMAN RIGHTS GROUPS......................................50
ONTARIO UNIVERSITIES KICK OFF EAST TIMOR SOLIDARITY CAMPAIGN ..................................................50
CANADIAN ARMS TO BURMA .......................................................................................................................51
CANADIAN COMMITTEE FOR DARWIN SCHOOL ..........................................................................................51
12 NOVEMBER: EVENTS PLANNED IN CANADA............................................................................................51
SILENCE BESPEAKS DEATH IN EAST TIMOR ................................................................................................51
END ARMS SALES ON ANNIVERSARY OF TIMOR MASSACRE, CANADIAN PEACE GROUPS URGE.................52
CANADA CHOOSES PROFI TS OVER RIGHTS ................................................................................................53
MASSACRE MERITS MORE THAN A SLAP ON THE WRIST.............................................................................54
NOV. 12 IN CANADA ....................................................................................................................................54
REPORT ON FREE XANANA PROTESTS IN CANADA......................................................................................55
EVENTS IN THE USA .................................................................................................................................. 55
SUING SINTONG IN AMERICA .....................................................................................................................55
FEDERAL JUDGE IN BOSTON EXPECTED TO ORDER MULTI-MILLION DOLLAR PAYMENT.......................55
PANJAITAN LEAVES US, ESCAPES LAWSUIT...........................................................................................56
EAST TIMOR ALUMNI ...................................................................................................................................56
FERNANDO DE ARAUJO GETS HUMAN RIGHTS AWARD ..............................................................................56
INDONESIAN AUTHORITIES WONT LET EAST TIMORESE PICK UP HUMAN RIGHTS AWARD ...................56
US SENATORS TO SUHARTO: FREE FERNANDO ARAUJO .............................................................................57
TEMPO: NO MORE CAPTAINS TO AMERICA.................................................................................................57
Page 4 East Timor Documents, Volume 18. October 5 - November 30, 1992.
ETAN/US NEWSLETTER (EXCERPTS) ............................................................................................................57
NOV. 12 MASSACRE COMMEMORATION IN NEW YORK ..............................................................................59
NOVEMBER 12 COMMEMORATION IN LOS ANGELES.................................................................................59
DEMONSTRATION AT INDONESIAN CONSULATE IN SAN FRANCISCO........................................................59
WE LOOK FORWARD, NOT BACK ................................................................................................................60
BILL CLINTON ON U.S. POLICY TOWARDS EAST TIMOR.......................................................................... 61
TIMORESE APPEAL TO CLINTON .................................................................................................................61
HORTA’S HOPES FOR CLINTON ..................................................................................................................61
BRUNO KAHN, AGIR POUR TIMOR.........................................................................................................62
CHARLES SCHEINER, ETAN/US ..............................................................................................................62
CARMEL BUDIARDJO, TAPOL: .................................................................................................................62
ALATAS: NO CONFRONTATION WITH CLINTON ...........................................................................................62
US PROBLEMS, INDONESIAN PROBLEMS (FK) .............................................................................................63
CLINTON, ASIA AND HUMAN RIGHTS (FEER)...............................................................................................63
HUMANITY WON’T WAIT ..............................................................................................................................63
EVENTS IN INDONESIA.............................................................................................................................. 64
ABRI COMMANDER GENERAL TRY SUTRISNO: NO NEED TO LIMIT PRESIDENTIAL TERM ...........................64
HIGH CIVILIAN TOLL IN ACEH.....................................................................................................................64
INDONESIA CALLS WEST RUDE AND MEDDLESOME...................................................................................65
HUMAN RIGHTS LAWYER ARRESTED IN SURABAYA....................................................................................65
ASIA WATCH PROTESTS INDONESIAN ARREST.......................................................................................66
UPDATE FROM AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL ............................................................................................66
TWELVE STUDENTS AND ACTIVISTS DETAINED IN YOGYAKARTA................................................................66
UPDATE FROM TAPOL OCTOBER 29:........................................................................................................67
SUHARTO ASKED TO STEP DOWN ..............................................................................................................67
MORE ON STUDENTS’ STATEMENT..........................................................................................................67
‘PAPER TIGER’ ABRI EXERCISES..................................................................................................................67
TRY SUTRISNO: WE SHALL OVERCOME......................................................................................................68
HAKIM: WORSE ON THE WAY ......................................................................................................................68
MIDDLE-RANKING OFFICERS TRIED?.........................................................................................................68
WORLD BANK FUNDS INDONESIA...............................................................................................................68
EDI SUDRADJAT: CRUSH ALL REBELS ........................................................................................................68
ANTI-SUHARTO DEMO AT DPR!...................................................................................................................69
MILITARY BUDGET GOING UP .....................................................................................................................69
EVENTS IN AUSTRALIA.............................................................................................................................. 69
AUSTRALIAN MP’S TO VISIT INDONESIA, BUT NOT EAST TIMOR.................................................................69
ABC-TV NEWS ON AUSTRALIAN TOUR PLANS..........................................................................................69
EAST TIMOR OFF LIMITS FOR VISITING MPS ..........................................................................................69
INDONESIA BARS AUSTRALIAN MPS FROM EAST TIMOR ........................................................................70
INFIGHT’S OPEN LETTER TO AUSTRALIAN MPS ...........................................................................................70
SCHACHT: SUHARTO SHOULD LOOK AT EAST TIMOR ATMOSPHERE OF FEAR ........................................70
SENATOR BOURNE TELLS OF FEARS ON TIMOR .........................................................................................71
SCHACHT: AUSTRALIAN TRADE FOR EAST TIMOR DIALOGUE......................................................................71
SANTA CRUZ MASSACRE ANNIVERSARY TO BE OBSERVED IN SYDNEY......................................................72
EAST TIMOR CAMPAIGN WELCOMES AUSTRALIAN VISIT OF IRISH PRESIDENT..........................................72
IRISH PRESIDENT ASKED TO INTERVENE ON EAST TIMOR ....................................................................72
STATEMENT BY JOSÉ RAMOS HORTA TO SYDNEY CORRESPONDENTS .......................................................73
EXCERPT FROM AFP, SYDNEY, ROBERT HOLLOWAY, NOV. 5. .................................................................74
EAST TIMOR’S STRUGGLE CONTINUES ........................................................................................................75
East Timor Documents, Volume 18. October 5 - November 30, 1992. Page 5
NEIGHBOURS NEED TO TALK TO EACH OTHER ...........................................................................................75
MILITANT PROTESTS IN AUSTRALIA.............................................................................................................76
AUSTRALIA ON TIMOR AID LINK.................................................................................................................76
MORAL VICTORY IN OZ CROSSES CASE......................................................................................................76
NORTHERN TERRITORIES WANT TO DO BUSINESS IN TIMOR....................................................................77
TIMORESE BURN INDONESIAN FLAG! ........................................................................................................77
LIGHT OF MOURNING, LIGHT OF HOPE .....................................................................................................77
NEGOTIATIONS RESUME DECEMBER 17.................................................................................................. 78
RESISTANCE DEMANDS INCLUSION IN NEGOTIATIONS.............................................................................78
MOCHTAR: NO REFERENDUM......................................................................................................................78
XANANA: CEASEFIRE ACCEPTABLE..............................................................................................................79
EVENTS IN MALAYSIA AND JAPAN........................................................................................................... 79
MALAYSIA TV JOURNALIST PUNISHED ........................................................................................................79
LETTER FROM COMMITTEE TO PROTECT JOURNALISTS..........................................................................79
JAPAN’S ET SPEAKING TOUR .......................................................................................................................80
TOKYO MASSACRE COMMEMORATIONS.....................................................................................................80
JAPANESE PEOPLE MOBI LIZE......................................................................................................................80
S.E. ASIAN TREATY OF AMITY AND COOPERATION ADOPTED BY UN ..........................................................80
12 NOV. COMMEMORATED IN MALAYSIA....................................................................................................81
RESOURCES............................................................................................................................................... 81
EAST TIMOR RADIO DOCUMENTARY ...........................................................................................................81
TATA MAI LAU: NEW TIMORESE CENTER IN MACAO ....................................................................................82
PEOPLE’S TRIBUNAL ON TIMOR AND BURMA, BANGKOK ............................................................................82
COMPUTER BOOK DEDICATED TO TIMORESE PEOPLE ..............................................................................82
BOOK REVIEW: TELLING, BY MITCHELL TURNER .........................................................................................82
NEW FRENCH BOOK ON EAST TIMOR BY GABRIEL DEFERT........................................................................83
EAST TIMOR CLIPPING SERVICE ................................................................................................................83
COMMENT ON LONELY PLANET SOUTHEAST ASIA TRAVEL GUIDE...............................................................83
MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES ..................................................................................................................... 84
DAVID WEBSTER ON STRATEGY AND TACTICS ............................................................................................84
WAR RESISTERS INTERNATIONAL 1992 PRISONERS FOR PEACE HONOUR ROLL........................................85
THE FOLLOWING ARE IMPRISONED IN DILI, EAST TIMOR AT THIS ADDRESS:......................................85
SANTA CRUZ MASSACRE CASUALTY LIST................................................................................................. 87
KILLED....................................................................................................................................................87
WOUNDED ..............................................................................................................................................89
HOSPITALISED........................................................................................................................................91
DISAPPEARED.........................................................................................................................................92
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND ..................................................................................................................... 95
EAST TIMOR’S HISTORICAL BACKGROUND .................................................................................................95
JAKARTA’S LINE ON TIMOR’S HISTORY ......................................................................................................97
TIMOR’S EARLY HISTORY AND EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM ...............................................................................98
DEBATE ON THE COMPUTER NETWORKS .............................................................................................. 100
INDONESIA STUDENT NETS INFILTRATED................................................................................................. 100
ALT.CULTURE.INDONESIA ......................................................................................................................... 100
TIMORESE COMMENT: PORTUGUESE VS. INDONESIAN MEDIA................................................................. 100
POINT OF VIEW OF AN EAST TIMORESE ................................................................................................... 101
ANOTHER EAST TIMORESE COMMENT...................................................................................................... 105
PORTUGAL CLAIMS ON EAST TIMOR.......................................................................................................... 105

East Timor Action Network

TAPOL Bulletin 1992-02

  • Title: TAPOL Bulletin no. 109, February 1992
  • Contents: Timorese testimonies published in Jakarta -- The continuing massacre -- The Timor issue in Indonesia -- A report to satisfy donors -- Timor students go on trial -- Tourists expelled from Timor -- Indonesian students speak out -- Action in Britain -- Human rights briefs -- Soldiers and police on trial -- Forced repatriation -- Freeport - gloom for Amungme -- West Papua briefs -- Winning international consent
  • Description supplied by Victoria University catalogue.

TAPOL

TAPOL Bulletin 1993-12

  • Title: TAPOL Bulletin no. 120, December 1993
  • Contents: Death sentence threat restated -- Where are the Prio massacre victims -- Haur Koneng survivors tried -- Marsinah, symbol of resistance -- Four dam protesters shot dead -- Farmers against gold course -- Indigenous peoples' struggle spirals -- UNHCR criticises TAPOL -- All the President's men -- Mass protest force government climbdown -- East Timorese tour UK -- Bishop Belo treads a narrow path -- Troop reduction, a propaganda trick -- Students in Java targeted -- High alert for 12 November -- Peace activist in court
  • Description supplied by Victoria University catalogue.

TAPOL

East Timor: The Inside Story 1993-10

Title: “East Timorese mothers write to Hilary Clinton”

  • “East Timorese prisoners update”
  • Xanana held with common criminals”
  • “Swedish and US visits to East Timor
  • “Tricksters caught red-handed”
  • “A leading human rights activist under attack”
  • “The East Timorese – A people betrayed” (by Frank Horwood)
  • “UN sponsored talks move forward… slowly”
  • “Boycott Bali”

Friends of East Timor - Western Australia (FOET-WA) (Australia)

Timor Link Newsletter 1992-02

Timor Link no. 22, February 1992

  • Portuguese suspend visit
  • International reactions
  • Outrage sweeps Australia
  • Church under pressure
  • Foreign bishops rally
  • Life of fear

Catholic Institute for International Relations (Britain)

Timor Link Newsletter 1993-03

Timor Link no. 25, March 1993

  • Resistance leader captured
  • Xanana- a censored voice
  • New governor appointed
  • Security around massacre anniversary
  • UN talks -- Contancio Pinto escapes
  • International lawyers conference
  • International round up
  • Eyewitness account
  • Clampdown on church

Catholic Institute for International Relations (Britain)

Various documents

This document contains thirty-one separate documents.
It includes:

  1. Info evening East Timor: Video over the Anti-CGI demo in Paris (17/07/1992) this video also tells more about the military dictatorship in Indonesia. January 17th, 1993. | Dutch

  2. A page with two photographs. The description is in Esperanto. The photos have German signs flying on ships.

  3. Two photographs. 1993, UK: Demonstrations by British Coalition for East Timor outside Indonesian Embassy in London, Seen here are Chang so-Young and Chun Soon OK - Prograssio partners from Korea and Jonathan Humphries, former Chair of the British Coalition for East Timor who staged a sit-in hunger strike for a few days.

  4. Two photographs. The first: 1993, UK: a demonstration outside the Rolls Royce factory in Bristol to protest about Hawk sales to Indonesia. The demonstration was called “Oil, Arms, Terror” and organized by Hugh Dowson of the United Nations Association. Participants included Estevão Cabral, Prof. John Taylor, Dr. Peter Carey, Liem Soi Leong, and other members of the British coalition for East Timor, etc. The second: 1993, UK: Round-table meeting as part of the Christian Consultation on East Timor. From 1995 until 2004 Progressio facilitated this international ecumenical network.

  5. A photograph of an East Timor Ambassador Elisabeth Exposto during an ETAN organized speaking tour (USA). 1993.

  6. A photograph entitled, “Portuguese UN Mission, New York City, USA” 1993: Australian and USA organizations worked together to bring three Timorese Youth Ambassadors from Australia to the USA for a speaking tour, organized by ETAN. In the USA, they were joined by Abe Barreto and Constancio Pinto. This was the first of more than a dozen U.S. speaking tours that ETAN organized for exiled Timorese activists, many of whom are now Ministers, Parliamentarians and other leaders of the country. On the picture we see (from left to right): Elisabeth Exposto, Maria Bras, Danilo Henriques and Abe Barreto meet with the Portuguese ambassador to the United Nations.

  7. A photograph entitled, “With Plains, New York, USA” 1993: Elisabeth Exposta being interviewed by activist and photographer Andrew Courtney during Timorese Youth Ambassador Tour.

  8. A photograph entitled, “White Plains, New York, USA” 1993: During the Timorese Youth Ambassador Tour, Abe Barreto explained the East Timor situation to Indonesian-American Reverend Max Surjadinata. The Reverend was one of ETAN’s earliest members.

  9. A photograph of East Timor Youth Ambassador Danilo Henriques during an ETAN organized speaking tour (USA). 1993.

  10. A photograph of Mr. Akatani at WESPAC in 1993. Mr. Kan Akatani addresses a meeting of the Westchester People’s Action Coalition (WESPAC). Mr. Akatani was a UN official and became a prominent adviser to the International Federation for East Timor (IFET), which was initiated in 1991 by Jean Inglis and Akihisa Matsuno, both based in Japan and members of the Free East Timor Japan Coalition. IFET became a UN accredited NGO.

  11. A photograph entitled, “Amsterdam, The Netherlands” 17 August 1993: Group Purnama provides new head for colonial ruler Van Heutz.

  12. A photograph entitled, “Amsterdam, The Netherlands” 17 August 1993: “Our Colonial past nourished the dictatorial present. Stop genocide in East Timor” The Van Hgutz Monument in Amsterdam.

  13. A page with two photographs. The first: Japan, 1993, August: Mr. Shohachi Iwamura, Japanese soldier dispatched to East Timor during World War II, reports his participation in a gathering of Australian ex-soldiers. The second: Tokyo, Japan, 1993, August: Mr. Mari Alkatiri with Fr. Jaime Coelho S talking about East Timor, before a demonstration towards the Indonesian Consulate in Tokyo.

  14. A photograph entitled, “Tokyo, Japan” 1993, November: Mr. Mari Alkatiri, speaking tour and interview in Tokyo.

  15. A page with two photographs.The first: Kobe, Japan, 1993, December: Demonstration towards Indonesian Consulate in Kobe. The second: Kobe, Japan, 1993, December: Demonstration in front of Indonesian Consulate in Kobe.

  16. A flyer that reads, “Free East Timor - Indonesia out now!” 1993.

  17. A photograph of The Netherlands Group Purnama and sympathizers block Shell station to protest against Dutch investments in the Suharto regime. 12 Nov. 1993.

  18. Springstof - Handwritten and stencilled Utrecht activists’ weekly, distributed on pushbike to about 200 addresses in town. | in Dutch.

  19. A photograph on 12 November 1993, The Netherlands: Mikkie (Group Purnama) reads statement in front of the Indonesian Embassy.

  20. A photograph on 12 November 1993, The Netherlands: Memorial of Santa Cruz. Silent protest in front of the Indonesian Embassy. Protest March in memory of Santa Cruz, Department of Foreign Affairs and Indonesian Embassy in The Netherlands. Two years after the Santa Cruz massacre, activists march to the Dutch Department of Foreign Affairs, where they make loud noise. The March continues to the Indonesian Embassy where the activists stand in silence for many hours. Organize by the Dutch action group “Purnama.”

  21. A photograph of the National media coverage of protests on November 12th, 1993 in The Netherlands.

  22. A page with a collection of newspaper articles of the National Media coverage of protests on 12 November, 1993 in The Netherlands. | In Dutch.

  23. A newspaper article about the protests on November 12th, 1993 in The Netherlands. | In Dutch.

  24. Lyrics to a song entitled, “Viva Timor Leste!” written by the Utrecht Band, “Dogmama”

  25. A cassette tape cover from the single, “We can’t be Beaten - Songs for East Timor” with the lyrics attached.

  26. “Double Standard! Japan’s Stand on East Timor” Free East Timor Japan Coalition presented to the UN World Conference on Human Rights, June 1993. It includes: Introduction, East Timor: The Japanese Government’s Response: 1. The Sovereignty Issue 2. Position at the UN 3. Economic Aid to Indonesia 4. Involvement in petroleum development in Timor Gap area jointly administered by Australia and Indonesia 5. Meeting with East Timorese opposed to Integration 6. Summary. | 4 pages.

  27. “Timor Leste, Uma Responsabilidade Internacional” [Translation: East Timor, an International responsibility] Second introductory course to Indonesia and East Timor | 2 pages, in Portuguese.

  28. “V Jornadas de Timor da Universidade do Porto e curso de verão” [Translation: Five Timor days at the University of Porto and summer course] 22 July 1993 in Lisbon & 23 - 29 July 1993 in Estoril. | 2 pages, entirely Portuguese.

  29. A booklet entitled, “Paz e justice para Timor Leste!” [Translation: Peace and Justice for East Timor] 25 March 1993. Written by Father José Lopes Baptista, Member of the group Peace and Justice fro East Timor. 1993. | 15 pages. It includes:

    • Recent Developments regarding the issue of Timor
    • Necessity to reflect on the intervention of the church
    • Some concerns
    • Solidarity of the church in Timor… silences elsewhere.
    • The risk of forgetting principles
    • And the importance of remembering them… and applying them with coherence…
    • The correlation between human rights and the right to self-determination
    • Only in total freedom, with the occupiers out of its territory, can the people of Timor exercise their right to self-determination
    • The role of the Indonesian Church in the invasion and annexation of Timor
    • The role of the Church of Timor in the defence of its people against the arbitrary actions and attitudes of the occupying forces
    • The risk of identifying the Indonesian church with the Government’s policy
    • Present situation of the Church in Indonesia
      It also includes the Press Conference on the Arrest of Xanana Gusmão - Reasons and Objectives: 1. Xanana: A symbol of the Resistance of an entire people 2. Reasons for his arrest 3. Objectives of his arrest 4. At the difficult juncture, Coherence and Firmness in the Defense of the unalienable right to self determination and in the hope of new and promising developments in which Portugal can play the role of catalyst have become more vital than ever
  30. A newspaper article entitled, “Timor’s Untelevised Terror - As the World looks elsewhere, A small island suffers a hideous war” The Washington Post. 14 March 1993. | 2 pages.

