East Timor: A People Shattered by Lies and Silence by A. Barbedo de Magalhães, Professor of the University of Oporto, Portugal and Coordinator of the Symposia on Timor of Oporto University
At the East Timor scale, it's a veritable holocaust, with more than 40% of the whole people eliminated during the first six years of the occupation.
An annexation in the name of regional stability and defence of the Free World, in a moment of panic motivated by the Soviet expansionism
The oil and other economic interests and even religious factors also influenced the process.
Twenty years later, instead of working in order to put an end to the dramatic consequences of their errors many politicians try to keep them under the shadow of lies.
In reality, East Timor was occupied by the United States, Australia, United Kingdom, The Vatican, Japan and other powers, through Indonesia. Indonesia was not much more than executor of a policy that interested the West.
Portugal initiated a process of decolonization that supposed a consultation of the Timorese people, but Indonesia succeeded in interrupting it.
The relative abandon of Portugal and the comparison with the position of Spain towards Western Sahara.
Facing all interest and forces involved, the actors in the field - both Timorese and Portuguese - were not much more than mere figurines
It was based in lies that Indonesia created the instability and prepared the invasion.
In order to make sure that those lies would not be exposed, the Indonesian regime did not hesitate to murder all the journalist present in the territory, and the government of the western powers silenced those crimes.
In order to assure a complete silence, also the international humanitarian agencies were forbidden to enter in the territory.
With the help of the Australian Government who captured the only retransmission radio that, from the Northern Territory, communicated with the Timorese Resistance, the information black out was almost complete during thirteen long years.
With no information on the Media, governments of the occupying powers and theirs representatives could lie freely.
With the public opinion asleep, even the Media lost interest in the question: East Timor, no one even knows where that is... East Timor does not sell... East Timor is not news...
The courage and the intelligence of some newsmen prevented the Santa Cruz massacre to be another ignored and forgotten massacre.
To report what goes on in East Timor and to demand responsibilities to the governments for the murder of journalists, the sales of arms and the political coverage they give to the occupying power are some of the ways to defend not only the Timorese but also Freedom itself and the international law.
Contains various documents such as letters, memorandums, faxes and press releases that were written or published in 1991. This file contains:
S. Con. Res. in the Senate of the United States November 14, 1991 (legislative day). Mr. Pell, Mr. Wallop, Mr. Cranston, Mr. Durenberger, Mr. Kerry, Mr. Kennedy, Mr. Murkowaki, Mr. Simon, Mr. Dodd, Mr. Levin, Mr. Riegle, Mr. Helms, Mr. Biden, Mr. Wofford, Mr. Akaka, and Mr. D’Amato, submitted the following concurrent resolution; which was reported by Mr. Pell, condemning the Massacre of East Timorese civilians by the Indonesians Military | 2 pp.
European body urges Ec States to cut off arms to Indonesia (22.11.1991) The Washington Post
“Timor: Europe Parl Resolution text” from Indonesia Publications/Task Force (2.11.1991) | 3 pp.
Council of Europe: Parliamentary Assembly - Order No. 470 on East Timor (1991) | 2 pp.
Letter to Ms. Mary McGrory, The Washington Post from Arnold Kohen (28.04.1991)
Fax message for Sergio Regazzoni, CCFD from Arnold Kohen (11.06.1991)
Letter to Ms. E.M. Adjali, UMOUN from Arnold Kohen (19.05.1991)
Fax message for Mr. Jef Felix, Broederijk Delen from Arnold Kohen (05.03.1991)
Letter to Arnold Kohen from Yukie Ohta, Program Assistant of the Southeast Asia Program (12.07.1991)
Fax to Arnold Kohen from Miko Yamamoto (11.06.1991)
Receipt received from Arnold Kohen for Donaciano Gomes stay in Washington, DC (01.05.1991)
Fax message for Hilary Coulby, Oxfam from Arnold Kohen (07.10.1991)
Letter to Arnold Kohen from Tony Hall (19.12.1991)
Fax message for Jack Panozzo, CCODP from Arnold Kohen (07.12.1991)
Letter to the Hon. Bob Graham, United States Senate from Monsignor Bryan O. Walsh (18.10.1991)
Letter to Mr. J. Grimmond, International Editor of The Economist from the Rt. Rev. Paul Moore, Jr. (16.12.1991)
Fax message for Dr. Peter Carey, Trinity College from Arnold Kohen (16.12.1991)
Letter to Mr. J. Grimmond, International Editor of The Economist from the Rt. Rev. Paul Moore, Jr. (18.12.1991)
Letter to Karl Meyer, The New York Times from Arnold Kohen (18.12.1991)
Fax message for Ms. Lee Arrowood c/o office of Senator Wallop from Arnold Kohen (29.12.1991)
Handwritten note to Arnold Kohen from Jean Inglis, Free East Timor Japan Coalition, (14.12.1991)
Fax message for Dr. Peter Carey, Trinity College from Arnold Kohen (12.12.1991)
Fax message for Peter Gordon, Yorkshire Television from Arnold Kohen (21.12.1991) with attached comments made by Kohen | 4 pp.
Letter to Arnold Kohen from the United Methodist Office for the United Nations (01.03.1991)
Letter to the Social Action Director from Arnold Kohen (10.10.1991)
Letter to Arnold Kohen from Toby of the Social Science Research Council (10.09.1991)
Fax message for Miko Yamamoto from Arnold Kohen (29.09.1991)
Fax cover sheet to Environmental Defence Fund, Attention to Korinna Horta from Robert Archer (21.01.1991) | 2 pp.
Letter to Mr. Irvin Horowitz, Obituary News, The New York Times from Arnold Kohen (04.03.1991)
Fax message for Ms. Ria Pugedo from Arnold Kohen (04.03.1991)
Fax message for Robert Archer from Arnold Kohen (20.03.1991)
Fax message for Dr. Peter Carey, Trinity College from Arnold Kohen (02.09.1991)
Fax message for Bishop Paul Moore Jr. from Arnold Kohen (16.07.1991)
Fax message for Richard Barber, ACFOA from Arnold Kohen (29.12.1991)
Fax message for Amy Goodman or Allan Nairn from Arnold Kohen (13.11.1991)
Fax to Arnold Kohen from Michel Veuthey (11.12.1991) | 5 pp.
Letter to the Editor of the National Catholic Reporter from Noam Chomsky, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (10.12.1991) | 2 pp.
Draft statement for Tony Hall (1991) | 2 pp.
Fax message for Lee Arrowood, c/o Sen. Wallop from Arnold Kohen (26.09.1991)
Fax message for Tom Quigley from Arnold Kohen (28.10.1991)
Letter to Ms. Hilary Coulby, Asia Desk from Arnold Kohen (12.08.1991)
Estimated Budget for twelve months, 1991-92, partial coasts of Special Humanitarian and Development Project (1991)
Telefax from Mr. Eugene Callahan, Administrative Assistant of the Office of Sen. Alan Dixon from Arnold Kohen (23.10.1991)
Fax message for Mr. Frank Monahan, Office of Government Liaison, US Catholic Conference from Arnold Kohen (18.10.1991)
Fax message for Sister Marian Dillon c/o Sister Grace Patrice Allen, Office for Human Relations from Arnold Kohen (25.10.1991)
Fax message for Ms. Hilary Coulby, Asia Desk from Arnold Kohen (22.08.1991)
Letter to Stephen Rosenfeld, The Washington Post from Arnold Kohen (28.04.1991)
Letter to Karl Meyer, The New York Times from Arnold Kohen (06.12.1991)
Letter to Stephen Rosenfeld, The Washington Post from Arnold Kohen (06.12.1991)
Fax transmission to Arnold Kohen from Peter Gordon, Yorkshire Television (1991) | 2 pp.
Fax message for Rev. Eduino Silveira from Arnold Kohen (23.10.1991)
Fax message for Bille Bachie from Arnold Kohen (12.09.1991)
Fax message for Ken Handelman c/o Sen. Metzembaum from Arnold Kohen (25.11.1991)
Fax message for Matthew Hersh c/o Sen. Dodd from Arnold Kohen (25.11.1991)
Fax message for Lee Arrowood from Arnold Kohen (25.11.1991)
Draft letter to the President, The White House (1991) | 2 pp.