  31. Stickers that read, “Free Xanana! Free East Timor! Boycott Bali! and “Hands off East Timor’s Oil” | 2 pages.

Peace is Possible in Timor Leste Association (Portugal)

Chega! The final report of the Timor-Leste Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation

The final report of the Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation (CAVR) was entitled Chega! (Portuguese for No More or Enough). It documents human rights abuses in the period 1975-1999. The report was completed in 2005; this version is the English translation, as published by Gramedia in 2013.

Contents to Volume 1
xix │ Map of Timor-Leste
xx │ Appreciation to donors
xxi │ Foreword by Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Nobel Peace Laureate
xxii │ Preface by Aniceto Guterres Lopes, Chair CAVR

1 │ Presentation of the Report by CAVR National Commissioners
3 │ Part 1: Introduction
7│Background to the Commission
8 │ From colonialism to militarised occupation
12 │ Coming together: reconciliation
14 │ Organising principle of this Report
14 │ The truth
16│Origins of the Commission
16 │ The workshop and the CNRT Congress
17 │ Results of the Steering Committee’s community consultations
19 │ Choosing the name of the Commission
19 │ Regulation 10/2001, establishing the Commission
20 │ Interim office
20 │ The CAVR Advisory Council
21│Formation of the Commission
21 │ National Commissioners
25 │ Principles and mission of the Commission
26 │ Regional Commissioners
27│Operational issues and challenges
27 │ Practical challenges to the Commission’s work
28 │ The challenge of language
29 │ An integrated community-based approach
32 │ The strategic plan
34│Core programmes
34 │ Truth-seeking
42 │ Community Reconciliation
44 │ Reception and victim support
45 │ Final Report
47 │ Archives
48 │ The Commission’s obligations to participants in its core programmes
49│National and regional offices and staffing
49 │ National Office
51 │ The CAVR as a learning institution
52 │ Institutional development and capacity building
53 │ Gender and staffing
53 │ Regional offices and district teams
54 │ Gender in practice in district work
55 │ The role of international staff in the Commission
56│Management and administration
56 │ Management structure
56 │ Administration
57 │ Finance
57 │ Downsizing and restructuring
58│Building relationships for the future
58 │ Direct relationships
60 │ Media and information campaigns
61 │ The international community
62 │ Community outreach and public information

69 │ Part 2: The Mandate of the Commission
73│Introduction
74 │ Temporal boundaries
75 │ Issues of particular relevance
75 │ The meaning of “related to the political conflict”
75 │ Human rights violations
76 │ The Commission’s definition of “human rights violations”
77 │ Priority given to particular categories of violation
78 │ Inquiry-related powers
78 │ Liability of Commissioners and staff
79 │ Confidential information provided to the Commission
79 │ The use of specific names in the Report
84 │ Standards used in determining issues of responsibility and accountability
84 │ The Indonesian invasion of Timor-Leste
85 │ Justice of war and justice in war
86 │ Community Reconciliation Procedures
87 │ The community-based approach of the Commission
88│Annexe A: relevant legal principles
89 │ Introduction – international law relevant to the mandate

133│ Part 3: History of the Conflict
143│Introduction
145│Portuguese colonialism in Timor-Leste
145 │ Overview
146 │ The arrival of the Portuguese
147 │ Colonial consolidation
148 │ Portuguese governance and Timorese resistance
149 │ Portuguese Timor in the 20th century
150 │ The international movement for decolonisation and Portugal’s position
151 │ Portuguese development plans and growing anti-colonial sentiments
152│Changes in Portugal and the decolonisation process
152 │ Overview
152 │ The MFA and the Carnation Revolution
154 │ The impact of the Carnation Revolution in Portuguese Timor
155 │ The formation of political parties in Portuguese Timor
157│The international climate and Indonesia’s policy on Portuguese Timor
157 │ Overview
157 │ The United Nations and Portuguese Timor
158 │ Indonesia and the international community
160 │ Indonesian policy on Portuguese Timor
163│The decolonisation process and political parties
163 │ Overview
164 │ The dawning of political consciousness
165 │ The composition of the political parties
166 │ Internal developments and tensions
167 │ The political parties prepare for armed confrontation
169 │ Fretilin and the spectre of communism
171 │ Lack of political tolerance
172 │ Governor Lemos Pires’s “mission impossible”
173 │ The coalition between UDT and Fretilin
174│ Indonesia’s growing involvement in Portuguese Timor: destabilisation and diplomacy
174 │ Overview
175 │ Operasi Komodo and increased covert military operations
176 │ Indonesian diplomacy
182 │ The armed movement of 11 August and the internal armed conflict
182 │ Overview
183 │ UDT launches its 11 August armed movement
185 │ The failure to negotiate: internal armed conflict
187 │ UDT retreats to the border
187 │ Portugal’s response to the internal conflict
188 │ Indonesia’s response
189 │ Portuguese Timor under Fretilin administration
189 │ Overview
189 │ Fretilin fills the vacuum
190 │ Prisoners and political violence
192 │ Restoring order
193 │ Administration
195 │ Balibó: Indonesia increases intensity of military operations
196 │ Fretilin’s unilateral declaration of independence, and the response
196 │ Overview
197 │ Background to Fretilin’s unilateral declaration of independence
199 │ The declaration of independence
201 │ Reactions to the declaration of independence
203 │ Full-scale invasion imminent
203 │ Full-scale invasion
203 │ Overview
204 │ Indonesia’s decision to invade and conduct open warfare
205 │ Dili prepares its defence strategy
206 │ Indonesian military preparations: Operation Seroja (Lotus)
206 │ Invasion of Dili and Baucau
211 │ United Nations response to the full-scale invasion
212 │ Timorese experience of early occupation and Indonesia’s attempts to formalise integration
212 │ Overview
213 │ AB RI consolidates; Indonesia installs “Provisional Government”
214 │ Fretilin in retreat, the massacres of prisoners
214 │ ABRI advances, early 1976
215 │ East Timorese experience of the early occupation
216 │ Fretilin regroups
217 │ Indonesia formalises the integration
218 │ Operation Seroja continues – US -supplied OV-10 Bronco aircraft introduced
219 │ Military stalemate, late 1976
219 │ “Encirclement and annihilation”: the final stages of Operation Seroja 1977–1979
219 │ Overview
220 │ Civilian population in the mountains
220 │ ABRI capacity stretched and early Fretilin confidence
221 │ US leads re-arming of the Indonesian military
222 │ Fretilin: internal divisions and violent purge
223 │ ABRI intensifies military operations: encirclement and annihilation, August 1977 to August 1978
227 │ Surrender: coming down from Matebian
228 │ Surrender, resettlement and famine
228 │ Overview
229 │ Surrender and execution of prisoners
230 │ Transit camps
231 │ Longer-term detention camps and ABRI’s security strategy
231 │ A closed land
233 │ ICRC and CRS relief
234 │ Ataúro as a prison island
235 │ Detention camps close
235 │ Operation Security (Operasi Keamanan)
235 │ Overview
236 │ The situation in Dili and across Timor-Leste 1979–1980
237 │ The first uprising: Dili, June 1980
237 │ “Fence of legs”: Operasi Kikis
239 │ Consequences of the operation
241 │ Rebuilding the Resistance
241 │ Overview
241 │ Fretilin survivors of the 1978–1979 offensives
242 │ Regrouping
244 │ National Re-organisation Conference in March 1981
245 │ Growth of the Resistance
246 │ The Resistance under Xanana Gusmão: towards national unity
247 │ The Catholic Church
248 │ 1983 Ceasefire and its aftermath
248 │ Introduction
248 │ Indonesian national elections in Timor-Leste: 1982
249 │ Shake-up of Indonesian civilian and military personnel, and Resistance actions
250 │ New approach by the Indonesian military: negotiations
251 │ Ceasefire
251 │ Appointment of Benny Moerdani as ABRI commander-in-chief: 1983
252 │ Monsignor Lopes removed
252 │ Ceasefire undermined
254 │ The end of the ceasefire
255 │ Consolidation and the beginnings of change: 1984–1991
255 │ Overview
256 │ Development of the Resistance
258 │ Repression and imprisonment
259 │ The rise of the clandestine youth movement
259 │ The Catholic Church
260 │ The situation at the United Nations
261 │ The visit of Pope John Paul II
263 │ Jakarta opens Timor-Leste
263 │ International developments toward the end of the decade
264 │ Turning Points
264 │ Overview
265 │ The Santa Cruz Massacre, 12 November 1991
267 │ The international impact of Santa Cruz
268 │ The capture of Xanana Gusmão
269 │ The student clandestine network
271 │ CNRM Peace Plan and diplomatic initiatives
272 │ The International Court of Justice case: Portugal v Australia, 1991–1995
272 │ The Nobel Peace Prize, 1996
273 │ The United Nations
274 │ From Reformasi to announcement of the Popular Consultation
274 │ Overview
275 │ The fall of Soeharto
277 │ The CNRT and the diplomatic campaign
277 │ The impact of Reformasi in Timor-Leste
278 │ Emergence of the militias
280 │ Xanana Gusmão calls for tolerance
281 │ Negotiations on the autonomy package
283 │ Growing militia terror
284 │ The 5 May Agreements
285 │ Security arrangements under the 5 May Agreements
286 │ Popular Consultation
286 │ Overview
287 │ UNAM ET deployment
287 │ Electoral Commission
288 │ The choice
288 │ Indonesian government coordination for the Popular Consultation
288 │ International presence in Timor-Leste
289 │ East Timorese and Indonesian observers
289 │ Security for the ballot
290 │ TNI-militia violence: June–July
291 │ Dare II
292 │ Voter registration
293 │ The campaign
295 │ Declining security situation: August
297 │ Final preparations for the vote
297 │ The ballot
298 │ The count and the results
299 │ Indonesia departs: scorched earth
299 │ Overview
300 │ Violence following announcement of the results
301 │ TNI takes formal control
303 │ The UNAMET compound
304 │ Growing international pressure
306 │ Forced evacuation of population
307 │ Interfet arrives: TNI withdraws
308 │ The formation of UNTAET: Security Council Resolution 1272, 25 October 1999
308 │ Returning home

339 │ Part 4: Regime of Occupation
343│Introduction
344│The Indonesian armed forces and their role in Timor-Leste
344 │ Introduction
345 │ Background of the Indonesian armed forces
352 │ Organisational structures of the Indonesian armed forces in Timor-Leste
363│Militarisation of East Timorese society
363 │ Introduction
364 │ Pre-Indonesian militarisation of Timor-Leste
365 │ Indonesian militarisation of Timorese political parties before the occupation
367 │ Establishment of East Timorese combat battalions
368 │ Early paramilitaries, 1976–1981
368 │ Paramilitaries in the 1980s
369 │ Civil defence forces
372 │ “Three-month military men”, (Milsas) 1989–1992
372 │ Operations assistants (Tenaga Bantuan Operasi, TBOs)
373 │ ‘Intel’ – East Timorese spies
376 │ 1990s and a focus on youth
376 │ Death squads
377 │ Militias, 1998–1999
389│Civil administration
389 │ The Provisional Government of Timor-Leste

413 │ Part 5: Resistance: Structure and Strategy
417│Introduction
420│Fretilin and the bases de apoio
420 │ Organisation of civilians
423 │ Military organisation
426 │ Fretilin’s socio-economic programme
432 │ Strategy
435 │ Protracted people’s war
436 │ Internal conflict
442│The end of bases de apoio
447│Restructuring the Resistance 1981–1987
447 │ Reorganising the Resistance for the new situation
451 │ Strategy
456│Falintil after 1987
466│Clandestine liberation movement

479 │ Part 6: The Profile of Human Rights Violations in Timor-Leste, 1974–1999
487│Introduction
488 │ Summary of key findings
490 │ Overview of the Commission’s information management and
data collection methods
491 │ Historical violation estimates in Timor-Leste and their
limitations
493│Fatal violations: analysis
493 │ Background and overview of statistical analysis of fatal violations
494 │ Objectives of analysis
xiv │ Chega! - Volume I
495 │ Overview of data and methods
496 │ Estimates of killings, deaths due to hunger and illness, and displacement
505 │ Descriptive statistical analysis of fatal violations reported to the Commission
525│Non-fatal violations
525 │ Introduction
525 │ Overview of statistical findings on non-fatal violations
528 │ In-depth descriptive statistical analysis of non-fatal violations
584│Mau Chiga case study
584 │ Introduction
584 │ Background to documentation effort
584 │ Limitations of the data
585 │ Historical background
586 │ Descriptive statistical analysis of violations reported to Mau Chiga Documentation Project
593│Summary and conclusion

Tables:
63 │ Milestones of the Commission
353│ Structure of military commands in Timor-Leste
377│ Militias in Timor-Leste, 1975–1999
390│ Indonesian administration structure, with Portuguese and Indonesian military
equivalents
395│ Composition of the Timor-Leste Provincial Assembly by Faction, 1980–1997
399│ District administrators by origin and affiliation, 1976–1999
421│ Fretilin regional structure since May 1976
422│ Fretilin administrative structure
450│ Military division of the territory at the National Reorganisation Conference
507│ Count of reported acts of civilian killing, 1975
510│ Reported acts of civilian killings and disappearances
513│ Percentage share of attributed responsibility for reported killings by phase,
1975–1999
523│ Reported violations & their detention context by district, 1974–1999
524│ Reported fatal violations & their detention context by violations, 1974–1999
525│ Reported fatal violations & their detention context by phase, 1974–1999
529│ Non-fatal violations by datasource, 1974–1999
530│ Relative distributions of victims per violation, the CAVR data
Volume I - Chega! │ xv
531│ Relative distributions of victims per violation, Fokupers data
531│ Relative distributions of victims per violation, Amnesty International data
535│ Non-fatal violations reported to the CAVR
547│ Violations by district
551│ Pattern of victims by sex
552│ Pattern of victims by sex over time
553│ Pattern of victims by sex between district
554│ Pattern of victims by age
555│ Pattern of victims by age over time, 1974–1999
556│ Pattern of victims by age between districts
564│ Data distribution based on CAVR, Fokupers, Amnesty International databases
573│ Reported violations and their detention context, based on types of violations, 1974–1999
574│ Reported violations and their detention context, based on phases, 1974–1999
575│ Reported violations and their detention context, based on districts, 1974–1999
576│ Reported violations and their detention context, based on sex, 1974–1999
577│ Reported violations and their detention context, based on age, 1974–1999
588│ Distribution of reported duration periods of displacement events of Mau Chiga residents, 1982–1985
589│ Cross-tabulation of reported duration periods of displacement events of Mau Chiga residents by location, 1982–1985
591│ Distribution of reported fatal violations by political affiliation of victim, 1974–1999
592│ Distribution of reported fatal violations by political affiliation and geographic
location, 1974–1999

Graphics:
497│ Estimated total killings in Timor-Leste based on RMS
498│ Estimated total killings in Timor-Leste using HRVD and GCD data
500│ Estimated total deaths by hunger/illness in Timor-Leste based on RMS
501│ Estimated total deaths by hunger/illness in Timor-Leste using dual system
503│ Estimated displacement events in Timor-Leste (with error bands)
504│ Total displaced households in Timor-Leste by region
506│ Number of reported acts of civilian killings, 1974−1999
506│ Number of reported acts of disappearance, 1974−1999
508│ Count of reported violations, by type and district
508│ Count of disappearance by region over time, 1974−1999
509│ Count of civilian killings by region over time, 1974−1999
511│ Fatal violations over time, 1974−1999, committed by territorial units
512│ Fatal violations over time, 1974−1999, committed by non-territorial units
512│ Fatal violations over time, 1974−1999, committed by Civil Defence Forces
514│ Count of victims of acts of civilian killings by victim group size, 1974−1999
515│ Count of victims of acts of disappearance by victim group size, 1974−1999
516│ Violations over time, 1974−1999
516│ Violations over time, 1974−1999
518│ Number of reported acts of civilian killings, by age and sex, 1974−1999
518│ Number of reported acts of disappearance, by age and sex, 1974−1999
519│ Age-sex specific violation rate of civilian killings (per 10,000 persons),
1974−1999
519│ Age-sex specific violation rate of disappearance (per 10,000 persons), 1974−1999
520│ Reported acts of civilian killings by victim affiliation, 1974−1999
520│ Reported acts of disappearance by victim affiliation, 1974−1999
521│ Number of reported acts of civilian killings, 1974−1999
522│ Number of reported acts of detention, 1974−1999
532│ Number of reported acts of non-fatal violations, 1974−1999
533│ Count of reported acts of detention, torture & ill-treatment, 1999
534│ Violations over time, 1999
536│ Count of reported acts of non-fatal violations attributed to Fretilin, UDT and Apodeti, 1975
537│ Violations over time, 1974−1999
538│ Non-fatal violations over time committed by Civil Defence Forces, 1974−1999
538│ Violations over time committed by Kopassus, 1974−1999
539│ Non-fatal violations over time committed by Police, 1974−1999
539│ Violations over time, 1974−1999
540│ Violations over time, 1999
541│ Reported acts of detention attributed to TNI, Police and Timorese Auxiliaries,
1974−1999
542│ Reported acts of torture attributed to TNI, Police and Timorese Auxiliaries,
1974−1999
542│ Reported acts of ill-treatment attributed to TNI, Police and Timorese Auxiliaries,
1974−1999
543│ Reported acts of detention attributed to TNI, Police and Timorese Auxiliaries,
1974−1999
543│ Reported acts of torture attributed to TNI, Police and Timorese Auxiliaries, 1999
544│ Reported acts of ill-treatment attributed to TNI, Police and Timorese Auxiliaries,
1999
545│ Count of reported acts of sexually-based violations attributed to TNI, Police and
Timorese Auxiliaries, 1974−1999
545│ Count of reported acts of sexually-based violations attributed to TNI, Police and
Timorese Auxiliaries, 1999
546│ Count of reported acts of property/economic violations attributed to TNI, Police and
Timorese Auxiliaries, 1974−1999
548│ Count of reported violations, by type and district (1)
549│ Count of reported violations, by type and district (2)
550│ Count of all reported non-fatal violations by region over time, 1974−1999
557│ Age-sex specific detention rate (per 10,000 persons), 1974−1999
558│ Age-sex specific torture rate (per 10,000 persons), 1974−1999
558│ Age-sex specific ill-treatment rate (per 10,000 persons), 1974−1999
559│ Age-sex specific violation rate of detention (per 10,000 persons), 1974−1999
559│ Age-sex specific violation rate of torture (per 10,000 persons), 1974−1999
560│ Age-sex specific violation rate of ill-treatment (per 10,000 persons), 1974−1999
560│ Number of reported acts of rape, by age and sex, 1974−1999
561│ Age-sex specific violation rate of rape (per 10,000 persons), 1974−1999
561│ Number of reported acts of sexual slavery, by age and sex, 1974−1999
562│ Age-sex specific violation rate of sexual slavery (per 10,000 persons), 1974−1999
562│ Number of reported acts of sexual violence, by age and sex, 1974−1999
563│ Age-sex specific violation rate of sexual violence (per 10,000 persons), 1974−1999
565│ Violations over time, 1974−1999
566│ Count of victims of acts of detention by victim group size, 1974−1999
567│ Count of victims of acts of torture by victim group size, 1974−1999
567│ Count of victims of acts of ill-treatment by victim group size, 1974−1999
568│ Violations over time, 1974−1999
569│ Reported acts of torture over time, 1974−1999
569│ Violations over time, 1974−1999
570│ Reported acts of threats over time, 1974−1999
570│ Reported acts of sexual based violence over time, 1974−1999
571│ Count of reported violations, by type and district
572│ Violations over time, 1974−1999
578│ Reported number of detainees on Ataúro, June 1980−October 1984
579│ Count of reported detentions, in and out of Ataúro, 1974−1999
579│ Reported acts of non-fatal violations by victim affiliation, 1974−1999
580│ Reported acts of non-fatal violations by victim affiliation, 1974−1979
580│ Reported acts of non-fatal violations by victim affiliation, 1980−1989
581│ Reported acts of non-fatal violations by victim affiliation, 1990−1998
581│ Reported acts of non-fatal violations by victim affiliation, 1999
582│ Number of reported acts of detention, by victim affiliation
582│ Number of reported acts of torture, by victim affiliation
583│ Reported acts of ill-treatment by victim affiliation, 1974−1999
583│ Reported acts of property/economic violations by victim affiliation,
1974−1999
587│ Number of reported displacement victims, by age and sex, 1974−1999
590│ Fatal violations over time, 1974−1999
593│ Number of reported hunger/illness deaths, by age and sex, 1974−1999