Fax message for John Sharke, Foreign Desk from Arnold Kohen (25.11.1991)
Fax message for Sidney Jones from Arnold Kohen (09.12.1991)
Fax to Ms. Janis Budge, Press Secretary c/o Sen. Wallop from Arnold Kohen (03.12.1991)
Letter to Senator Frank Lautenberg, United States Senate from Patricia Natali, Executive Secretary (17.10.1991)
Fax message for Steve Alston, CAFOD from Arnold Kohen (1991)
Fax message for Noam Chomsky from Arnold Kohen (1991)
Fax message for Noam Chomsky from Arnold Kohen (21.02.1991)
Letter to Ms. Cora Weiss, The Samuel Rubin Foundation from Arnold Kohen (28.12.1991) | 3 pp.
Fax message for Noam Chomsky from Arnold Kohen (1991)
Letter to Paul Moore from Arnold Kohen (15.10.1991)
Letter to Mr. Myles McCabe, Executive Director of Peace and Justice Commission, Archdiocese of Louisville from Arnold Kohen (16.10.1991)
Two pages for Lee Arrowood c/Sen. Wallop from Arnold Kohen (16.10.1991)
Fax message for Bishop Paul Moore from Arnold Kohen (09.10.1991)
Fax message for Dr. Peter Carey, Trinity College from Arnold Kohen (16.10.1991)
Letter to Karl Meyer, The New York Times from Arnold Kohen (19.12.1991)
Fax message for Dr. Peter Carey, Trinity College from Arnold Kohen (02.05.1991)
Fax message for Estrellita Jones, Amnesty International from Arnold Kohen (08.10.1991)
Fax message for Josh Rubenstein, Amnesty International from Arnold Kohen (08.10.1991)
Fax message for Tina, Office of Mary McGory from Arnold Kohen (23.04.1991)
Fax message for Dr. Peter Carey, Trinity College from Arnold Kohen (01.05.1991) | 2 pp.
Extensive summaries of conversations in Jakarta with well-placed, informed Indonesians – conducted by Juan Federer 25 January to 07 February 1992. Also includes preparatory planning and post-visit correspondence.
Organisational correspondence on an Australian parliamentarians joint-letter addressed to President Bush during his early 1992 Australian visit. Also includes correspondence concerning possible US Congressional letters directed to the Indonesian Government.
This document is an excerpt from the Asia-Pacific Conference on East Timor (APCET) Report and Proceedings. The conference was held from May 31 – June 5, 1994.
This document contains:
East Timor: History, Testimonies and Perspectives
In his address, English filmmaker and journalist Max Stahl attempts to provide the perspective of a foreigner who had only recently become engaged in the struggle of East Timor. Stahl had recorded the November 12th, 1991 Dili massacre, exposing it to the world. He notes the lack of media interest in the East Timor situation for many years. He explains his disbelief when world powers supported the Indonesian government despite its repression of East Timor. He then details the preparations of the East Timorese resistance movement leading up to the eventually cancelled visit of the Portuguese delegation. Stahl explains why Timorese resistors chose to march to the Santa Cruz cemetery and details a small altercation between demonstrators and the Indonesian military that would be used to justify a massacre. After describing this massacre, Stahl emphasises the plurality of massacres of the Timorese. He also presents an eyewitness account from a man beaten by Indonesian soldiers and brought along with other dead and wounded protestors to a mortuary. Stahl explains that many demonstrators who had survived the initial attack were killed there. Finally, he emphasises the lack of information the massacred victims’ families received and the justice the people of East Timor seek. The Report and Proceedings of APCET was published by the University of the Philippines in Dilman, Quezon City, Philippines.
This document contains various letters, press releases ad documents.
Document written by five East Timorese people which they presented at British Embassy. The first speech was written by Temotio Jose Fernandes whose parents were both killed by the Indonesian occupying forces in Los Palos, along with other member of his family. The second by Antonio Baptista Sequira, two members of his family were killed at the time of the Indonesian invasion of East Timor. The third was Nelson Turquel who took part in the demonstration of 12 November 1991. The fourth was Joaquim Alim who also took part in the demonstrations of 12 November 1991, but managed to escape from St. Cruz cemetery at the time of the massacre. The fifth was Egas Soares and he was one of the activists who took part in the demonstrations at the time of Pope John Paul’s visit to Dili in 1989 and also, the one of 12 November 1991. (09/1995) | 2 pp.
Burg Schlaining Declaration (05/06/1995) written by Burg Schlaining, the Embassy of Portugal | 2 pp.
Two letters from Kay Rala Xanana Gusmao, member of CNRM and Commander of FALINTIL, written to supporters in the UN (07/01/1994) | 2 pp.
A pamphlet entitled: “West Papua, Colony of conquered land?” that includes subtitles such as ‘During the last Ice Age?’, ‘1848… carved up like a Christmas cake.’, ‘West Papuan flag 1961’, ‘West Papuan human rights?’, ‘Ecology + Culture = Life’. written by the Tasmanian West Papua Association | 2 pp.
A flyer entitled: “Indonesia Under Suharto, Oppression, brutality & Slaughter” which describes what doing business with Indonesia is like and how corrupt and brutal the military dictatorships of General Suharto is. On the other side of the flyer, it details East Timor’s struggle against Indonesian Colonialism Continues. The flyer was written by Australians for a Free East Timor. (06/1995) | 2 pp.
A message recently received from East Timor Resistance elements is roughly translated. It includes that at the Indonesian army day celebration on 17/04/1995 in Dili, the Indonesian army Commander told participants that if/when the UN secretary General and the International Community support the integration of East Timor into Indonesia and it list what would happen. (21/04/1995) | 2 pp., first page in Portuguese.
An article entitled, “Who’s to Blame? Australia or Indonesia” which discuss the major oil find in the Timor Gap in February 1994, Brisbane-based oil and gas company Petrox NL has been the focus of protests over Australian exploitation of the situation in East Timor.
Letter to The Editor of The NT News from Rob Wesley-Smith, President of the Australians for a Free East Timor (18/07/1995)
A flyer entitled: “Please come to the Inaugural Meeting of The Northern Territory Council for Civil Liberties at Brown’s Mart” It had taken place on Tuesday, December 10th.
“McGauran accuses government of pandering to Indonesia” (19/04/1995) Australian News
Australian-East Timor Association - Resource List, includes books, badges, car stickers, map, music cassettes, postcard, poster, t-shirt. (04/1993) | 2 pp.
Email written by CDPM with the subject line: CNRM Communique - the title: “Communique from the Maubere Resistance National Council, Fretilin Directive Communication (22/03/1993) | 2 pp.
UN Secretary of General Report: General Assembly - Forty-ninth session Item 07 of the provisional agenda, subject entitled “Question of East Timor” - progress report of the Secretary-General (09/1994) | 2 pp.
“Agreement between Cecilia Inacio (Reis) and Jose Ramos Horta (04/1993)
“Statement by Cecilia Inacio Reis” (04/1993) Re: Husband and Bank a/c
“Statement… R. Wesley-Smith” (12/11/1992) Re: At Indon. Consulate | 2 pp.
A document that lists the chapters of this book entitled: “Twice in a Lifetime - Australia’s Betrayal of East Timor.” The chapters are entitled: Introduction, A Personal Account, The First Invasion… World War II, East Timor Between the Wars, East Timor Untamed, 1975-94, Australian’s Complicity, East Timor in Australian Exile, Australian Responses… For and Against East Timor, Paths and Prospects for a Settlement. | 3 pp.
Two letters from Xanana Gusmao written to supporters in the UK (27/11/1993)
Senate Question (No.1589): “East Timor” - Senator Margetts asked the Minister for Foreign Affairs, upon notice, on 9 August 1994: with reference to changes to Australian foreign policy in East Timor since the Indonesian of 1975. | 2 pp.
Extract from the Current Senate Hansard Database: “Questions without notice - East Timor” Page: 572 (07/02/1995)
Press Release: "Joint Movement for Self-Determination Referendum for East Timor.” It was signed by Dr. George Aditjondro, Indonesian Campaign for a Referendum for Self Determination for East Timor, Jose Gusmao, East Timor National Council of Resistance, Flavia Pires, Timorese Democratic Union & Rob Wesley-Smith, Australians for a Free East Timor (25/11/1994)
Current Senate Hansard: “Questions without Notice - East Timor” page: 2973 (14/11/1994)
“Statement by Bill Hayden, MP” Leader of the Opposition (20/01/1978)
“Visit to East Timor” written by Allan Dermody of Sydney, Australia. It is a personal account of a couple who completed a two month trip through the Eastern Indonesian Archipelago culminating in a month’s visit to friends and relatives in East Timor. (10/1994) | 3 pp.