Contents to volume 2

595 │ Part 7.1: The Right to Self-Determination
601│ I ntroduction
601│ P reface
602│ The right of the people of Timor-Leste to self-determination
603│ O bligations of states
604│ The international context
606│ S ources
607│ The United Nations and the three major
stakeholders
607│The United Nations
609│Portugal
616│Indonesia
625│Australia
635│ The Security Council, its permanent members and Japan
635│The Security Council
642│China
645│France
648 │Russia (USSR)
651 │United Kingdom
657 │United States
667 │Japan
673 │Conclusion
675 │The Vatican
675 │Preface
675 │Background to the Vatican
676 │The Catholic Church in Timor-Leste
676 │Bishop José Joaquim Ribeiro (1966–1977)
677 │Dom Martinho da Costa Lopes (1977–1983)
680 │Dom Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo SDB (1983–2003)
682 │Pope John Paul II’s visit to Timor-Leste in 1989
686 │Conclusion
686 │ The diplomacy of the resistance
687 │Political parties and umbrella bodies
703│The diaspora
706│Conclusion
708│Civil society
708│Preface
709│International civil society
732│Indonesian civil society
739│Conclusion
740│Findings
740│The international community
742│The key stakeholders
757 │ Part 7.2: Unlawful Killings and Forced Disappearances
769 │ I ntroduction
769 │ D efinitions
772 │ M ethodology
773 │ Quantitative overview
773 │ Killings and disappearances perpetrated by the Resistance
774 │ Killings and disappearances perpetrated by the Indonesian
security forces
776 │ U nlawful killings and enforced disappearances during
the internal conflict: 11 August–24 September 1975
783 │ U nlawful killings before the UDT armed action of 11 August
783 │ Killings on 11 August, the day of the UDT armed movement
786 │ U nlawful killings following the UDT armed movement, 12–17 August
790 │ U nlawful killings between 18–20 August
792 │ Killings between 21 August and 30 August, the major period of
the internal armed conflict
796 │ Execution of detainees and other killings in September
799 │ O ther killings
801│ U nlawful killings and enforced disappearances during
the Indonesian occupation (1975–1999)
801│ U nlawful killings by Indonesian military before the invasion in
December 1975
806│ U nlawful killings by Indonesian military during the invasion of
Dili 7–8 December 1975
825│ U nlawful killings by Fretilin after the Indonesian invasion
(December 1975 and February 1976)
838│ U nlawful killings and enforced disappearances by ABRI after the
Indonesian invasion, 1976–1979
854│ Killings after the fall of the bases de apoio
913│ U nlawful killings and enforced disappearances by Fretilin/
Falintil 1976–1979
944 │Unlawful killings and enforced disappearances by ABRI/TNI
1980–1984
1001│Unlawful killings and enforced disapperances by TNI 1985–1989
1005│Unlawful killings and enforced disappearances by Indonesian
security forces, 1990–1998
1045│Fatal violations committed by Fretilin/Falintil, 1980–1999
1058│Unlawful killings and enforced disappearances, 1999
1116│Findings
1118│Internal conflict, 1974–1976
1122│Indonesian Occupation 1975–1999
1165 │ Part 7.3: F orced Displacement and Famine
1173│ I ntroduction
1175│ D efinitions and methodology
1175│Displacement
1177│Famine
1179│Gathering information
1180│ D isplacement and famine caused by internal conflict
(1974–1975)
1180│Displacement due to political rivalries (1974–1975)
1181│Displacement caused by the internal conflict
1182│The flight to West Timor
1184│Forcible transfer to West Timor
1185│Refugee numbers in West Timor
1186│Conditions and humanitarian assistance in West Timor
1188│Food shortages and humanitarian assistance in Timor-Leste
1188│Hunger and deaths
1189│ D isplacement and famine during the Indonesian
occupation (1975–1979)
1189│Invasion, displacement and evacuation 1975–1977
1198│Life and death in the mountains (1976–1978)
1210│On the run (1976–1978)
1225│Surrender, camps and famine (1978–1981)
1238│Resettlement camps
1249│Emergency humanitarian response (1979–1980)
1262│ F orced displacement and localised famine in the 1980s
1274│Retaliatory internment and collective punishment: Ataúro and
other internment camps
1285│Alternatives to internment on Ataúro: Raifusa and Dotik
1292│ D isplacement before and after the Popular Consultation,
1999
1294│Initial turbulence (November 1998–March 1999)
1299│First mass displacements, April 1999
1308│The quiet before the storm (May–August 1999)
1313│Massive displacement and deportation, September 1999
1333│Refugees in West Timor
1337│Returning home
1338│ F indings
1340│The internal conflict August–September 1975
1341│The invasion
1343│Food crops and livestock destroyed
1344│Life and death in the mountains
1346│Camps and settlements under Indonesian military control
1347│Humanitarian aid
1348│Strategic relocation villages and internment
1349│Displacement before and after the Popular Consultation in 1999

Contents of volume 3
Part 7.4. Arbitrary Detention, Torture
and Ill-treatment
1379│Introduction
1380│Definitions and legal principles
1380│Arbitrary detention
1380│Arrest
1380│Detention and imprisonment
1381│Torture
1381│Cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment (ill-treatment)
1382│Distinguishing between ill-treatment and torture
1383│Prohibitions under domestic law on assault and mistreatment
1383│Patterns of detention, ill-treatment and torture over the mandate
period
1384│Patterns over time
1385│Patterns over space
1386│The victims
1387│Gender
1387│Affiliation
1387│Group size
1389│Institutional perpetrators
1391│Where people were detained
1391│Structure of the part and key findings
1392│Detention, torture and ill-treatment by UDT, 1975
1392│Detention, torture and ill-treatment by Fretilin, 1975
1392│Detention, torture and ill-treatment by Fretilin/Falintil, 1977–1979
1393│Detention, torture and ill-treatment by the Indonesian security
forces and collaborators, 1975–1979
1393│Detention, torture and ill-treatment by the Indonesian security
forces and East Timorese auxiliaries, 1980–1984
1393│Detention, torture and ill-treatment by the Indonesian security
forces and East Timorese auxiliaries, 1985–1998
1394│Detention, torture and ill-treatment by the Indonesian security
forces and East Timorese auxiliaries, 1999
1394│Detention and torture by UDT, 1975
1394│Introduction
1395│Statistical patterns
1396│Victims
1397│Arbitrary arrest
1398│Detention centres and cases of human rights violations
1398│Detention centres
1399│Dili
1401│Box: Manuel Agustinho Freitas, detention in Palapaço
1403│Ermera
1405│Box: Manuel Duarte, imprisoned in Aifu
1407│Bobonaro
1410│Manufahi
1410│Baucau
1411│Liquiçá
1412│Lautém
1413│Forced labour
1413│Detention, torture and ill-treatment by Fretilin,
August 1975–February 1976
1413│Introduction
1415│The Fretilin armed reaction
1415│The General Armed Insurrection
1416│Reasons for arbitrary detention
1417│Places of detention
1417│Dili
1419│Comarca Balide
1420│Aileu
1421│Manufahi
1423│Ermera
1425│Ainaro
1425│Baucau
1426│Lautém
1427│Liquiçá
1427│Viqueque
1428│Manatuto
1429│Bobonaro
1429│The period of Fretilin administration
1430│Continuing detention of UDT supporters
1431│The detention of Apodeti supporters and members
1432│Movement of detainees between detention centres
1434│Box: Life in Aissirimou
1436│Trials of Fretilin detainees
1438│Following the full-scale Indonesian invasion
1439│Box: Escaping the Balide Comarca, 7 December 1975:
Anselmo dos Santos and Frederico Almeida Santos
1441│The movement of prisoners from Dili to Aileu and then to Same
1443│Hola Rua (Same, Manufahi)
1444│Detention, torture and ill-treatment by Fretilin/Falintil, 1976–1979
1446│Justice under the Fretilin administration
1447│Reasons for detention
1447│Treason by planning to surrender or contacting people in ABRI
areas
1450│Box: Detention of Father Luis da Costa
1452│Internal armed conflicts
1452│Conflict between Helio Pina and José da Silva, October 1976
1454│Disputes in Iliomar, Lautém, November 1976
1454│Box: Fretilin internal conflict in Iliomar, November 1976
1456│Dispute between Francisco Xavier do Amaral and the CCF,
September 1977
1456│Box: The detention and torture of Francisco Xavier do Amaral
1459│Enforcing discipline
1460│Renals and other Fretilin detention centres
1462│Ermera
1462│Viqueque
1463│Lautém
1665│Aileu
1466│Box: The Nundamar Renal in Remexio, Aileu
1470│Box: The detention of Ambulan
1471│Manufahi
1471│Box: The detention of Tomé da Costa Magalhães
1473│Liquiçá
1474│Box: Violence in the Fretilin zones
1475│Arbitrary detention, torture and ill-treatment by the Indonesian
occupation authorities, 1975–1979
1475│Introduction
1475│Profile of violations: 1975 to 1979
1477│Perpetrators
1479│Detentions during the invasion
1479│August–November, 1975
1480│Dili
1480│The invasion
1481│The days following the invasion
1484│Box: Detention centres in Dili
1488│Early patterns of detention
1490│Victims targeted for detention
1491│Box: Allegiance to Indonesia
1491│Interrogation, torture and other cruel and inhuman treatment
1492│Box: Interrogation in Dili
1494│Takeover of other areas
1495│Community divisions
1496│Detention outside Dili
1497│Box: Case study: detention centres in the city of Baucau
1499│Securing the territory, 1976–1979
1500│Development of intelligence networks
1501│Detention of Resistance fighters
1502│Detention for being part of a Falintil attack
1503│Box: Released but not free
1505│Detention of clandestine members
1505│Box: The breaking of a clandestine network
1508│Box: Interrogation of a clandestine member
1509│Detention due to family members in the forest
1511│Detentions after surrender or capture
1511│Early surrenders
1512│Box: Story of an East Timorese translator during interrogations
1514│Mass surrenders: 1978–1979
1517│Box: Detention in Uma Metan Camp, Alas, Manufahi
1519│Capture of communities: 1978–1979
1520│Detentions after returning home
1521│Box: Framing of a former Fretilin leader
1522│Conclusion
1523│Detentions by the Indonesian occupation authorities, 1980–1984
1523│Introduction
1524│Profile of violations
1528│The Marabia uprising (levantamento), Dili, 10 June 1980
1528│Arbitrary detention
1529│Torture and ill-treatment
1530│Box: The detention and torture of Bernardino Ximenes Villanova
1532│Transfer of political detainees to the island of Ataúro
1534│Box: Ataúro
1537│Operation Security (Operasi Keamanan), 1981
1540│After Operation Security
1541│Late 1982 – Falintil levantamento around Mount Kablaki
1542│Early arrests
1542│Following the levantamento
1542│Arrest
1544│Detention and interrogation
1544│Torture and other cruel, inhuman and degrading
treatment
1545│Village detention
1547│Forced displacement after the attacks
1548│Detention during the ceasefire, March to August 1983
1549│The breakdown of the ceasefire and Operation Unity,
August 1983
1550│Kraras
1552│Uato Carbau
1552│Iliomar
1553│Mehara
1555│Box: Maria’s story
1555│Torture and iIl-treatment
1556│Aftermath of the levantamento
1556│Transfer of detainees out of the area
1557│Village detention in Lalerek Mutin, Viqueque
1557│Mass detentions in Lautém
1558│Operation Security (Operasi Keamanan) in other districts of
Timor-Leste
1560│Aileu, 1983
1561│Box: Prisons in Indonesia, 1983 to the late 1990s
1563│Arrests of members of the urban clandestine movement
1565│Box: Arrest and interrogation in Dili late 1983
1566│Arbitrary detention, torture and ill-treatment in 1984
1569│Detentions and torture by the Indonesian occupation
authorities, 1985–1998
1569│Introduction
1570│Profile of violations
1570│Violations over space
1571│Detention and torture
1572│Perpetrator affiliation
1572│Detention of clandestine members
1573│1985 to 1998
1575│Box: Prisons in Timor-Leste
1577│1989 to 1998
1578│Box: Detention of a clandestine leader
1581│Box: Clandestine arrests in Dili
1582│The arrest of clandestine members in Indonesia
1582│Demonstrations
1583│Arrests in anticipation of a demonstration
1583│The visit of Pope John Paul II
1584│The Portuguese parliamentary delegation
1586│Arrests at or after an event
1586│The Mass at Tacitolu by Pope John Paul II
1587│Visit of the US Ambassador John Monjo
1588│SMPN IV School, Dili
1588│Santa Cruz demonstration
1590│Box: Detention for guidance
1591│Cancelled visit of the Portuguese parliamentary
delegation
1592│Box: The rise of the militias, 1985–1998
1595│Interrogation and torture of victims connected to demonstrations
1598│Box: Interrogation after the Santa Cruz demonstration
1599│Demonstration in Jakarta, 19 November 1991 and the Bali
arrests
1601│Untim demonstrations
1602│SARA and civil unrest
1604│Incidents after the award of Nobel Peace Prize
1605│Box: Ninja gangs and anti-ninja gangs
1606│The hunt for Falintil leaders in the 1990s
1608│Box: Xanana Gusmão’s arrest
1610│Box: Olga Corte-Real’s story
1611│Reprisals for Resistance attacks
1611│Baucau, October 1992
1612│Ermera, October 1996
1613│Attacks around the time of the 1997 Indonesian national election
1614│Arrests following the Dili attack
1615│Arrests following the attack in Quelicai (Baucau)
1619│Box: Police
1620│Liquiçá, July 1997
1621│Two Falintil incidents in Alas (Manufahi), late 1998
1621│The first attack
1623│The second attack
1623│Detention, torture and ill-treatment by the Indonesian
occupation authorities, 1999
1626│Statistical profile of detention, torture and ill-treatment in 1999
1626│Patterns over time for both detention and torture
1627│Patterns over space
1627│Length of detention
1627│Targeted groups in 1999
1628│CNRT members
1628│Clandestine members
1628│Student activists
1629│UNAMET staff
1629│Perpetrators
1631│Detention locations
1632│Reasons for detention and torture
1632│Forcible recruitment of militia
1633│Assertion of pro-autonomy forces’ authority over the community
1633│Retaliation against Resistance attacks
1633│Punishment of individuals who openly declared support for
independence
1634│Obtaining intelligence about pro-independence leaders and
structures
1634│Transportation of civilians and capture of those fleeing
1634│Detentions and torture, November 1998–March 1999
1634│Before the announcement of the Popular Consultation
1636│After announcement of two options
1637│Dilor, Viqueque, 20 March
1638│Maliana, Bobonaro, March 1999
1638│Zumalai, Covalima, March 1999
1638│Detentions and torture in April 1999
1639│Liquiçá, April 1999
1640│Ermera, April 1999
1641│Covalima, April 1999
1643│Cailaco, Bobonaro, April 1999
1644│Oecussi, April 1999
1645│Dili, 17 April 1999
1646│Viqueque, April 1999
1647│Molop, Bobonaro, 24 April 1999
1647│May 1999
1648│Falintil attack in Lolotoe, Bobonaro, May 1999
1650│Ermera, May 1999
1651│Continuing search for clandestine members
1653│Box: Identifying marks
1653│Manatuto, the involvement of the district administrator
1654│Detentions and torture between June and 30 August, the day
of the Popular Consultation
1656│Detentions and torture after the Popular Consultation
1657│After the Popular Consultation
1658│Punishment and revenge
1659│Cases of detention before evacuation
1659│Detention of individuals targeted for execution
1660│Release
1660│Reporting requirements
1661│Bribes
1662│Intervention by others
1662│Escape
1662│Torture and ill-treatment in 1999
1663│Humiliation and degradation
1663│Public violence
1664│Verbal abuse
1664│Other cruel and degrading treatment
1665│Conclusion
1665│Findings
1665│Detentions, torture and ill-treatment by UDT
1665│Detention
1666│Ill-treatment and torture
1667│Detentions, torture and ill-treatment by Fretilin
1667│During the internal armed conflict
1667│Detention
1669│Torture and ill-treatment
1671│1976–1979
1671│Detention
1672│Torture and ill-treatment
1673│Detentions, torture and ill-treatment by the Indonesian military,
police and agents
1673│Arrest and detention
1675│Conditions of detention
1678│Interrogation
1679│Torture and ill-treatment
1683│Release
Part 7.5. Violations of the Laws of War
1717 │ Introduction
1721 │ Relevant standards
1722 │ Violations of the laws of war by Indonesian military forces
1722 │ Attacks on civilians and civilian properties
1728 │ Box: The bombs came from the sky, or the coast and the ground
1731 │ Economic and property violations –collateral damage or
deliberate strategy?
1732 │ 1975–1977
1734 │ 1978–1979
1735 │ 1980s
1737 │ 1990s
1739 │ Destruction in 1999
1743 │ Mistreatment of enemy combatants
1743 │ Box: Status of Falintil
1746 │ Unlawful means of warfare
1751 │ Forced recruitment into military activity
1753 │ Patterns of recruitment
1755 │ Work as a TBO–risks and dangers
1757 │ TBOs in Operation Kikis, 1981
1758 │ Forced to look for family in the forest
1761 │ Tombak (Spear) Troops
1762 │ Forced night watch and patrol
1765 │ Violations of the laws of war by Fretilin/Falintil
1770 │ Attacks on civilian objects
1770 │ Findings
1770 │ Findings concerning the Indonesian armed forces
1773 │ Findings concerning Fretilin/Falintil
Part 7.6. Political Trials
1789 │ Introduction
1790 │ Legal framework
1791 │ Indonesian law
1792 │ International humanitarian law
1792 │ International human rights standards
1793 │ Analytical framework
1793 │ The first wave of political trials, 1983–1985
1793 │ Background
1796 │ Formal legal processes
1797 │ Informing defendants of their basic rights
1799 │ Torture and ill-treatment in detention
1800 │ Record of Interrogation (RoI)
1802 │ Trial
1802 │ Indictment
1805 │ Courtroom conditions
1806 │ Witness testimony
1807 │ The right to defence counsel of choice, and to an effective defence
1811 │ The presumption of innocence
1812 │ Independence and impartiality of the tribunal
1812 │ Right to appeal
1813 │ Conclusions
1815 │ The Santa Cruz trials, 1992
1815 │ Factual overview
1815 │ Background
1816 │ Findings of fact as determined by the court during the trials
1817 │ Facts according to independent sources
1817 │ Arrest
1818 │ Pre-trial
1818 │ Conditions at the Comoro Police headquarters (Polda)
1820 │ Investigation
1820 │ Information seeking
1821 │ Illegal methods of seeking confessions
1821 │ Fabrication of evidence
1822 │ Access to a lawyer
1825 │ Trial
1825 │ Indictment
1825 │ Courtroom conditions
1826 │ Witnesses
1828 │ Evidence
1829 │ Prosecution
1830 │ Defence
1833 │ Judges
1835 │ Decisions
1836 │ Appeal
1837 │ Imprisonment
1838 │ Trials and punishment of Indonesian security personnel
involved in the Santa Cruz massacre
1838 │ Conclusions
1842 │ The Jakarta trials, 1992
1843 │ Arrest
1843 │ Arrests in Jakarta
1844 │ The arrest in Denpasar, Bali
1845 │ Pre-trial detention
1846 │ Conditions of detention in Jakarta
1846 │ Conditions of detention in Denpasar, Bali
1847 │ Access to a lawyer
1848 │ Investigation
1849 │ Trial
1849 │ Indictment
1849 │ The charges against João Freitas da Camara
1850 │ The charges against Fernando de Araujo
1851 │ Courtroom conditions
1852 │ Witnesses
1852 │ Evidence
1852 │ Performance of defence counsel
1853│ Substance of the defence
1853 │ Decisions and sentences
1854 │ Appeal
1855 │ Conclusion
1856 │ The trial of Xanana Gusmão, 1993
1857 │ Pre-trial
1857 │ Arrest
1858 │ Pre-trial detention
1860 │ Investigation
1861 │ Access to a lawyer
1864 │ Trial
1864 │ Indictment
1865 │ Court-room conditions
1866 │ Language
1867 │ Witnesses
1869 │ Performance of defence counsel
1871 │ Xanana Gusmão’s defence plea
1873 │ Judges
1875 │ Application for clemency
1876 │ Judicial review
1876 │ The sentence
1877 │ Conclusion
1878 │ The Mahkota trial, 1997
1879 │ Arrest
1880 │ Pre-trial detention
1882 │ Access to a lawyer
1883 │ Investigation
1884 │ The trial
1884 │ Indictment
1886 │ The openness of the trial
1886 │ Witnesses
1887 │ Evidence
1887 │ Performance of defence lawyers
1888 │ The defence case
1889 │ Performance of judges
1890 │ Decision and sentences
1891 │ Appeal
1891 │ Conclusion
1892 │ Findings
Part 7.7. Rape, Sexual Slavery and Other
Forms of Sexual Violence
1913 │ Introduction
1916 │ Definition and methodology
1918 │ Culture of silence
1919 │ Rape
1921 │ Rape in the context of inter-party conflict (1975)
1921 │ Rape by UDT party members
1921 │ Rape by members of Fretilin and Falintil
1922 │ Rape during the Indonesian occupation (1975–1999)
1923 │ Rape by members of Falintil
1924 │ Rape by members of the Indonesian armed forces and their
auxiliaries: during the invasion and large-scale operations
(1975–1984)
1925 │ A. Rape at the time of surrender (1975–1979)
1927 │ B. Gang rape as part of military attacks
1928 │ C. Rape at military installations
1928 │ Box: Rape at the Uatolari Koramil (Sub-district Military Command Post)
1979–1981
1931 │ Box: Rape of male detainees
1934 │ Box: Rape of female detainees in the Flamboyan Hotel
1938 │ D. Other rapes
1940 │ Rape during consolidation of the occupation (1985–1998)
1940 │ A. Rape in detention
1942 │ B. Rape without legal recourse
1945 │ C. Rape in and around the victim’s home
1947 │ Box: Testimony and evidence from Mário Viegas Carrascalão on
violence against women from 1982 to 1992
1949 │ Rape and the Popular Consultation
1950 │ A. Rapes before the Popular Consultation (April–August 1999)
1954 │ B. Rapes after the announcement of the Popular
Consultation results (September–October 1999)
1957 │ Box: The rape and killing of ZE, 11 September 1999
1960 │ Box: Rape and sexual slavery after the Suai Church Massacre,
6 September 1999
1967 │ Sexual slavery
1969 │ The victim’s perspective
1970 │ Sexual slavery in the context of inter-party conflict
1971 │ Sexual slavery during the Indonesian occupation (1975–1999)
1971 │ Sexual slavery during the invasion and large-scale operations
(1975–1984)
1971 │ A. Military sexual slavery in military installations
1975 │ B. Military sexual slavery outside military installations
1976 │ C. Domestic sexual slavery
1979 │ D. Consecutive domestic sexual slavery
1982 │ E. Case study: rape and sexual slavery in Mau Chiga, Ainaro
1983 │ E.1 Internment in Dare, Ainaro
1990 │ E.2 Internment on the island of Ataúro, Dili
1991 │ E.3 Internment in Dotik (Alas, Manufahi)
1992 │ Box: Testimony of XH, Mau Chiga, Hato Builico, Ainaro
1995 │ Sexual slavery during consolidation of the occupation (1985–1998)
1996 │ Box: Testimony of MI, Lalerek Mutin, Viqueque
1999 │ Sexual slavery by members of Falintil
1999 │ Sexual slavery and the Popular Consultation (1999)
2000 │ Box: Rape and sexual slavery by Halilintar militia in Atabae,
Bobonaro
2006 │ Other forms of sexual violence
2006 │ Other forms of sexual violence in the context of inter-party conflict
2007 │ Other forms of sexual violence during the Indonesian occupation
(1975–1999)
2007 │ Sexual torture and humiliation in detention
2012 │ Box: Testimony of DK, Mehara, Tutuala
2015 │ Photographing of detainees
2018 │ Public sexual humiliation
2020 │ Sexual harassment
2022 │ The impact of sexual violations on victims
2023 │ Reproductive health
2024 │ Unsafe abortions
2025 │ Mental health
2027 │ Spiral of victimisation
2027 │ Self-blame
2028 │ Blaming the victim
2029 │ Loss of virginity, loss of marriage opportunities
2030 │ Survival and discrimination against children
2032 │ Marital separation or reconciliation
2033 │ Findings
2033 │ Sexual violations by members of Fretilin and UDT
2034 │ Sexual violations by members of Falintil
2034 │ Rape and sexual torture by members of the Indonesian security
forces
2037 │ Impunity for perpetrators of rape and sexual torture
2038 │ Sexual slavery
2039 │ Impunity for perpetrators of sexual slavery
2039 │ Sexual violations as a tool of terror and degradation
2040 │ Total number of victims of sexual violations
2040 │ Impact on victims
Part 7.8. Violation of the Rights of the Child
2055 │ Introduction
2059 │ Research methods
2059 │ Children in the armed political conflicts and the clandestine
movement
2061 │ Children as TBOs and on operations
2062 │ Patterns of recruitment of TBOs
2063 │ Box: The status of TBOs in the military
2064│ The number of child TBOs
2065 │ Why ABRI recruited children as TBOs
2067 │ Reasons for joining
2067 │ Coercion
2069 │ Duties
2070 │ Conditions and treatment
2071 │ Box: The everyday life of a TBO:
“If we died, it didn’t matter”
2072 │ Fatalities
2074 │ Payment
2074 │ Post-service
2075 │ Children on operations: Operation Security
2077 │ Children recruited by pro-autonomy militias
2078 │ Methods of recruitment
2081 │ Activities
2082 │ Child militia members killed or disappeared
2082 │ Impact
2083 │ Children in the clandestine network
2084│ How children became involved
2086 │ Reasons for joining the Resistance
2087 │ Impact
2087 │ Estafeta
2089 │ Children as spies and lookouts
2090 │ Campaigning
2093 │ Children in Falintil
2093 │ Recruitment
2093 │ 1975–1979
2097 │ 1980–1989
2098 │ 1990–1999
2098 │ Training
2099 │ Risks involved in joining Falintil
2100 │ Demobilisation and conversion to FDTL
2101 │ Arbitrary detention, killings and sexual violence perpetrated
against children
2101 │Arbitrary detention and torture
2101 │ Introduction
2101 │ Patterns of detention of minors
2104 │ Detentions by the Indonesian authorities
2104 │ 1975–1979
2106 │ 1980–1988
2108 │ Box: A child on Ataúro
2111 │ 1989–1998
2112 │ Box: The testimony of Naldo Gil da Costa
2113 │ 1999
2114 │ Detentions by UDT
2115 │ Detentions by Fretilin
2117 │Killings and disappearances
2117 │ Introduction
2117 │ Profile of violations
2120 │ Invasion and military operations
2120 │ 1975–1979
2122 │ 1980–1988
2123 │ 1989–1998
2124 │ 1999
2126 │ Killings of children by Fretilin and Falintil
2126 │ The period of party conflict
2128 │ 1975–1979
2129 │ Falintil attacks
2130 │Sexual violations
2131 │ Patterns of violations
2132 │ 1974–1979
2134 │ 1980–1989
2135 │ Box: Prosecution of rape of a minor, Dili Court, 1982
2138 │ 1990–1998
2138 │ 1999
2139 │ Box: ZM (as told by her aunt, ZM1, in November 1999)
2141│ The transfer of children to Indonesia
2143 │ The number of children sent to Indonesia
2144 │ Patterns over the mandate period
2144 │ 1976–1979
2144 │ Children taken by individual soldiers
2145 │ Box: The Seroja Orphanage
2147 │ Box: Yuliana (Bileki)
2148 │ Box: Abduction of a baby in Ermera
2150 │ Box: Forced adoption: Aida’s story
2150 │ Was the removal of children official military policy?
2151 │ Transfer by government officials and charitable
organisations
2152 │ Box: “The President’s Children”
2153 │ 1980–1989
2154 │ Box: The case of Thomas da Costa
2155 │ Religious institutions and the transfer of children
2156 │ 1990–1998
2156 │ Children taken by religious institutions
2157 │ Programmes of the Ministries of Education and
Manpower
2158 │ 1999
2161 │ Conditions for children living in Indonesia
2162 │ Loss of cultural identity
2163 │ Mistreatment
2163 │ Box: Alfredo Reinado Alves’ story
2165 │ Findings and conclusion
2166 │ Children in armed conflict and the clandestine movement
2166 │ Children used by the Indonesian military as TBOs (Operations
Assistants)
2167 │ Children in Falintil and in clandestine movement
2168 │ Children recruited by pro-autonomy militias in 1999
2169 │ Inhuman treatment of children
2169 │ Arbitrary detention
2171 │ Arbitrary killing of children
2173 │ Sexual violence committed against children
2175 │ The transfer of children to Indonesia
Part 7.9. Economic and Social Rights
2191│ Introduction
2194 │Box: The duties of an occupying power relating to social
and economic conditions
2195 │ The Commission’s work on economic and social rights
2195 │ Social and economic rights and other rights
2197│ The right to an adequate standard of living
2197 │ Development and government spending
2202 │ The coffee sector
2203 │ Management of the coffee sector under Indonesian administration
2204 │ The value of the coffee sector
2208 │ Military involvement in the East Timorese economy
2208 │ Right of a people to dispose of natural resources
2208 │ Sandalwood
2209 │ Forest cover
2210 │ The Timor Sea
2211 │ The right to food
2213 │ Box: Economic and social impacts of “resettlement camps”
2216 │ Housing and land
2219 │ Box: Economic effects of the 1999 scorched earth policy
2221 │ Right to health
2221 │ The meaning of the “right to health”
2222 │ Public health under Portuguese rule
2223 │ The Indonesian occupation
2223 │ Infant and mother mortality and child development
2224 │ Reduction of disease
2225 │ Access to health services
2226 │Box: Economic and social impact of displacement to
West Timor in 1999
2227 │ Coerced birth control
2233 │ Mental health and trauma
2235│ Box: Forced recruitment
2237 │ Right to education
2237 │ Box: The right to education
2243 │ Findings
2243 │ General findings
2244 │ Specific findings
2244 │ The right to an adequate standard of living
2244 │ Development and government spending
2244 │ Rights over natural resources
2245 │ The right to adequate food
22245 │ Housing and land
2245 │ Rights to health and education

Contents of volume 4
Contents
xi │ Map of Timor-Leste
2253 │ Part 8: Responsibility and Accountability
2262│Introduction
2261│State, institutional and individual responsibility
2264│Legal killings and detentions
2265│The focus on institutional responsibility
2265│Principal findings
2265│The State of Indonesia and the Indonesian security forces
2268│The systematic programme of violations in 1999
2269│Principal findings on the responsibility of Fretilin
2270│Principal findings on the responsibility of the UDT political party
2272│Principal findings on the responsibility of the Apodeti political
party
2272│Principal findings on the responsibility of the KOTA and
Trabalhista parties
2273│Methodology for identification of institutional
responsibility
2275│Perpetrator identification in the human rights violations
database
2276│Responsibility and accountability of the Indonesian
security forces
2277│Evidence relied on in this section
2277│Violations committed by members of the Indonesian security
forces
2315│Individual responsibility for widespread and systematic
violations
2315│High-level responsibility
2330│Responsibility and accountability of the East Timorese
political parties
2332│The responsibility and accountability of Fretilin/Falintil
2345│The responsibility and accountability of the UDT political party
2351│The responsibility and accountability of the Apodeti party
2352│The responsibility and accountability of the Trabalhista and
KOTA parties
2353│State responsibility
2353│Responsibility of the State of Indonesia
2355│Responsibility of the State of Portugal
2357│Responsibility of the State of Australia
2358│Responsibility of the United States of America
2360│Responsibility of the United Nations
2361│Annexe 1: Responsibility of the Indonesian security forces
for violations committed in 1999
2361│Introduction
2365│Responsibility of the TNI for the violations
2365│Members of the TNI as direct perpetrators of violations
2367│The responsibility of the TNI for the actions of militia groups
2378│TNI knowledge, threats and warnings before the mass violence
in September 1999
2379│The failure of the TNI to punish perpetrators/institutional
rewards to those involved
2381│The role of members of the Indonesian police
2382│Collaboration and participation of officials of the Indonesian
local and central government
2384│Findings and conclusions
2385│Conclusions
2386│Annexe 2: Command responsibility
2406│Annexe 3: Persons with high-level command responsibility
2413│Annexe 4: Careers of selected Indonesian officers who
served in Timor-Leste
2421 │ Part 9: Community Reconciliation
2427│Introduction
2427│Overview of this part
2429│Background
2434│Origins of the Community Reconciliation Process/CRP
2437│The Community Reconciliation Process
2437│Objectives of the process
2438│The procedural framework
2442│CRP’s reliance on both lisan and law
2442│Implementation of the CRP programme
2442│Staff
2443│Timeline
2443│Initial challenges
2444│Community involvement
2445│The CRP hearing
2453│The role of lisan in the hearings
2460│Results of the CRP programme
2460│Overall
2464│Number of deponents in a CRP
2464│Actions dealt with by CRP
2464│Acts of reconciliation
2466│The effectiveness of the CRP programme
2466│Reintegrating perpetrators into their communities
2468│Restoring the dignity of victims
2468│Establishing the truth about human rights violations
2471│Promoting reconciliation
2472│Lessons learned
2474│Broader impacts of the CRP programme
2474│CRP as a symbol of the end of the conflict
2475│Contribution to the fight against impunity
2477│CRP’s contribution to capacity building
2478│CRP: a unique approach to justice
2481│Reflections
2481│Conclusion
2482│Unfinished business
2483│The future of the CRP
2487 │ Part 10: Acolhimento and Victim Support
2493│Introduction
2494│Structure of the Unit
2494│Interpretation
2498│Reception and outreach
2498│Background
2500│Monitoring recent returnees
2503│Outreach to West Timor
2512│Restoring the dignity of victims
2512│Introduction
2513│Public Hearings
2526│Healing workshops
2536│Urgent reparations
2544│Community profiles
2560│Lessons learned
2567│ Part 11: Recommendations
2573│Introduction
2573│Recommendations
2575│Timor-Leste and the international community
2577│Timor-Leste and Portugal
2578│Human rights in Timor-Leste: promoting and protecting all
rights for all
2585│Human rights at home: promoting and protecting the rights of
the vulnerable
2588│Human rights at home: promoting and protecting human rights
through effective institutions
2593│Human rights at home: security services that protect and
promote human rights
2597│Justice and truth
2604│Reconciliation
2606│Reconciliation in the East Timorese political community
2607│Reconciliation with Indonesia
2610│Acolhimento (Reception)
2612│Reparations
2622│Follow-on institution to the CAVR

Contents of volume 5
2625 │ Annexe 1: Timor-Leste 1999:
Crimes against Humanity —
Report Commissioned by the United Nations Office of the High
Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) by Geoffrey Robinson, UCLA
2633│Preface
2636│ Executive summary
2637 │Method and mandate
2638│Outline and conclusions
2640│Historical and political context
2640│Indonesian invasion and occupation
2643│Resistance
2644│International response
2646│Breakthrough in Indonesia
2648│UNAMET and the Popular Consultation
2651│Indonesia: power and strategy
2652│The Indonesian Armed Forces
2656│The Militias
2658│The Indonesian Police
2659│The civilian government and the ‘socialisation’ campaign
2661│Pro-autonomy political parties
2662│Specialised government bodies
2664│Violations, victims and perpetrators
2665│Types of violation
2669│Chronology of violations: three periods
2672│Victims
2677│The perpetrators
2680│Patterns and variations
2680│Temporal variation – turning off the faucet
2685│Police inaction and complicity
2688│Militia modus operandi
2691│Geographical variations
2695│Six key documents
2695│Operation Clean Sweep
2697│The Tavares Document
2698│The Garnadi Document
2700│The East Timor Integration Savior Brigade Telegram
2702│Operation Pull-Out
2705 │Militias: history, formation and legal recognition
2706 │Historical patterns
2710 │Militia formation
2716 │Political and legal recognition
2721 │Militias: recruitment, training, operations and weapons
2721 │Recruitment and membership
2724 │Training
2726 │Operations
2729 │Weapons: testimonial evidence
2733 │Weapons: documentary evidence
2736 │Militias: funding and material support
2736 │‘Socialisation’ and militia funding
2740 │Sources of government funding
2745 │TNI funding and material support
2748 │FPDK as funding channel
2749 │Militia budgets
2752 │District summaries
2752 │Aileu (Kodim 1632)
2755 │Ainaro (Kodim 1633)
2759 │Baucau (Kodim 1628)
2762 │Bobonaro (Kodim 1636)
2768 │Covalima (Kodim 1635)
2771 │Dili (Kodim 1627)
2777 │Ermera (Kodim 1637)
2782 │Lautém (Kodim 1629)
2786 │Liquiçá (Kodim 1638)
2792 │Manatuto (Kodim 1631)
2797 │Manufahi (Kodim 1634)
2800 │Oecussi (Kodim 1639)
2802 │Viqueque (Kodim 1630)
2805 │Case studies: major human rights incidents
2806 │Liquiçá church massacre (6 April 1999)
2810 │Cailaco killings (12 April 1999)
2813 │Carrascalão house massacre (17 April 1999)
2818 │The killing of two students at Hera (20 May 1999)
2819 │Arbitrary detention and rape in Lolotoe (May-June 1999)
2821 │Attack on UNAM ET Maliana (29 June 1999)
2824 │Attack on humanitarian convoy (4 July 1999)
2828 │Murder of UNAM ET staff members at Boboe Leten (30 August 1999)
2831 │Forcible relocation and murder of refugees in Dili (5-6 September
1999)
2835 │Suai church massacre (6 September 1999)
2839 │Maliana Police Station massacre (8 September 1999)
2844 │The Passabe and Maquelab massacres (September-October 1999)
2846 │Rape and murder of Ana Lemos (13 September 1999)
2849 │The Battalion 745 rampage (20-21 September 1999)
2854 │Murder of Lospalos clergy (25 September 1999)
2856 │Individual and command responsibility
2857 │Individual criminal responsibility
2860 │Command responsibility
2871 │International responsibility
2871 │International responsibility
2876 │UN responsibility: the question of justice
2906 │Note on sources
2907 │Note on the author
2909 │ Annexe 2: Data and statistical methods
2915 │Introduction
2915 │Relevance of empirical data analysis to the Commission’s mandate
2916 │Data sources
2917 │The Human Rights Violations Database (HRVD)
2924 │Retrospective Mortality Survey (RMS)
2927 │Graveyard Census Database (GCD)
2928 │Methodological description of data editing, cleaning and
name normalisation techniques
2928 │Database cleaning and editing
2929 │Date editing and cleaning
2929 │Age editing and cleaning
2930 │Violation and relationship codes editing and cleaning
2930 │Geographic location code editing and cleaning
2930 │GCD de-duplication of cemeteries and graves
2931 │Name-cleaning processes
2934 │Data conversion
2935 │Record linkage overview
2935 │Matching rules
2938 │Intra-system matching
2941 │Inter-system matching
2944 │Data processing of reported violations involving groups
of anonymous victims
2946 │Statistical estimation techniques used in the analysis of
fatal violations and displacements
2946 │RMS weight calculations
2947 │RMS date assignment for displacement analysis
2948 │RMS weight adjustments for mortality estimates
2949 │Sensitivity analysis of assumptions in mortality re-weighting
2950 │Multiple Systems Estimation (MSE): motivation and theory
2952 │Allocating GCD by type of death
2953 │Sensitivity analysis of the loss of social knowledge: adjustments
for underestimates
2957 │ Annexe 3: Indictment Summaries
2964│Indictment summaries by district
2964│Aileu
2965│Ainaro
2967│Baucau
2968│Bobonaro
2978│Covalima
2986│Dili
2992│Ermera
2994│Lautém
2997│Liquiçá
2999│Manatuto
3000│Manufahi
3002│Oecussi
3007│Viqueque
3008│West Timor
3008│National indictment
3011 │ Annexe 4: Acknowledgements
3013│Introduction
3014│Donors
3015│Submissions
3016│Participants in National Public Hearings
3020│The CA VR Community
3040│Those who gave statements to CA VR
3040│Those who participated in CRP
3040│Participants in healing workshops
3047 │ List of Terms and Abbreviations
3071 │ Index

Commission for Reception, Truth, and Reconciliation

Chega! A plain guide

A Plain Guide! sumamrizes the 5-volume Chega! final report.

Contents
1 │ Foreword by Archbishop Desmond Tutu
3 │ Preface by Rev. Agustinho de Vasconselos
5 │ Section 1: Background to the Commission
9 │ Section 2: The Work of the Commission
11 │ Section 3: The Final Report
12 │ Is there anything new in the Commission’s findings?
14 │ Frequently asked questions about the CA VR’s
death toll estimates
14 │ How many people died from conflict-related deaths in
Timor-Leste between 1974 and 1999?
14 │ When did the largest number of “excess” deaths due to hunger
and disease occur?
14 │ When did the largest number of unlawful killings and
disappearances occur?
15 │ Where did the killings take place?
15 │ How precise are the Commission’s estimates of the death toll?
19 │ Section 4: Human Rights Violations
19 │ Forced displacement and famine
21 │ Famine and displacement in the late 1970s: the evidence
24 │ Displacement and its impact in the 1980s
25 │ Displacement in 1999
26 │ Unlawful killings and enforced disappearances
26 │ Terror and impunity
27 │ Methods of execution
28 │ Unlawful killings related to military operations
30 │ Systematic killings and disappearances of targeted individuals
and groups
31 │ Collective and proxy punishment of civilians by ABRI/TNI
33 │ 1985–1998: a continuing climate of impunity
34 │ 1999
35 │ Arbitrary detention, torture and ill-treatment
36 │ Arbitrary detention
37 │ Conditions of detention
37 │ Torture and ill-treatment
38 │ Methods of torture
40 │ Sexual violence
41 │ Sexual violence inside Indonesian military installations
42 │ Sexual slavery
43 │ Political trials
45 │ Violations of children’s rights
46 │ Violations of the laws of war
46 │ Attacks on civilians and civilian assets
47 │ Mistreatment of enemy combatants
47 │ The destruction and theft of property and other assets
48 │ The use of illegal weapons
48 │ Forced recruitment
49 │ Economic and social rights
53 │ Section 5: Institutional Responsibility
53 │ The statistics of institutional responsibility
53 │ Indonesian security forces
54 │ The Resistance
54 │ UD T
55 │ Institutional responsibility of the Indonesian security forces
56 │ The responsibility of specific units of the Indonesian security
forces
57 │ Individual and command responsibility of the Indonesian security
forces and their auxiliaries
59 │ Responsibility for the mass violations of 1999
62 │ Institutional responsibility of the East Timorese political parties
62 │ The internal armed conflict
62 │ Principal findings on the responsibility of the Resistance
65 │ Forced displacement and famine
66 │ Principal findings on the responsibility of UDT
68 │ Principal findings on the responsibility of Apodeti
69 │ Section 6: State Responsibility
69 │ Responsibility of the State of Indonesia
71 │ Responsibility of the State of Portugal
73 │ Responsibility of the State of Australia
74 │ Responsibility of the United States of America
76 │ Responsibility of the United Nations
79 │ Section 7: Reconciliation
83 │ Section 8: Acolhimento and Victim Support
84 │ Public hearings at the national and sub-district levels
86 │ An Urgent Reparations Program for victims
87 │ Healing workshops at the Commission’s national
headquarters
87 │ Village-level participatory workshops, called Community
P rofile Workshops, to discuss and record the impact of the
conflict on communities
89 │ Section 9: Recommendations
90 │ Overview
93 │ Justice: an international approach
95 │ Reparations
97 │ A targeted reparations program to alleviate the plight of the
neediest
98 │ Acknowledgement
98│ Upholding human rights in Timor-Leste
100 │ Reconciliation
102 │ The Commission’s archives
102 │ The follow-on institution

Commission for Reception, Truth, and Reconciliation

Various documents 3

This document contains sixty-six separate documents.
It includes:

  1. A page of photographs from the OPORTO Conference in Sydney (June 1996). The top centre photo is of Fretilin. Top Right is Jim Audrey (Author of Free East Timor) and people from ACFOA Human Rights Office.

  2. The cover of “A Humble Backbencher - The memoirs of Ken Fry, MHR Fraser, 1974-1984” 2002.

  3. Various pages of “Timor Nia Klamar” 1997.

  4. A page with two photographs. The first is the cover of the ‘National Aboriginal Newspaper.’ The second is the Canberra protest against British Aerospace export to Indonesia, 1996.

  5. A flyer for ‘Benefit Night for East Timor’ which will take place on November 24th, 1999 in Sydney.

  6. Two documents. The first is from the Catholics in Coalition for Justice and Peace about the Seminar with Nobel Peace Prize Winner Jose Ramos Horta. It gives a short description why he won his Nobel Peace Prize and when the event will take place. The second is the invitation. He will speak on May 26th 1997 in Strathfield. The topic is “East Timor and Its Future.” | Two pages

  7. A photograph of a protest. Darwin Action re-enactment of Santa Cruz Massacre, Protest. The photo is from Rob Wesley-Smith.

  8. A flyer for ‘East Timor Women’s Benefit Night’ on May 28th, 1996. It was organized by Jefferson Lee and Timor Special Projects on behalf of AETA in Sydney.

  9. A flyer for, “East Timor: Its Future in the Asia Pacific” a public education and dialogue conference from June 21st - June 24th 1996 in Sydney. Some examples of topics: Modern history of East Timor, East Timorese political organizations, Asia Pacific perspectives on East Timor, etc. There will be over 40 international guests. On the reserve of the flyer is registration clip-off. | 2 pages.

  10. A flyer for ‘A Benefit for East Timor’ with Enda Kenny performing on November 3rd, 1996. The benefit is in conjunction with Australia East Timor Association and Timor Special Projects.

  11. Two photographs. East Timor Solidarity were denied access to the National Folk Festival during a performance by Indonesian Embassy sponsored performance. Gareth Smith from Canberra ‘People for Peace’ organized a protest at the gate of the National Exhibition Centre - Venue of the Folk Festival (1996). Gareth Smith then a Canberra teacher disrupted Indonesian Embassy Open Day (August 17th, 1992) with a banner protesting Santa Cruz Massacre. The Embassy was forced to shut its doors. Gareth also forced closure of Air Show in Canberra when there was BAE. He was an observer in 1999 and now works with Byron Bar, NSW, Friendship Group.

  12. A flyer for “Rebuilding East Timor” on August 30th, 2002. Some of the keynote speakers are, Frank Brennan, James Dunn, Shirley Shackleton, John Martinkus, Max Stahl and Martin Wesley-Smith. The conference was presented by AETA, RIAP (Uni of Sydney), Aidwatch, Otford Press, Friends of Maliana, Sydney City Council

  13. A page of photographs. They look taken at a fair or conference. One of the photos is of a sign entitled, ‘East Timor Handcrafts.’ The descriptions are blurry.

  14. A sign that reads, “War criminal allowed to “cut and run” by Iemma and Downer.” Iemma is the Premier of NSW. Iemma who invited the Governor of Jakarta to Sydney for a business trade exchange. 2007.

  15. A page of photographs. Blues Bands for Xmas Party, ‘Friends of Maliana’ fundraiser - Leichhardt, Jeff Lee’s Backyard. 2008.

  16. A page of photographs. Timor Activists in Sydney. Abel Catering at Manly - Oe-cussi event (?)

  17. A page of six photographs entitled, ‘some Media Workers in East Timor 2005.’ One is of volunteers at the Max Stahl - National Audio-Visual Archive, Xanana Gusmao Reading room, Luke Gosling (Timor Lives CD) from Metinaro Army base with Unicef worker and Ina Bainbridge, co-editor of weekly English language paper ‘Timor Sun,’ Music programmer, community radio station Pante Oe-cussi.

  18. A photograph of Bridie Kind, Sydney ‘Boogie Queen’ performing at ‘Poptarts’ Timor Benefit.

  19. Two documents. The first entitled, ‘Timor - Give them a radio, Mr. Fraser - Let them be heard, for pity’s sake!’ The second is Paul Kelly in Timor Leste in 2006 and a Newsletter from the Australian National Maritime Museum (Sydney) Fretilin Radio 1976-7 | 2 pages.

  20. A poster entitled, “AUSTCARE East Timor Appeal” with the phone number to donate money to AUSTCARE. AUSTCARE Campaign Response to 2006 Crisis.

  21. A page of photographs from “A Dirty Little War” book launch. July 2001.

  22. A poem entitled, “Paddy McGuinness” by Denis Kevans. He wrote this poem to support Maliana Library Project in Sydney, Australia. 2000.

  23. A page with two photographs. The first is Rob Wesley-Smith with Ego Lemos and Cinque D’Oriente in Darwin, 1st tour of Australia. The second is Dancers at the Fretilin Rally, July 2001 in a stadium.

  24. A page of photographs. Top left: Timor Leste Embassy Opening Canberra December 2003. Bottom Left: Jeff Lee at Opening. Top Right: Dili, guest house - July 2001. Centre Right: Wes x Cinque D’Oriente. Bottom right: July 2001.

  25. A page with two photographs. Dr. Stephen Feld (USA Universities) expert on West Papua with Rex. 2006.

  26. A tribute collection in the newspaper with various articles stitched together about Denis Kevans. On the first page, it includes, “Witty Voice of a human generation,” Three poems form ‘the Great Prawa War’ with a photo of Denis reciting at New Writers Centre, 1995 & ‘Ah, white man, have you any sacred sites?’ The second page is a compilation of poems that were compiled by Jeff Lee. 2005. | 2 pages.

  27. A page of photographs from a Fretilin Rally, July 2001, stadium in Dili.

  28. A flyer entitled, ‘Free West Papua’ for a benefit concert. West Papua Cultural group Tour of Australia 2005.

  29. A page of photographs. Top Left: Timor choir reunion in Sydney. Middle Top: AETA meeting, late 2006. Top Right: Timor protest 2002, Sydney. Bottom Right: Andrew McNaughtan talking at AETA Rally in 1997.

  30. A page of photographs. Coro Loro Sae Reunion - Sydney. The photos were taken by Jeff Lee.

  31. A photograph of Bernadette Conndle, a volunteer in August 30th 2009. She is reciting Maliana poem.

  32. A flyer for the Friends of Malian Benefit in Sydney in April 2009.

  33. A photograph of Denis Kevans who was the leading political poet in Australia launching Xanana Gusmao collection of poems and Defence Statement from trial. Denis Kevans wrote “Your friends will never forget you” based on leaflet about Timor Leste. He also wrote a poem about conservative Councillor P.P. McGuinness who opposed Library project in Maliana. 2006.

  34. The book cover for Xanana Gusmao’s book. Timor Lives! speeches of freedom and independence with a foreword by the Honourable Justice Marcus Einfeld. 2006.

  35. Cover of Juan Federer Book entitled, “The UN in East Timor: building Timor Leste, a fragile state. 2005.

  36. A page of photograph from Marly - Oecussi Friendship Launch in Sydney 2009.

  37. A page of four photographs all taken by Jeff Lee in July 2001. The descriptions read: Nuis for sale on Road sale - Dili to Baucau, Timor Troops on training at army base in Metinaro, Harold Maiche, ex-NSW Fretilin in Dili at basketball stadium before National TV debate, Da Silva at Football stadium with Melbourne Fretilin activist at Fretilin Rally.

  38. A photograph of protesters at the Sydney Protest at Darling Harbour over the Timor Oil Issue in 2004. Their sign reads “Timor Gap Treaty Shame Australia.”

  39. A flyer for a Fundraiser for Maliana at The Balmain Town Hall. The fundraiser is to refurbish the town Gymnasium building. There will be performances by Timor Leste Cultural Groups and a showing of “A Hero’s Journey.” June 17th, 2007.

  40. A page of photographs. There is no description to the photos. It seems to be a fundraiser or concert by the Australia East Timor Friendship Association. There are two photos of performers and others with a large crowd gathered.

  41. A page of photographs of the ‘Shooting Balibo” book launch in Sydney in May 2009.

  42. A page of photographs from the 5th Andrew McNaughton Memorial Lecture December 2008. Lecture by Juan Federer, John Maynard (Producer Balibo), James Thomas.

  43. A page of photographs. Left: Roger Kid tour organizer Cinquo D’Orielle 2009 and Jeff Lee at Womad Festival, May 2009.

  44. A page of photographs of Paddy Kenneally WW2 ‘Sparrowforce’ Funeral in May 2009 in Sydney with the Ambassador from Timor Lester, Hernani Coeller Da Silva, Abel

  45. A protest poster outside National ALP Conference in Sydney, 2003. The poster reads, ‘Give East Timor a fairer share of their oil and gas resources that can be done with the stroke of a pen’

  46. A page of photographs taken in July 2001 at a book launch.The Bottom Right has Steven Sewell pictured. The descriptions are blurry.

  47. A page of photographs from the “Pop Tarts” for Timor - Queen’s Birthday 2005 Empire Hotel, Annandale, $820.00 raised for Alola Foundation Project in Maliana.

  48. A page of photographs from Dr. Andy McNaughtan (inaugural) Memorial Lecture 2004

  49. A photo of a women in Timor in 1974 from Elaine Briere’s Book.

  50. A page of photographs from a BBQ for Maliana at Jeff’s place. 2008. Leichhardt.

  51. A book cover of ‘Shakedown - Australia’s grab for Timor oil’ by Paul Cleary. 2006.

  52. A flyer for East timor Cultural Day (of Solidarity & Celebration) on May 17th. It includes the program of events which includes a Book Launch. 2004.

  53. A flyer for Austcare entitled, “Join Austcare explore East Timor and at the same time raise much needed funds for Austcare’s East Timor projects.” It’s a 10 day exploratory journey of East Timor escorted by Austcare’s CEO Mike Smith. 2005.

  54. A page of photographs with no description. The photos seem to be taken at an event that includes hiking or camping because there is multiple shots of mountains and of a map. 2007.

  55. A page of photographs of Oecussi in July 2005 with “Don” from Melbourne.

  56. A page of photographs. Bottom Left: Vaughan Williams, Darwin activist with Tim Fisher. Bottom Right: Lynelall Barry, also Marella Dod and Irena Steph.

  57. A photograph of Hai Tien Lee with boy he photographed in Sydney Morning Herald that was shot in Dili (30 August 1999) This photo was taken at reunion two years later in August 2001. H.T.Lee was a journalist inside UN Compound who initiated petition to Ian Martin (September 1999)

  58. A cover of a book entitled, “The East Timor Problem and the Role of Europe” which was Edited by Pedro Pinto Leite for the International Platform of Jurista for East Timor.

  59. A book cover for, “East Timor - A Decade of Development”

  60. A book cover for, “East Timor Develops” which seems to have been written by the Indonesian Government.

  61. A pamphlet entitled, “Welcome to Indonesia East Timor” created by the Provincial Tourism Office Timor Timur in Dili. The contents are fairly blurry but it has two sides and four panels. | 3 pages.

  62. A poster that reads, “This is what the Indonesian Army uses for birth control in East Timor” and pictured is a bullet.

  63. A poster separated in two. The first half reads, “Wanted for crimes against humanity” and the Ex-Indonesian President Suharto (for genocide in East Timor and mass murder in Indonesia and for plundering’ Indonesia’s wealth for 30 years) and Indonesian President Habibie (for sending thousands more troops into East Timor and for more massacres in East Timor and Indonesia) are pictured. The second half reads, “Unwanted for crimes against democracy” with Foreign Affairs Minister Axworthy (for kowtowing to dictators and letting them dictate Canada’s foreign policy) and Prime Minister Jean Chrétien (for putting trade ahead of human rights abroad and in Canada) are pictured. The poster was created by ETAN.

  64. The East Timor Project - Volume 1, An Anthology: Essays on the Political Economy of East Timor by João Mariano de Sousa Saldanha. It only includes the cover and the table of contents. | 3 pages.

  65. A flag that reads, “Stop!! Funding Genocide in East Timor” with a drawing of a bloody hand holding a bag of money that says ‘U.S. Tax International Monetary Fund for President Suharto of Indonesia.’ The bag of money is held over a dead woman. The flag was created by ETAN.

  66. A bag with handcuffs in them. Original hand cuffs as used during the 1995 hand cuff actions in The Netherlands in solidarity with Timorese students who occupied the Dutch Embassy in Jakarta. | 2 pages.

Various documents

This document includes fifty separate documents:
It includes:

  1. A document with two photographs. The first entitled, “Osaka, Japan” with the description: 1999, May: Laura Abrantes speaks at a meeting in Osaka, organized by the ‘Free East Timor! Japan Coalition (FETJC).’ The second is entitled, “Osaka, Japan” with the description: 1999, Maiu: Mika Barreto speaks at peace gathering of university students in Osaka.

  2. A photograph entitled, “Osaka, Japan” with the description: 1999, May: Domingas Alves speaks about violence against East Timorese women, at a meeting in Osaka.

  3. A poster with the title: “7 de Dezembro Dia Internacional de Solidariedade com Timor-Leste. Que Viva o Povo de Timor-Leste” (7 December International Day of Solidarity with Timor-Leste! May the People of Timor-Leste Live) With the photograph of people for Timor. | Portuguese

  4. A poster with the title: “Happy Birthday (East) Timor” with cartoon of tanks approaching a sign that says East Timor.

  5. A poster with photos of East Timorese victims with the East Timorese flag.

  6. A poster with the drawing of a person tied to a pole with bullet wounds all over his body and his face is covered by a mask. He is also tied up by his waist and he is bleeding out. The word “Stop!” is written in the background in orange.

  7. A poster that says: ‘Freedom for East Timor.’ The is a sketch of someone who is trying to paint Free East Timor on the wall but is shot before he is able to finish. There is six other bullet holes on the wall.

  8. A poster that says: “Stop” in english and Japanese (?) with a stop of a person tied to a chair with blue pants on and no shirt that has been shot many times.

  9. A poster that says “Remember Santa Cruz” with a photo of protesters attached to it.

  10. A poster entitled, “Santa Cruz Massacre, No Justice Yet!” with a photo of a young child in blue. There is also a subtitle written in Japanese under the title.

  11. A poster entitled, “Where are they? Those killed at Santa Cruz.” with a photo of victims of the violence in East Timor. There is also a subtitle in Japanese, probably a translation of above.

  12. A poster that is entitled, “Help! Free East Timor!” with a sketch of a person tied up who is getting knives thrown at him but they alluding that the knives are actually Jesus on the cross. (Osaka East Timor Association)

  13. A poster entitled, “What Suharto is doing in East Timor? Stop the Genocide.” Friday Dec 7 - Fourth Anniversary of Indonesia’s invasion. On the poster, there is a photograph of a starving East Timorese child.

  14. A poster entitled, “Rai Timor: Concerto de Lançamento do CD” (Rai Timor CD Release Concert) created by Comissāo para os Direitos do povo Maubere (Commission for the Rights of the Maubere People). It was to be released December 28th, 1997. | Portuguese

  15. A poster entitled, “Vi Jornadas de Timor da Universidade do Poto” (I saw Timor days at the University of Porto). It’s subtitle is: “Timor Leste uma responsabilidad internacional” (East Timor is an International responsibility). October 4-5 1994. | Portuguese

  16. A poster reading “Save East Timor” but the S, O, and S are larger to demonstrate to necessity of help within East Timor. The rest of the letters have photos of East Timorese people within them.

  17. A poster created by the Asia-Pacific Coalition for East Timor for the “East Timor and Beyond” the 5th Asia-Pacific Conference for East Timor that will be taking place on December 8th to 10th 2003.

  18. A poster entitled, “No Arms to Indonesia” with a cartoon of ship carrying arms towards Indonesia. The subtitle is : “Stop oppression of the people from East Timor, West Papua , Aceh and the Moluccas!”

  19. A poster created by the solidarity movement in The Netherlands. The half of the poster is black and the other is yellow.

  20. A poster for the 7th Jornadas de Timor da Universidade do Porto (Timor Days of the University of Porto) with the program attached.

  21. A poster entitled, “Boycott Bali!” with the description: Bali is the headquarters of the Udayana military region which includes occupied East Timor. Indonesian rule cost the lives of well over 200, 000 East Timorese and the deaths, Lisa appearances, imprisonments, torture, rape and cultural genocide continue - all result of military, operations directed from Bali!”

  22. A poster for the Popular Theatre Troupe which presents “Viva Indonesia!” A documentary musical about colonial powers, generals, American eagles and dinky Aussies. March 16th.

  23. A poster for a french film presentation entitled, “Timor-Est : 19 ans d’occupation militaire, 19 ans de résistance” (East Timor: 19 years of military occupation, 19 years of resistance) | French

  24. A poster of Xanana that features a sketch of him.

  25. A poster entitled, “Rally for a Free East Timor” with the subtitle: They’ll never forget November 12. Will you? The poster also has a small summary of what happened on November 12th. It is organized by AKSI, CNRM, Fretilin, UDT & AETA. Donated by AETA for Solidarity through the years. (August 2009)

  26. A handmade poster entitled, “East Timor: Public Meeting on Monday, March 26th about ‘Total annihilation of the population may be the cost’” It also includes the program of the meeting. It was organized jointly by Willis East Timor Association and Brunswicl Community Aid Abroad. Donated by AETA for Solidarity through the years. (August 2009)

  27. A poster entitled, “I’m still fighting” with the translation in Japanese below it. There is a photograph of Timorese Refugees with their traditional costumes, in Darwin on the poster. It also says, “East Timor is our country. We want to be Free and Peaceful! That is all we hope.” with the translation in Japanese.

  28. A flyer created by Zed Books about East Timor. (The photo is really blurry)

  29. A postcard with the photograph of Xanana Gusmāo on it that says, “Free Xanana Gusmāo!” created by the Asia-Pacific Coalition for East Timor. On the other side of the postcard, it is addressed to H.E. President Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie, Prime Minister of Indonesia. It urges him to release Gusmāo. One could sign and leave their address attached to the postcard. | 2 pages

  30. A book entitled, “The War Against East Timor” written by Carmel Budiardjo and Liem Soei Liong

  31. A poster entitled, “Free Xanana Now”

  32. A poster entitled, “Manifestatie Oost Timor (East Timor manifestation)” that will take place on December 10th, 1995 infant of the Indonesian Embassy in The Netherlands. It includes how to get there by bus or train. | Dutch

  33. A poster entitled, “In Indonesië worden nog steeds mensenrechten geschonden. Alleen nu doen ze het zelf” [Loose Translation: Human rights are still being violated in Indonesia. Only now they do it themselves] | Dutch

  34. A poster for “Semaine de Solidarité (Birmanie - Indonésie - Timor)” du 7 au 13 mars 2001 à l’Espace l’Harmattan in Paris. | In French

  35. A poster for “Semaine de Solidarité avec les peuples d’Indonésie et de Timor-Est” du 27 octobre - 2 novembre 1999 à l’Espace l’Harmattan à Paris. | In French

  36. A document with a cartoon sketch entitled, “Cartoon in national newspaper, The Netherlands.” The description is: 1992: This cartoon was published in a Dutch national newspaper with the title, Tabee! (Bye Bye). A famous Dutch cartoonist named Opland illustrated the broken relations between The Netherlands and Indonesia. The conflict started when the Dutch Minister of Development Aid expressed his concern about East Timor during an official meeting with President Suharto in Jakarta. The cartoon shows a worried official meeting with President Suharto in Jakarta. The cartoon shows a worried Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs Hans van den Broke and Minister Jan Pronk watching Indonesia breaking away. By their side is former Dutch-Indonesian colonial ruler Raymond Wasterling who waves his sword and says: “I would love to do something about this.” In reply, President Suharto states: “We have the right to create our own massacres.” | Dutch translation as well

  37. A cartoon of a man who represents Australia who is sitting on Indonesian Oil which is crushing the country of East Timor. The Australian is throwing human rights away. It says: Oil $ = Blood money.

  38. A publication entitled, “Timor Leste: 23 Anos de Resistência - Concerto” [Translation: East Timor: 23 years of resistance - Concert]. The concert will take place on December 12th and it was organized by Comissão para os Direitos do Povo Maubere - Porto [Commission for the Rights of the Maubere People - Portgual] | In Portuguese, 1998

  39. A publication entitled, “Debate sobre situação de Timor-Leste” [Translation: Debate on the situation in East Timor] It will take place on July 7th, 1986 in Portugal. | In Portuguese

  40. A painting done of two lizards (?) with various coloured backward S’s on a black background.

  41. A poster created by CDPM and other solidarity organizations that is entitled, “Timor 25 de Abril Liberdade para Xanana, Liberdade para Timor” [Translation: April 25th, Freedom for Xanana, Freedom for Timor] in both red and black writing. | In Portuguese

  42. A poster for a protest rally that says, “Protect the Timorese- They protected us”

  43. Another poster for the same protest rally that says, “Send in UN Peace Keepers”

  44. A flyer for “March for a free East Timor - Self-determination Now!” It also reads, “Five years since the Dili Massacre and the killings continue” The March would have taken place on November 10th, 1996 in Russell Square in Northbridge, Perth, Australia.

  45. A flyer for a demonstration in front of Indonesian Consulate in South Melbourne. At the top of the flyer, it reads, “Indonesian Independence, August 17th 1945” and below it reads, “East Timor Independence, when?” with a pair of broken handcuffs in regards to Indonesia but unbroken handcuffs in regards to East Timor. The Demonstration was organized by the Australian-East Timor Association.

  46. A flyer for a presentation entitled, “Timor-Leste: Problema Sem Solução?” [Translation: East Timor: the problem without a solution] Colóquio e projecção de slide [Colloquium and slide projection] Com. Eng. A. Barbedo de Magalhães at the Institute of Justice and peace in Lisbon. June 26th. | In Portuguese

  47. A flyer that invites anyone “to attend the launch of the Writings and Poetry of Xanana Gusmão, Imprisoned East Timorese Resistance Leader” on May 17th in North Perth. The flyer includes a photograph of Xanana

  48. A flyer for rally in support of East Timor. The flyer gives a description of the human rights violations in East Timor and it is being organized by the Friends of East Timor on November 12th, 1994.

  49. A flyer for “2 Jornadas de Timor da Universidade do Porto” [Translation: 2 days of Timor at the University of Porto] from April 28th - May 1st 1990. It lists the itinerary for the two days. | In Portuguese.

  50. A flyer entitled, “Pássaro sem espaço, Rio sem jeito, Arcvore sem floresta, Mas dou sinais de mim! [Loose translation: Bird without space, River without way, Arcvore without forest, But I give signs of me!] With a drawing of a man on it. | Portuguese

Timor Leste International Solidarity Exhibit

Documents on East Timor from PeaceNet and connected computer networks 25, Oct. 1 - Dec. 12, 1993

XANANA REMAINS IN PRISON .................................................................................................................... 6
INDONESIA TRANSFERS XANANA TO JAKARTA .............................................................................................6
EAST TIMOR’S RESISTANCE LEADER MOVED TO JAKARTA........................................................................6
POSTCARDS TO XANANA CAMPAIGN .............................................................................................................6
XANANA SPEAKS OF HIS HUNGER STRIKE....................................................................................................6
XANANA GUSMÃO - ONE YEAR IN THE HANDS OF THE ENEMY....................................................................7
CNRM CALLS FOR XANANA RELEASE TO APEC .............................................................................................8
INTERNATIONAL LAWYERS CONDEMN XANANA’S TRIAL...............................................................................8
REPORT OF THE TRIAL OF JOSÉ ALEXANDRE GUSMÃO IN DILI, EAST TIMOR, IN 1993.............................8
REPORT ON XANANA’S CONDITION ............................................................................................................12
EVENTS INSIDE EAST TIMOR................................................................................................................... 12
SWEDISH MPS VISIT EAST TIMOR ..............................................................................................................12
EAST TIMORESE SENTENCED FOR NOTE DEMANDING GOVERNMENT COMPENSATION.............................13
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IN EAST TIMOR ......................................................................................13
KONIS SANTANA WANTS TALKS WITH INDONESIA......................................................................................14
MILITARY SAYS ONLY ABOUT 100 GUERRILLAS REMAIN IN EAST TIMOR.....................................................14
SCHOLARSHIPS ENDED, EAST TIMORESE STUDEN TS UPSET .....................................................................14
RENETIL APPEALS FOR SOLIDARITY .......................................................................................................14
INDONESIAN TROOPS BEING WITHDRAWN FROM EAST TIMOR?................................................................15
GUERRILLAS KILL SIX VILLAGERS, MILITARY SAYS.....................................................................................15
TIMORESE GUERRILLAS HUNTED ...........................................................................................................15
Documents on East Timor from
PeaceNet and Connected Computer Networks
Volume 25: October 1 - December 12, 1993
Published by:
East Timor Action Network / U.S.
P.O. Box 1182, White Plains, NY 10602 USA
Tel: 914-428-7299 Fax: 914-428-7383 E-mail PeaceNet:CSCHEINER or CSCHEINER@IGC.APC.ORG
For additional copies, please enclose US$10. per volume to cover costs; add an extra $3. for international air mail. Activist rate: $6. domestic, $8. international.
These documents are usually produced approximately every two months, and mailed to subscribers.
If you would like to subscribe, send $60 for the next six issues (US), or $78 for international air mail.
Reduced rate for activists: $36 in the US, $48 international. Subsidized rate are available for groups
in Third World countries working on East Timor. Checks should be made out to “ETAN.” Taxdeductible contributions can be made out to “WESPAC Foundation/ETAN.”
The material is grouped by subject, with articles under each category in approximately chronological
order. It is also available on IBM-compatible diskette, in either Word for Windows or ASCII format.
Reprinting and distribution without permission is welcomed.
Much of this information is translated and supplied by TAPOL (London), Task Force Indonesia (USA),
CDPM (Lisbon), CNRM, Free East Timor Japan Coalition, Mate-Bian News (Sydney) and other activists
and solidarity groups, but they are not responsible for editorial comment or selection.
Page 2 East Timor Documents, Volume 25. October 1 - December 12, 1993.
KOSTRAD TROOPS TO TIMOR.....................................................................................................................16
GOVERNMENT SOLDIERS CONTINUE THEIR HUNT FOR REBELS................................................................16
TROOPS LEAVING FOR EAST TIMOR ...........................................................................................................16
TWO KOSTRAD BATTALIONS DEPART EAST TIMOR .....................................................................................16
INDONESIAN TROOP REDUCTION IN EAST TIMOR......................................................................................17
EAST TIMORESE GUERRILLA KILLED IN ARMED CLASHES ..........................................................................17
EAST TIMORESE BEING TRIED FOR RIPPING INDONESIAN FLAG ...............................................................18
PERTAMINA TO CONDUCT GEOLOGICAL SURVEY IN EAST TIMOR...............................................................18
SECURITY TIGHTER IN TIMOR.....................................................................................................................18
MILITARY COMMANDER WARNS STUDENTS OVER DEMONSTRATIONS..................................................18
28 MILITARY ATTACHÉS VISIT EAST TIMOR.................................................................................................19
SOME ATTACHÉS DUBIOUS.....................................................................................................................19
EC MILITARY ATTACHÉS DID NOT VISIT TIMOR......................................................................................19
WHO KILLED PEOPLE IN OSOALA? ..............................................................................................................19
TIMOR TROOPS NUMBER CUT ....................................................................................................................20
INDONESIA PLANS TO WITHDRAW MORE TROOPS FROM EAST TIMOR..................................................20
INFANT MALNOURISHMENT IN TIMOR ........................................................................................................20
EAST TIMOR GOVERNOR RULES OUT REFERENDUM ON AUTONOMY..........................................................20
TIMOR CHIEF OPPOSES POLL ON SELF-RULE.........................................................................................20
MILITARY PREPARES FOR PROTESTS ON ANNIVERSARY OF EAST TIMOR MASSACRE.................................21
JAKARTA STILL PAYING FOR DILI KILLINGS................................................................................................21
ARMY UNABLE TO END TIMOR’S RESISTANCE.............................................................................................21
TWO EAST TIMOR REBELS SURRENDER TO OFFICIALS................................................................................22
BIBILEU: GENOCIDE ON A MASSIVE SCALE.................................................................................................22
EVENTS IN INDONESIA.............................................................................................................................. 24
MARIO CARRASCALÃO TO RUMANIA............................................................................................................24
EAST TIMOR HERO SOUGHT........................................................................................................................25
ANC HAILS PLAN TO OPEN INDONESIAN CONSULATE IN SOUTH AFRICA...................................................25
AUSTRALIAN & INDONESIAN AIR FORCES EXERCISE AT MEDAN ................................................................25
WHAT DO INDONESIAN PEOPLE THINK OF EAST TIMOR?...........................................................................25
MUSLIMS IN JAKARTA OPPOSED MASSACRES.............................................................................................26
INDONESIA PROTESTS PORTUGAL’S ALLEGATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES........................................26
WHITHER INDONESIAN POLITICS? .............................................................................................................26
THE TIMORESE EXTERNAL RESISTANCE ................................................................................................. 27
THE PEOPLE OF EAST TIMOR AWARDED THE 1993 RAFTO HUMAN RIGHTS PRIZE ......................................27
CNRM REP RECEIVES HUMAN RIGHTS AWARD ......................................................................................28
LEADERS AND THE PUPPET LEADERS OF EAST TIMORESE?.........................................................................32
THE MASSACRE OF SANTA CRUZ AND THE NEW FACE OF SOLIDARITY .......................................................33
RAMOS-HORTA STATEMENT IN BANGKOK...................................................................................................34
REBEL LEADER CLAIMS 150 EAST TIMORESE KILLED .................................................................................35
ALKATIRI CLAIMS DISMISSED BY SYAFEI ...............................................................................................35
CNRM FUNDING APPEAL .............................................................................................................................35
EAST TIMOR PEACE PLAN ............................................................................................................................36
JRH: “THE MOMENT OF FREEDOM APPROACHES ........................................................................................36
1993 - A CHALLENGING YEAR FOR THE PEOPLE OF EAST TIMOR ...............................................................37
INDONESIA MOVES ON THE DIPLOMATIC FRONT.................................................................................... 38
MANUEL MACEDO’S BUSINESS....................................................................................................................38
GALVAO DE MELO GOES TO INDONESIA...............................................................................................38
INDONESIA WANTS TO SETTLE CONFLICT WITHIN FIVE MONTHS ..............................................................38
East Timor Documents, Volume 25. October 1 - December 12, 1993. Page 3
RECONCILIATION TALKS BOGGED DOWN...................................................................................................39
“ON GOOD TERMS WITH JAKARTA” .............................................................................................................40
DURÃO BARROSO RECEIVES INDONESIA’S FRIENDLY GENERAL ...........................................................40
LIURAI SUPPORT INTEGRATION ..................................................................................................................40
THE CLOCK CANNOT BE PUT BACK.............................................................................................................41
MARIO SOARES VISITS JAPAN................................................................................................................. 41
TIMOR IN SOARES-HOSOKAWA TALKS........................................................................................................41
HOSOKAWA, SOARES SHARE HUMAN RIGHTS CONCERN IN EAST TIMOR ..................................................41
SOARES APPEALS TO JAPAN ........................................................................................................................42
SOARES URGES JAPAN TO PUT PRESSURE ON INDONESIA....................................................................42
JAPAN ASSURES SOARES OF SOLIDARITY WITH TIMOR..............................................................................42
SOARES: DEVELOPMENT AID CANNOT BE DISASSOCIATED FROM HUMAN RIGHTS....................................43
APPEAL FOR EAST TIMOR TO SEATTLE BOUND PM HOSOKAWA.................................................................43
EVENTS IN AUSTRALIA.............................................................................................................................. 44
KEATING FAILS TO CONVINCE CLINTON .....................................................................................................44
SENATOR JULIAN MCGAURAN RAISES TIMOR IN AUSTRALIA.....................................................................44
EAST TIMOR RALLY IN SYDNEY ..................................................................................................................45
CHRISTIANS IN SOLIDARITY WITH EAST TIMOR .........................................................................................45
PEACE ACTIVISTS IN RUBBER DINGIES AND KAYAKS CHALLENGE INDON WARSHIPS...............................45
FLARE FIRED AT INDONESIAN WARSHIP IN AUSTRALIA.........................................................................46
INDONESIA - SEEING NO EVIL....................................................................................................................46
UREN RECALLS WARTIME DEBT TO EAST TIMOR .........................................................................................46
PROBLEMS FOUND IN PUSH ON EAST TIMOR .............................................................................................47
SYDNEY SEMINAR ON EAST TIMOR............................................................................................................47
SYDNEY SEMINAR SUCCESSFUL.............................................................................................................47
RALLY IN SYDNEY ON 12 NOVEMBER .....................................................................................................47
12 NOVEMBER REMEMBRANCE IN DARWIN ................................................................................................47
DARWIN PROTESTS ON ANNIVERSARY...................................................................................................48
FORWARD LOOKING BISHOP PREACHES RECONCILIATION IN EAST TIMOR ..............................................48
ABC RADIO INTERVIEWS BISHOP BELO ..................................................................................................49
A FIGURE OF COURAGE IN THE MIDST OF EAST TIMOR’S AGONY..........................................................49
REPORT ON AUSTRALIA’S RELATIONS WITH INDONESIA............................................................................50
DECEMBER 7 DEMONSTRATION IN CANBERRA...........................................................................................51
REPORT FROM FRETILIN COMMITTEE OF NSW, DEC. 8 ..........................................................................51
TIMORESE WRITE TO AUSTRALIAN PRIME MINISTER ............................................................................51
DARWIN PROTESTERS BURN INDONESIAN FLAG ........................................................................................51
THE LONG, HARD ROAD TO HOPE..............................................................................................................52
EVENTS IN EUROPE................................................................................................................................... 53
EURO MPS AND ACP SEEK TO PUT PRESSURE ON INDONESIA...................................................................53
INTERNATIONAL PEACE BUREAU RESOLUTION ON EAST TIMOR.................................................................53
SWEDEN TO END ARMS EXPORTS TO INDONESIA......................................................................................53
AN INDONESIAN SEMINAR FOCUSED ON EAST TIMOR AND WEST PAPUA ..................................................54
EVENTS IN BRITAIN................................................................................................................................... 55
CHRIS COLE ON TRIAL FOR BAE PLOWSHARES ACTION .............................................................................55
BAE CASE GOES FOR RE-TRIAL..............................................................................................................55
HUNG JURY FOR “BRITISH AEROSPACE PLOUGHSHARES” PEACE ACTIVIST ..........................................55
CHRISTIAN PEACE ACTIVIST GOES FREE.... FI NALLY!.............................................................................56
PEACE ACTIVIST ‘DISARMED’ BAE WARPLANES ......................................................................................56
CAMPAIGN: EAST TIMOR TOUR IN BRITAIN.................................................................................................56
Page 4 East Timor Documents, Volume 25. October 1 - December 12, 1993.
THE FORGOTTEN WAR OF EAST TIMOR:..................................................................................................57
LONDON: TWO YEARS SINCE THE SANTA CRUZ MASSACRE:..................................................................57
INDONESIA USED BRITISH FIGHTER JETS IN OCCUPIED EAST TIMOR ......................................................57
INDONESIAN AIR FORCE SAID EYEING 16 MORE HAWK JETS ....................................................................58
EVENTS IN PORTUGAL............................................................................................................................... 59
INDONESIA’S LINGUISTIC “SPELL”.............................................................................................................59
MANDELA MEETS TIMORESE RESISTANCE DELEGATION.............................................................................59
TIMORESE RESISTANCE DELEGATION ATTENDS SOCIALIST INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL MEETING.............59
TIMOR IS A JUST CAUSE AND MNSGR. BELO DESERVES NOBEL PRIZE.......................................................60
EVENTS IN CANADA................................................................................................................................... 60
EAST TIMOR AWARENESS BENEFIT IN OTTAWA...........................................................................................60
“MANUFACTURING CONSENT” & HORTA IN OTTAWA..............................................................................60
EAST TIMOR IGNORED ................................................................................................................................61
CANADA “ONE OF THE MOST HYPOCRITICAL COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD” ................................................61
EAST TIMOR TOLL ...................................................................................................................................61
TORONTO VIGIL FOR PEACE IN EAST TIMOR...............................................................................................62
ETAN/CANADA EAST TIMOR UPDATE NUMBER 27........................................................................................62
NOVEMBER 12 IN OTTAWA...........................................................................................................................62
REFLECTIONS ON CANDLELIGHT VIGIL OUTSIDE INDONESIAN EMBASSY.............................................62
NOVEMBER 12 IN CANADA – SUMMARY OF COMMEMORATIONS.................................................................63
EAST TIMOR UPDATE, NUMBER 28...............................................................................................................63
EVENTS IN THE UNITED STATES.............................................................................................................. 64
MIT EVENT: THE FORGOTTEN TRAGEDY OF EAST TIMOR.............................................................................64
US, INDONESIA NEED OPEN DIALOGUE: AMBASSADOR .............................................................................64
U.S. COMMEMORATIONS OF DILI MASSACRE..............................................................................................64
NOVEMBER 12 IN SAN FRANCISCO.........................................................................................................65
NOVEMBER 12 IN LOS ANGELES.............................................................................................................65
TIMOR ADVOCATE TO LEAD NATIONAL COUNCIL OF CHURCHES................................................................66
US SENATE VISITORS COMING....................................................................................................................66
U.S. OFFICIALS EXPECTED TO VISIT INDONESIA ........................................................................................66
APEC CONFERENCE MEETS IN SEATTLE.................................................................................................. 66
HIGHLIGHT EAST TIMOR AT APEC ..............................................................................................................66
ASIAN NATIONS TAKE OWN TACK ON RIGHTS ............................................................................................67
CLINTON: DON’T INDULGE DICTATORS AT APEC ........................................................................................68
SENATORS ASK CLINTON TO RAISE EAST TIMOR AT APEC ..........................................................................68
101 HOUSE MEMBERS PETITION CLINTON ON EAST TIMOR.......................................................................69
APEC PROVIDES OPPORTUNITY TO BROADEN PERSPECTIVE......................................................................70
HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE APEC REGION ......................................................................................................71
PACIFIC RIM NATIONS SHARE ECONOMIC BOOM.......................................................................................74
REPORT ON ETAN ACTIVITIES AT APEC .......................................................................................................75
INDONESIA’S VIEW OF APEC.......................................................................................................................76
SUHARTO DISAPPOINTED AT APEC?...........................................................................................................76
DEBATE OVER U.S. ARMS SALES CONTINUES.......................................................................................... 76
JORDAN JET DEAL OFFICIALLY DEAD .........................................................................................................76
INDONESIA IS TEST CASE FOR EXPORT POLICY .........................................................................................77
CAN FEINGOLD SURVIVE AUSTRALIAN-INDONESIAN LOBBY?.....................................................................77
INDONESIAN ARMY EYES EUROPE FOR ARMS, SOURCES SAY ....................................................................78
INDONESIA SAYS IT WON’T BUY RUSSIAN-MADE MIG-29 JET FIGHTERS....................................................78
East Timor Documents, Volume 25. October 1 - December 12, 1993. Page 5
A DIFFERENT MESSAGE TO JAKARTA...........................................................................................................79
COMMITTEE LIMITS WEAPONS FOR INDONESIA; SENATE FLOOR ACTION PENDING..................................79
THE NEGLECTED PROHIBITION: U.S. ARMS SALES.....................................................................................80
INDONESIAN MILITARY OFFICERS STILL TRAINED IN U.S. ........................................................................81
EXCERPTS FROM USIA FOREIGN PRESS CENTER BRIEFING, DECEMBER 8, 1993...................................81
CHOMSKY ON IMET ................................................................................................................................82
CULTURAL EVENTS AND RESOURCES...................................................................................................... 82
EAST TIMOR PAINTINGS EXHIBITION.........................................................................................................82
MY FRIEND THE SOLDIER ...........................................................................................................................83
INDONESIA MAGAZINES IN OZ ...................................................................................................................83
UPCOMING U.S. SHOWINGS OF MANUFACTURING CONSENT: NOAM CHOMSKY AND THE MEDIA.................83
RESOURCES FROM THE EAST TIMOR ACTION NETWORK/US ......................................................................84
AUTHORITARIAN STATE UNIONISM IN NEW ORDER INDONESIA................................................................84
TIMOR ET TREMOR ......................................................................................................................................84
MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES ..................................................................................................................... 85
TRAVELLING IN EAST TIMOR .......................................................................................................................85
A REFLECTION OF THE DILI MASSACRE .....................................................................................................86
INDONESIAN TYRANNY: A PRICE WORTH PAYING......................................................................................87
ANOTHER REVOLVING DOOR .................................................................................................................88

East Timor Action Network

Documents on East Timor from PeaceNet and connected computer networks 17: Special on the Capture of Xanana Gusmao November 20 - 29, 1992

NEWS REPORTS: INTERNATIONAL MEDIA.................................................................................................. 3
SOLDIERS IN EAST TIMOR CAPTURE REBEL LEADER (NEW YORK TIMES) .....................................................3
WIRE SERVICE ROUNDUP NOV. 20................................................................................................................3
MAU HUNO NAMED INTERIM LEADER?.........................................................................................................5
XANANA’S FAMILY RESPONDS.......................................................................................................................5
XANANA NEGOTIATIONS OFFER REJECTED ..................................................................................................5
INDONESIAN REGIME GLOATS......................................................................................................................5
AUSTRALIAN PROTESTS .................................................................................................................................6
BENNY MURDANI: XANANA TRIAL LIKELY ....................................................................................................6
AUSTRALIAN FM EVANS URGES INDONESIA NOT TO ILL-TREAT XANANA......................................................7
INDONESIAN AMBASSADOR SABAM: DEATH BLOW TO RESISTANCE.............................................................7
INTENSE TIMORESE INTEREST IN XANANA...................................................................................................8
THE WAR IS IN JAKARTA ...............................................................................................................................8
XANANA COULD BE EXECUTED .....................................................................................................................8
XANANA MOVED TO BALI...............................................................................................................................9
HORTA: BOUTROS-GHALI TO INTERVENE......................................................................................................9
IPS: CONCERN ABOUT XANANA.....................................................................................................................9
JAKARTA REJECTS ACCESS OVER XANANA .................................................................................................10
Documents on East Timor from
PeaceNet and Connected Computer Networks
Volume 17: Special on the Capture of Xanana Gusmao
November 20 - 29, 1992
Published by:
East Timor Action Network / U.S.
P.O. Box 1182, White Plains, NY 10602 USA
Tel: 914-428-7299 Fax: 914-428-7383 E-mail PeaceNet:CSCHEINER or CSCHEINER@IGC.APC.ORG
For additional copies, please enclose US$6. per volume to cover costs; add an extra dollar for international air mail.
This is a special issue due to the large amount of material relating to the capture of East Timorese
nationalist leader Xanana Gusmao. These documents are normally produced monthly and mailed to
subscribers.
If you would like to subscribe, send $36 for the next six issues (US), or $45 for international air mail.
Subsidized rates are available for groups in developing countries working on East Timor. Checks
should be made out to “Foreign Bases Project/ETAN.” Tax-deductible contributions can be made out to
“WESPAC Foundation/ETAN.”
The material is grouped by subject, with articles under each category in approximately chronological
order. It is also available on IBM-compatible diskette, in either WinWord 2 or ASCII format.
Reprinting and distribution without permission is welcomed.
Much of this information is supplied by TAPOL and Task Force Indonesia, but they are not responsible
for editorial comment or selection.
Page 2 East Timor Documents, Volume 17. Xanana Special Issue November 20-29, 1992.
A HORA DE TODAS AS VERSOES.................................................................................................................10
XANANA GUSMAO INCOMMUNICADO ........................................................................................................11
CARRASCALAO CAUTIONS REGIME .............................................................................................................11
NO ‘EXTRADITION’ FOR XANANA.................................................................................................................12
INDONESIAN MILITARY CAPTURES FRETILIN LEADER ...............................................................................12
PRESSURE BEING EXERTED ON XANANA THROUGH FAMILY MEMBERS .....................................................12
EAST TIMOR’S CAPTIVE LEADER ..................................................................................................................12
THE ABILIO ARAUJO CONNECTION .............................................................................................................13
XANANA CONFIRMED IN BALI .....................................................................................................................13
XANANA MISTREATMENT DENIED ...............................................................................................................13
ICRC WILL VISIT XANANA............................................................................................................................14
AUSTRALIA LUKEWARM ON ARREST OF EAST TIMOR REBEL LEADER .........................................................14
MURDANI: TIMOR’S ‘WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY’.......................................................................................14
XANANA DISMISSED AS STREET CRIMINAL.................................................................................................15
BRITAIN BACKS REBEL ROLE IN TIMOR TALKS............................................................................................16
MORE ARRESTED IN EAST TIMOR...............................................................................................................17
UPI: XANANA LEGAL RIGHTS THWARTED ...................................................................................................17
INDONESIA WON’T ALLOW FOREIGN LEGAL AID FOR JAILED REBEL LEADER ............................................17
NEWS REPORTS: INDONESIAN MEDIA...................................................................................................... 17
ROUNDUP FROM THE INDONESIAN PRESS 21 NOVEMBER .........................................................................17
INDONESIAN RADIO EXCERPTS ON XANANA CAPTURE.............................................................................18
XANANA’S UNDERGROUND HIDEOUT .........................................................................................................19
INDONESIAN PRESS ROUNDUP, NOV. 23....................................................................................................19
XANANA’S WIFE ACCUSES HORTA OF LEAKING HER HUSBAND’S HIDING PLACE.......................................21
BALI POLICE ADD TO CONFUSION ABOUT XANANA’S WHEREABOUTS.........................................................22
STATEMENTS AND ACTIONS BY HUMAN RIGHTS AND SOLIDARITY GROUPS........................................ 23
TAPOL CALLS FOR RELEASE OF EAST TIMOR RESISTANCE LEADER.............................................................23
JOSÉ RAMOS-HORTA INTERVIEWED ON BBC WORLD SERVICE .................................................................23
STATEMENT BY FREE EAST TIMOR JAPAN COALITION .................................................................................24
ETAN/US CALL TO ACTION ..........................................................................................................................24
ACTION ALERT FROM EAST TIMOR ALERT NETWORK, CANADA...................................................................24
ASIA WATCH CALLS FOR ACCESS TO XANANA.............................................................................................25
LAWYERS COMMITTEE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS ...............................................................................................25
JURISTS PLATFORM WRITES TO UN............................................................................................................25
DARWIN PROTEST AFTER ARREST OF XANANA............................................................................................26
AUSTRALIAN COUNCIL FOR OVERSEAS AID ................................................................................................26
FREE EAST TIMOR RALLY IN TORONTO SATURDAY......................................................................................27
EAST TIMOR MASSACRE REMEMBERED WORLDWIDE.................................................................................27
ARCHBISHOP DESMOND TUTU CALLS FOR XANANA’S RELEASE..................................................................28
WHERE IS XANANA? ....................................................................................................................................28
JOSÉ AMORIM DIAS’ FORMER HOME RAIDED ............................................................................................28
RESOLUTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS LEAGUES ...................................28
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL RELEASES AND REPORTS .................................................................................29
ACTIVITIES IN FRANCE ............................................................................................................................. 31
FROM AGIR POUR TIMOR, PARIS.................................................................................................................31
VISIT OF PRESIDENT SUHARTO IN FRANCE ................................................................................................32
FRANCE: ‘COMPREHENSIVE’ SOLUTION ......................................................................................................32
TIMOR ‘DOMINATES’ FRANCE TALKS ..........................................................................................................32
MITTERAND: INCLUDE TIMORESE IN TALKS................................................................................................33
East Timor Documents, Volume 17. Xanana Special Issue November 20-29, 1992. Page 3
SOEHARTO’S PARIS APPOINTMENTS CANCELLED .......................................................................................33
SUHARTO AND MITTERRAND DISCUSS EAST TIMOR ...................................................................................33
LETTER TO SUHARTO FROM ASTO, PARIS...................................................................................................33
FRANCE TIMOR POLICY PUMMELED ............................................................................................................34
SUHARTO IN FRANCE FOR PRIVATE REASONS?...........................................................................................34
STATEMENTS FROM GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS ....................................................................................... 35
PRESIDENT SOARES PHONES BOUTROS-GHALI ..........................................................................................35
JAPANESE DIET MEMBER SATSUKI EDA ......................................................................................................35
EVANS WELCOMES ASSURANCES................................................................................................................35
LORD AVEBURY: XANANA, A PRISONER-OF-WAR ........................................................................................35
US GETS ASSURANCES ON XANANA............................................................................................................36
U.S. CONGRESSIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS CAUCUS CAUTIONS SUHARTO.......................................................36
BRITAIN WANTS TIMORESE IN TALKS.........................................................................................................36
BACKGROUND INFORMATION ON XANANA.............................................................................................. 37
PROFILE OF XANANA GUSMAO ...................................................................................................................37
XANANA, A LIFE OF STRUGGLE AND DEDICATION .....................................................................................37
XANANA: PERSONAL BACKGROUND............................................................................................................38
XANANA INTERVIEW ON RTP.......................................................................................................................38
XANANA REPLIES FROM THE MOUNTAINS OF THE FATHERLAND...............................................................41
POEMS BY XANANA GUSMAO ......................................................................................................................42

East Timor Action Network

Documents on East Timor from PeaceNet and connected computer networks 23, June 8 - July 31, 1993

XANANA IN PRISON...................................................................................................................................... 7
ABOUT THE TRIAL: TIMORESE UNAWARE.......................................................................................................7
XG’S FAMILY DENIES APPEAL........................................................................................................................7
UNFAIR POLITICAL TRIAL OF XANANA GUSMÃO ............................................................................................7
ORDER OF FREEDOM FOR XANANA.............................................................................................................14
LBH COMPLAINS TO THE INDONESIAN BAR ASSOCIATION ABOUT SUDJONO ............................................14
HORTA & TAPOL DISBELIEVE CLEMENCY APPEAL .......................................................................................15
MORE OF SUDJONO’S SCHEMING...............................................................................................................15
GUSMÃO’S DILI TRIAL A TRAVESTY- WORLD MUST WEEP FOR A MAN OF VISION AND COURAGE. .............15
XANANA’S HEALTH DECLINING? .................................................................................................................16
RAMOS-HORTA TELLS ALATAS: “SHOW XANANA GUSMÃO”..........................................................................17
ULTIMATE PENALTY - EAST TIMOR LEADER GETS LIFE IMPRISONMENT......................................................17
REBEL LEADER TO SERVE JAIL SENTENCE OUTSIDE EAST TIMOR...............................................................18
RAMOS-HORTA INTERVIEW .........................................................................................................................18
STATEMENT OF INDONESIAN DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS ON XANANA’S TRIAL............................20
REBEL ASKS FOR MERCY.............................................................................................................................22
“XANANA WILL NEVER FILE FOR CLEMENCY!” — RAMOS HORTA ...............................................................22
CLEMENCY PLOY FOR EAST TIMORESE YET ANOTHER TRAVESTY OF JUSTICE............................................22
MEDIA PUT WORDS IN XANANA’S MOUTH...................................................................................................23
JAILED XANANA WINS LIBERTY MEDAL.......................................................................................................23
XANANA MOVED FROM DILI........................................................................................................................24
Documents on East Timor from
PeaceNet and Connected Computer Networks
Volume 23: June 8 - July 31, 1993
Published by:
East Timor Action Network / U.S.
P.O. Box 1182, White Plains, NY 10602 USA
Tel: 914-428-7299 Fax: 914-428-7383 E-mail PeaceNet:CSCHEINER or CSCHEINER@IGC.APC.ORG
For additional copies, please enclose US$10. per volume to cover costs; add an extra $3. for international air mail. Activist rate: $6. domestic, $8. international.
These documents are usually produced approximately every six weeks, and mailed to subscribers.
If you would like to subscribe, send $60 for the next six issues (US), or $78 for international air mail.
Reduced rate for activists: $36 in the US, $48 international. Subsidized rate are available for groups
in Thi rd World countries working on East Timor. Checks should be made out to “ETAN.” Taxdeductible contributions can be made out to “WESPAC Foundation/ETAN.”
The material is grouped by subject, with articles under each category in approximately chronological
order. It is also available on IBM-compatible diskette, in either Word for Windows or ASCII format.
Reprinting and distribution without permission is welcomed.
Much of this information is translated and supplied by TAPOL (London), Task Force Indonesia (USA),
CDPM (Lisbon), CNRM, Free East Timor Japan Coalition, Mate-Bian News (Sydney) and other activists
and solidarity groups, but they are not responsible for editorial comment or selection.
Page 2 East Timor Documents, Volume 23. June 8 - July 31, 1993.
WILL ICRC SEE XANANA OR EAST TIMOR? .............................................................................................. 24
ICRC TO VISIT XANANA GUSMÃO?...............................................................................................................24
RED CROSS TIMOR VISIT ............................................................................................................................24
EVANS: JAKARTA WILL ALLOW ACCESS TO XANANA ‘WITHIN DAYS’ ...........................................................24
ICRC’S PROBLEMS IN EAST TIMOR NOT RESOLVED ....................................................................................25
RED CROSS VISITS XANANA GUSMÃO.........................................................................................................25
RED CROSS ‘DENIED ACCESS’ IN EAST TIMOR ...........................................................................................25
ICRC “DEPLORES” LACK OF ACCESS ...........................................................................................................26
ICRC VISITS TO TIMORESE DETAINEES AGAIN SUSPENDED .......................................................................26
REACTIONS TO XANANA'S IMPRISONMENT.............................................................................................. 26
SAN FRANCISCO RESPONSE CLOSES INDONESIAN CONSULATE................................................................26
EVANS PUSHES FOR XANANA CLEMENCY ...................................................................................................27
INDONESIA’S SHAME ..................................................................................................................................27
JAKARTA UNDER PRESSURE ON XANANA ...................................................................................................27
CANADIAN WOMAN JOINS INTERNATIONAL HUNGER STRIKE FOR EAST TIMOR........................................28
HUNGER STRIKE CONTINUES IN THE HAGUE .............................................................................................28
TORONTO PRIEST CONTINUES HUNGER STRIKE FOR EAST TIMOR.............................................................29
PRESSURE ON EC REGARDING XANANA.....................................................................................................29
HUNGER STRIKE IN IRELAND .....................................................................................................................30
INDONESIA CHALLENGED TO ALLOW GUSMÃO A NEWS CONFERENCE......................................................30
EVENTS INSIDE EAST TIMOR.................................................................................................................... 30
ALATAS SPEECH AT UNIVERSITY OF EAST TIMOR ........................................................................................30
JAKARTA HAS LONG WAY TO GO IN GAINING ACCEPTANCE OF ITS PRESENCE IN EAST TIMOR ................35
TIMOR OPPRESSION ‘INTENSIFIED’ ............................................................................................................37
REPORT FROM INSIDE ON MA’HUNO..........................................................................................................37
EAST TIMOR STUDENTS - ASSISTANCE NEEDED .........................................................................................37
BISHOP OF DILI UNDER SIEGE ...................................................................................................................38
A PROBLEM OF THE SOUL............................................................................................................................38
AN ISLAND OF EXILES .................................................................................................................................39
ONCE MIGHTY EAST TIMOR SEPARATISTS DYING BREED ...........................................................................40
PORTUGUESE LANGUAGE NOT ALLOWED ON CATHOLIC RADIO IN TIMOR.................................................40
INTERVIEW WITH FR. DOMINGOS SOARES .................................................................................................41
US SCHOLARSHIPS FOR UNTIM...................................................................................................................41
TWO MORE DILI MASSACRE SURVIVORS FOUND........................................................................................41
TIMOR HISTORY BOOKS ATTACKED ............................................................................................................42
INFANT MORTALITY HIGHEST IN WORLD ....................................................................................................43
EAST TIMOR REBELS CONTINUE STRUGGLE AGAINST INDONESIA.............................................................43
TROOPS BREAK UP DEMO IN DILI ...............................................................................................................43
BRADBURY TAPE SEIZED IN TIMOR.............................................................................................................44
INDONESIAN SOLDIERS KILLED IN LOS PALOS..........................................................................................45
E.T. STUDENTS SEEK ASYLUM IN JAKARTA ............................................................................................. 45
SEVEN EAST TIMORESE STUDENTS SEEK POLITICAL ASYLUM IN SWEDISH AND FINNISH EMBASSIES ......45
ASYLUM REQUEST TO FI NLAND AND SWEDEN ............................................................................................45
ASYLUM-SEEKERS ON HUNGER STRIKE......................................................................................................46
BIODATA OF EAST TIMORESE REQUESTING POLITICAL ASYLUM .................................................................47
SEVEN TIMORESE STUDENTS ASK FOR ASYLUM IN JAKARTA......................................................................48
FINNISH COMMITTEE OF 100 DEMANDS THE GOVERNMENT TO PROTECT THE TIMORESE.........................48
URGENT CAMPAIGN NEEDED FOR ASYLUM-SEEKERS.................................................................................48
LONG STANDOFF EXPECTED ON STUDENTS’ ASYLUM REQUEST.................................................................49
East Timor Documents, Volume 23. June 8 - July 31, 1993. Page 3
FOUR LEAVE FINNISH EMBASSY..................................................................................................................49
SWEDEN SHOULD ARRANGE SAFE CONDUCT.............................................................................................50
PORTUGUESE POSITION ON EMBASSY TIMORESE ......................................................................................50
SEVEN LOSE ASYLUM BI D............................................................................................................................51
ETRA’S LETTER TO EMBASSIES ....................................................................................................................51
EAST TIMORESE IN JAKARTA SWEDISH EMBASSY UPDATE .........................................................................51
JAKARTA REFUSES EXIT TO EAST TIMOR ASYLUM-SEEKERS ......................................................................52
FINNISH COMMITTEE OF 100 QUESTIONS FINNISH DECISION ...................................................................52
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL URGENT ACTION ON ASYLUM-SEEKERS...........................................................52
TIMORESE STUDENTS WANT TO GO TO PORTUGAL.....................................................................................53
TIMORESE IN EXILE APPEAL FOR SAFE PASSAGE FOR STUDENTS...............................................................54
JAKARTA COMMANDER OFFERS GUARANTEES ON SAFETY OF EAST TIMORESE..........................................54
SWEDEN, FINLAND “MORALLY RESPONSIBLE” FOR ASYLUM SEEKERS.......................................................54
TIMORESE STUDENTS DEFIANT IN DEMAND FOR SAFE PASSAGE...............................................................55
TIME, PATIENCE RUNNING OUT FOR TIMORESE STUDENTS .......................................................................55
THREE EAST TIMORESE HOLDING OUT AT SWEDISH EMBASSY ..................................................................55
THREE EAST TIMORESE SPEND FIFTH DAY AT SWEDISH EMBASSY.............................................................56
NO INDONESIAN PASSPORTS .....................................................................................................................56
PORTUGAL SAYS WILL ACCEPT EAST TIMOR STUDENTS..............................................................................56
JAPANESE DIET MEMBER EDA APPEALS TO SWEDEN ..................................................................................57
FARIA: “WE’RE BEING HOUNDED!” ..............................................................................................................57
PRESSURE ON SWEDEN AND FINLAND.......................................................................................................57
LETTER TO SWEDISH KING FROM WORLD SERVICE AUTHORITY ................................................................57
THREE TIMORESE AT SWEDISH EMBASSY IN JAKARTA CALL FOR HELP......................................................58
EAST TIMORESE STUDEN TS COMPLAIN OF SWEDISH EMBASSY HARASSMEN T...........................................58
SWEDEN CALLS EAST TIMORESE ASYLUM PLEA PROPAGANDA...................................................................59
ET STUDENTS IN SWEDISH EMBASSY..........................................................................................................59
TIMORESE DUE TO LEAVE EMBASSY 8 AM FRIDAY.......................................................................................59
ROUNDUP OF ASYLUM NEWS, JULY 2..........................................................................................................59
ASYLUM SUMMARY ......................................................................................................................................60
EAST TIMORESE LEAVE SWEDISH EMBASSY IN JAKARTA............................................................................60
TIMORESE LEAVE EMBASSY: ROUNDUP BY TAPOL, JULY 2..........................................................................61
THREE ASYLUM SEEKERS APPEAL FOR INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT.............................................................61
THREE TIMORESE YOUTHS AND HJC PRINCEN’S FAMILY TERRORIZED......................................................61
INDONESIA CHARGES ASYLUM BID ENGINEERED BY AI.............................................................................61
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL REPORT ON ASYLUM-SEEKERS.........................................................................62
JAKARTA CLAIMS ICRC PROGRAMME IS DEFUNCT......................................................................................67
CNRM: ICRC REPATRIATION PROGRAM STILL IN OPERATION ....................................................................68
TENUOUS EXISTENCE AT PRINCEN’S HOME................................................................................................68
SWEDEN APPRECIATES THE EFFORTS OF THE JAKARTA MILITARY COMMANDER .......................................69
PRINCEN APPEALED TO SUHARTO ..............................................................................................................69
JAWA POS INTERVIEWS ASYLUM-SEEKERS.................................................................................................70
ASYLUM-SEEKERS MOVED...........................................................................................................................71
EVENTS IN INDONESIA.............................................................................................................................. 71
REMILITARIZED ZONE - ARMY STRENGTHENS ITS POLITICS ......................................................................71
INDON MOVE TO PUSH TIMOR PROGRESS .................................................................................................72
INDO NGO’S CALL FOR CHANGES IN HUMAN RIGHTS ................................................................................72
RAMOS-HORTA MALIGNED BY INDONESIAN NEWSPAPER ..........................................................................72
TIMOR APPEAL FAILS...................................................................................................................................72
YELLOW STARS IN INDONESIA....................................................................................................................72
Page 4 East Timor Documents, Volume 23. June 8 - July 31, 1993.
SSDI STATEMENT ON NEW STUDENT-ARMY CLASH ON JAKARTA CAMPUS .................................................73
RIGHTS GROUP CALLS INDONESIA’S HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION “SERIOUSLY FLAWED”......................73
SUHARTO DEFENDS ROLE IN EAST TIMOR..................................................................................................77
SWIFT RESPONSE TO INDONESIAN REPRESSION .......................................................................................77
SUHARTO: A SOFTER LINE ON EAST TIMOR?...............................................................................................77
A.M. FATWA RELEASED ................................................................................................................................78
NEW INDONESIAN AMBASSADORS TO US, FRANCE, SAUDI ARABIA, RUSSIA..............................................78
INDONESIA’S HIDDEN WAR IN NORTH SUMATRA.......................................................................................78
THE TIMORESE EXTERNAL RESISTANCE ................................................................................................. 80
UDT CONGRESS SCHEDULED FOR DECEMBER ...........................................................................................80
RESISTANCE GROUP SHIFTS EMPHASIS TO DIPLOMACY ............................................................................80
WHO’S WHO IN THE CNRM .........................................................................................................................81
RESISTANCE MOVEMENT TO BE LED FROM ABROAD...................................................................................81
“THE RESISTANCE IS WITHOUT A LEADER” – ABILIO ARAUJO .....................................................................81
17 WASTED YEARS – J.R. HORTA .................................................................................................................83
RAMOS-HORTA SPEECH AT LISBON TIMOR CONFERENCE..........................................................................84
INDONESIA'S SUPPORTERS: PUSHING INTEGRATION............................................................................... 86
NUNO ROCHA LETTER TO SOARES AND GOVERNMENT ON TIMOR.............................................................86
TIMORESE REJECT PROPOSAL FROM ABILIO ARAUJO.................................................................................87
INDONESIA PROPOSES TIMORESE TALKS...................................................................................................88
TALKS COULD BE IN TWO MONTHS.............................................................................................................88
CNRM REJECTS TALKS ................................................................................................................................89
ROUNDUP: JAKARTA ‘TALKS’ MOVE .............................................................................................................90
ALATAS: TIMORESE MIGHT BE INCLUDED IN TALKS....................................................................................90
EAST TIMORESE TO ATTEND TALKS .............................................................................................................91
INDONESIAN NGOS STATEMENT ON TALKS................................................................................................91
TAPOL ON JAKARTA’S LATEST ‘CONFIDENCE BUILDING MEASURE’.............................................................91
TIMORESE ‘RECONCILIATION’ TO TAKE PLACE IN BRUSSELS......................................................................97
‘NO’ TO TALKS WITH PUPPETS.....................................................................................................................97
TAPOL COMMENT ON ‘TALKS’ EXCHANGES, ................................................................................................98
“IT’S ABILIO’S WISH, NOT INDONESIA’S” SAYS LOPEZ DA CRUZ ................................................................99
LISBON ON JAKARTA-SPONSORED TALKS...................................................................................................99
TIMORESE TO VISIT THE POPE................................................................................................................. 99
MISSION TO THE VATICAN ANNOUNCED ....................................................................................................99
PRO-RI TIMORESE TO VISIT POPE............................................................................................................. 100
POPE ADDRESSES TIMORESE PILGRIMS IN PORTUGUESE........................................................................ 100
ECONOMIC AID ISSUES........................................................................................................................... 100
INDONESIA REJECTS HUMAN RIGHTS LINK TO AID ................................................................................. 100
FEW INVESTORS TAKE UP INVITE TO EAST TIMOR .................................................................................... 100
PRE-CGI MEETING PRESSURE ON WORLD BANK...................................................................................... 100
WORLD DONORS SHOWER MORE AID ON RI............................................................................................ 101
PARIS CANDLELIGHT WAKE AT CGI MEETING........................................................................................... 102
LABOR RIGHTS IN INDONESIA; GSP THREATENED ................................................................................ 103
THE DOLLAR-A-DAY WORKERS WHO PRODUCE MICHAEL JORDAN’S $200 NIKE SHOES .......................... 103
REEBOKS, RAPPERS AND LOSERS............................................................................................................. 103
US TELLS INDONESIA: IMPROVE LABOR RIGHTS OR LOSE TRADE BENEFITS............................................ 105
INDONESIA RESPONDS ON LABOR RIGHTS .............................................................................................. 105
INDONESIAN WORKERS GROUP CONDEMNS ACTU.................................................................................. 106
East Timor Documents, Volume 23. June 8 - July 31, 1993. Page 5
INDONESIA BARS LABOR CONGRESS........................................................................................................ 106
U.N. DECOLONIZATION SEMINAR IN PORT MORESBY............................................................................ 106
OUTSIDE PRESSURE ON UN DECOLONISATION COMMITTEE STAFF.......................................................... 106
CHALLENGE TO UN SPECIAL COMMITTEE OVER MELANESIAN RECOLONISATION .................................... 107
PACIFIC DECOLONIZATION SEMINAR CRITICIZED ................................................................................... 107
U.N. CONFERENCE ON HUMAN RIGHTS IN VIENNA ................................................................................ 108
WORLD CONFERENCE ON HUMAN RIGHTS REPRESSION REPORT........................................................... 108
ASIAN NGO’S ATTACK ALATAS ................................................................................................................... 108
ASIAN NGO’S PROTEST UN INTERFERENCE IN FORUM ............................................................................. 109
HUMAN RIGHTS: THIRD WORLD ACCUSES WEST OF DOUBLE STANDARDS .............................................. 109
THE ORGANIC GROWTH ............................................................................................................................ 109
PORTUGAL AND INDONESIA CLASH AT WCHR .......................................................................................... 110
ILLS OF THE WORLD JOSTLE FOR ATTENTION AT U.N. CONFERENCE....................................................... 111
EVANS-ALATAS AXIS IN VIENNA................................................................................................................ 111
INDONESIAN ACTIVIST COALITION CALLS FOR ASYLUM FOR EAST TIMORESE ACTIVISTS........................ 111
TIMORESE FEAR NEW WORLD ORDER WILL BURY THEIR CAUSE.............................................................. 111
EAST TIMOR: “NOT ANNEXED”................................................................................................................... 112
“NO HISTORICAL OR LEGAL CLAIM FOR INDONESIA TO OCCUPY EAST TIMOR” ....................................... 113
DECOLONIZATION HEARINGS IN NEW YORK ......................................................................................... 113
U.N. PRESS RELEASE ON DECOL. HEARINGS............................................................................................ 113
PETITIONERS TO U.N. DECOLONIZATION HEARING ON EAST TIMOR ....................................................... 113
CNRM UN STATEMENT............................................................................................................................... 114
FRETILIN UN DECOLONIZATION STATEMENT............................................................................................ 116
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL STATEMENT.................................................................................................... 118
EVENTS IN AUSTRALIA............................................................................................................................ 123
CRACK INDONESIAN TROOPS (KOPASSUS) IN AUSTRALIA........................................................................ 123
NORTHERN TERRITORY AUSTRALIAN LABOR PARTY RESOLUTION ON EAST TIMOR ................................. 123
AUSTRALIAN NGO’S DISAPPOINTED BY EVANS’ ADDRESS TO HUMAN RIGHTS CONFERENCE.................. 124
TV COMMERCIAL ON EAST TIMOR ............................................................................................................. 124
PICKETS AT GARUDA, MELBOURNE........................................................................................................... 124
“STILL A ‘GLITCH IN THE SYSTEM’ MR. EVANS?” ........................................................................................ 125
HIGH COURT CHALLENGE TO TIMOR GAP LEGISLATION .......................................................................... 125
HIGH COURT CHALLENGE TO BE LODGED AGAINST TIMOR GAP TREATY ................................................. 126
SELF-DETERMINATION BASIS OF COURT MOVE ........................................................................................ 127
TIGHT SECURITY AS DARWIN INDONESIAN CONSULATE OPENED ........................................................... 127
TIMOR VIGIL IN MELBOURNE.................................................................................................................... 127
BASIC FLAW IN AUSTRALIAN DEFENCE TIES WITH INDONESIA ................................................................ 127
DEMONSTRATION AT OPENING OF CONSULATE IN DARWIN .................................................................... 128
INDONESIA IN NAVAL GAMES IN DARWIN................................................................................................ 128
RELATIONS WITH ASIAN ARMIES .............................................................................................................. 128
INDONESIAN TROOPS TRAINING DEFENDED ........................................................................................... 129
SOME ADVICE TO A PRESIDENT ON FREEING TIMOR ............................................................................... 129
EVENTS IN BRITAIN................................................................................................................................. 130
WELCOME THE INDONESIAN AMBASSADOR TO LONDON ......................................................................... 130
BRITISH AEROSPACE GETS HAWK ORDER ................................................................................................ 130
TAPOL CONDEMNS WARPLANE SALE TO AGGRESSOR REGIME................................................................. 131
EVENTS IN EUROPE................................................................................................................................. 131
IN THE EC PORTUGAL “ISOLATES” INDONESIA ......................................................................................... 131
Page 6 East Timor Documents, Volume 23. June 8 - July 31, 1993.
SHIPS OCCUPIED IN FEAST FOR EAST TIMOR ........................................................................................... 131
UNION OF WESTERN EUROPE PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY’S RESOLUTION.............................................. 132
APPEALS IN THE ITALIAN SENATE ............................................................................................................. 132
GO BACK TO YOUR COUNTRY AND TORTURE TIMORESE .......................................................................... 132
IRELAND MAY SEND GROUP TO EAST TIMOR............................................................................................ 132
EUROPEAN DELEGATION MIGHT VISIT TIMOR .......................................................................................... 133
IRISH PARLIAMENT’S RESOLUTION ........................................................................................................... 133
A VERY QUIET GREEN LIGHT ON A (SWISS) ARMS SALE TO INDONESIA................................................... 133
EVENTS IN CANADA................................................................................................................................. 133
CANADIAN LIBERAL PARTY POSITION ON EAST TIMOR............................................................................. 133
ETAN/CANADA EAST TIMOR UPDATE......................................................................................................... 134
HUNGER STRIKE BEGINS IN VANCOUVER................................................................................................. 135
EVENTS IN PORTUGAL............................................................................................................................. 135
PORTUGAL PUTS PRESSURE ON EC AND UN ............................................................................................. 135
SOARES WANTS SOLIDARITY FROM EUROPE ............................................................................................ 135
XANANA GETS TOP LISBON AWARD .......................................................................................................... 135
HAMUTUK NAFATIN: “A TIMORESE STORY”................................................................................................ 136
“OLHO VIVO” IN OPORTO .......................................................................................................................... 136
PORTUGAL TO MAINTAIN VETO ON EC / ASEAN AGREEMENT................................................................... 136
PRO-JAKARTA LOBBY IN PORTUGAL.......................................................................................................... 136
83 PORTUGUESE FIRMS STILL TRADE WITH INDONESIA........................................................................... 136
GALVÃO DE MELO WANTS TO GO TO JAKARTA.......................................................................................... 137
EVENTS IN THE UNITED STATES............................................................................................................. 137
ETAN NORTH AMERICAN CONFERENCE.................................................................................................... 137
CLINTON CONCERNED OVER TIMOR ........................................................................................................ 137
SUHARTO AND CLINTON TO CONFER........................................................................................................ 137
INDONESIA AND HUMAN RIGHTS ............................................................................................................. 137
AGIO PEREIRA TO VISIT NORTHWEST US.................................................................................................. 137
JORDAN’S F5 SALE BLOCKED .................................................................................................................... 138
U.S. CONGRESSIONAL ACTION................................................................................................................ 138
US HOUSE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE REPORT .................................................................................. 138
PENTAGON WANTS TO RESUME TRAINING THE INDONESIAN MILITARY .................................................. 138
SENATORS WRITE CLINTON ON TIMOR..................................................................................................... 139
SENATORS: DON’T LET INDONESIA PURCHASE MILITARY TRAINING........................................................ 140
TELL CONGRESS TO END US ARMS SALES TO INDONESIA........................................................................ 140
EVENTS IN JAPAN.................................................................................................................................... 140
SUHARTO WILL GO TO JAPAN ................................................................................................................... 140
TOKYO SUMMIT PREVIEW.......................................................................................................................... 140
MERCHANTS OF DEATH, NO MORE GUNS FOR SUHARTO! ........................................................................ 141
TIMORESE, SUHARTO IN TOKYO ............................................................................................................... 141
CLINTON BROACHES EAST TIMOR PROBLEM WITH SUHARTO................................................................... 142
CLINTON ANNOUNCES APEC CONFERENCE.............................................................................................. 143
EVENTS IN ASIA....................................................................................................................................... 143
MALAYSIAN NGO’S CHALLENGE SUHARTO VISIT....................................................................................... 143
EAST TIMOR HIGH ON AGENDA IN EC-ASEAN TALKS................................................................................ 144
RESOURCES AVAILABLE ......................................................................................................................... 144
SLIDES ON EAST TIMOR AVAILABLE .......................................................................................................... 144
ART WITH TIMOR....................................................................................................................................... 144
East Timor Documents, Volume 23. June 8 - July 31, 1993. Page 7
MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES ................................................................................................................... 144
IMAGINING EAST TIMOR ........................................................................................................................... 144
THE FAULTLINE IN JUSTICE LINKING TIMOR TO BOSNIA.......................................................................... 147

East Timor Action Network

Estafeta 1998-12

Title: A continuing saga for change
Editorial: Its been a tremendous, stupefying year

  • East Timor Action Network (John Roosa)
  • Suharto’s fall: a new era in East Timor
  • Year end review Indonesia
  • Human rights developments
  • The president’s problem generals (David Jenkins)
  • After Suharto (Geejay Arriola)
  • The secret Trips betraying Timor (Louise Williams)
  • Under the Indonesia jackboot
  • The independence stand off (Andrew Perrin)
  • Determined to be free (Bill Corcoran and Carl O’Brien)
  • Hopes for referending: defying guns and goons East Timorese speaks out (Stepahnie Coop)
  • Don’t lose hope: AIETD meet fails but is “globally positive”
  • CNRT Krumbach declaration
  • Days to remember (Roberto Soares Cabral)
  • Survivors mourn losses (Lew Pardomuan)
  • Light for peace (Robero Cristebal SantaMaria)
  • Once close ties with Indonesia turn frosty (Richarrd Llyod-Parry)
  • What really happened in Alas (John Martinikus)
  • Statement on the Alas massacre
  • The first East Timorese women’s conference (Jude Conway)
  • My Personal journey (Memen L. Lauzon)
  • Justice for Tien intolerance
  • An open letter to Indonesian president B.J Habibie and the government of ASEAN

East Timor Action Network

East Timor News Urgent Communique 1991-12

Title: Urgent Communique: Massacre at Santa Cruz cemetery

  • Events on Tuesday 12 November
  • Later events in the city of Dili and in other areas
  • Fresh shootings
  • Indonesian statements
  • Witnesses contradict Jakarta’s claims
    International reaction:
  • East Timor
  • United Nations
  • Portugal
  • Holland
  • Britain
  • USA
  • Australia
  • Japan
  • Indonesia

Commission for the Rights of the Maubere People (CDPM)

East Timor Alert Network Newsletter 1993-02

  • Resistance leader Xanana goes on trial
  • Resistance still fighting
  • Repression stepped up in East Timor
  • Massacre remembered worldwide
  • A lack of development in East Timor
  • Making a mockery of human rights
  • Timorese voices
  • Action reports
  • “Secret Indonesia conference ignores human rights groups” (Zuhair Kashmeri)
  • “East Timor refugee speaks at WOSS” (Angela Blackburn)
  • “Refugee considered ‘bad boy’ by Indonesian government”
  • “Indonesian genocide”
  • “Canada chooses profits over right” (David Webster)
  • “Aid policy for Indonesia under fire” (Tim Harper)
  • “Commerce outguns human rights in East Timor mess” (Mark Curtis)
  • “Five days in East Timor” fear fuels paranoia in a land of military saturation, political surveillance and bitter young men” (Glenn Wheeler)
  • “Independence leader goes on trial” (Nantha Kumar)
  • “Tough talks on Timor” (Glenn Wheeler)
  • “Masculine idealism fueling Timor independence dream”

East Timor Alert Network

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