Letter to Senator the Hon Gareth Evans, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade from the Hon. Warren Snowdon, MP of the Northern Territory (23/11/1992) | 2 pp.
Letter to Jose Gusmao from Rob Wesley-Smith, AFFET (11/04/1994) | 4 pp.
“The truth about Timor” written by Sam Moresh which is a document about the history of Timor and about Moresh’s 18 year old brother, Ben, who he believes was murdered in West Timor’s capital, Kupang, last April in 1994. | 2 pp.
A flyer entitled: “East Timor - casualty in the arms race” which includes the Federal ALP East Timor policy which was adopted at the ALP Notional Conference in Canberra, it also lists the steps that the new government should adopt immediately. (10/03/1983) | 2 pp.
A pamphlet entitled: “Strengthening Legal Aid and Human Rights in Indonesia”, leading Indonesian Lawyer, Dr. Buyung Nasution, Tours Australia, it includes: ‘who is Dr Buyung Nasution?’, ‘what is LBH?’, it lists his speaking dates and how someone can help the LBH (9-20 September 1994) | 2 pp.
“Last part of letter to Jose Gusmao” written by Rob Wesley-Smith (01/04/1994)
Letter to Wesley from Jose Ramos-Horta (12/10/1978) | 2 pp.
Letter to Rob Wesley-Smith from David Kacey, British Campaign for an Independent East Timor (14/12)
“Another radio planned, Timor protest rally told call for support” (08/12/1976) N.T. News
Letter to The Ombudsman from Rob Wesley-Smith, the letter is entitled “the DAWN reference 77/1633” (23/09/1979)
Letter to Mr. A.G. James of Waters, James & O’Neill, Barristers, Solicitors & Notary from Wal Fife, Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs (26/09/1977)
Letter to the Ombudsman from Rob Wesley-Smith (07/10/1979)
Letter to Neal from Rob Wesley-Smith (21/01/1978)
Letter to Neal and David from Rob Wesley-Smith (24/12/1977)
A document that is written by AETA that includes the following resolution from this meeting be sent to Darwin for transmission to East Timor. (18/09/1977)
Letter to David Adrian Neil from Rob Wesley-Smith (07/09/1977)
Letter to the Indonesian Government from Rob Wesley-Smith & Bill Day (1977)
Letter to the Editor of The Star from Rob Wesley-Smith (19/09/1977)
Document entitled: “Arrest by Customs and Navy - 16 September 1976” written by Robert Wesley-Smith (18/11/1976) | 2 pp.
Document that has the following unauthenticated message was received on outpost radio Darwin. The message was on behalf of the people of East Timor. Transcribed by Ken White, NT News (01/10/1976)
Press Statement written by Francisco Xavier Do Amara, President of FRETILIN Central Committee in Dili (13/09/1975) | 4 pp.
“Timor: The dragon and the mouse” written by Martz Raper (no date)
“Last Communication from Roger East in Dili (Nov/Dec 1975)
“Background to Timor - Independence or Death, Ex-Consul Speaks out” written by Jim Dunn in The New Darwin prior to December 7th 1975
Memorandum to CAA Staff from Michael Crotty entitled: 'East Timor & CAA Gleanings’ (12/08/1975)
Letter to Rob Wesley-Smith from Sue Nichterlein (31/07/1978)
“Let East Timor speak” public radio transmitter-receiver for two-way contact between Australia and East Timor (10/12/1976) with a sign up sheet attached | 2 pp.
Letter to the Hon. Andrew Peacock, Minister for External Affairs from Dr. Bill Roberts, Chairman (17.02.1977)
Memo to: East Timor Support Groups written by David Scott, Member Executive Committee (18/02/1977)
‘On behalf of Timorese Community” a list of concerns written. (15/01/1977)
A letter to Rob Wesley-Smith from H.C. Morris, Moystn Park (02/12/1976)
Letter to Rob Wesley-Smith from David Scott (08/02/1977) | 2 pp.
Letter to Rob Wesley-Smith from Denis (15/02/1997) | 2 pp.
Letter to the Indonesian Consulate, to the Department of Immigration & to Telecom, c/o Post Office, Darwin written by the Committee of Timor groups in Darwin supporting the Democratic Republic of East Timor (07.12.1976)
Letter to Mr. Rob Wesley-Smith from David Scott (03/12/1976) | 2 pp.
Letter to Mr. Robert Wesley-Smith from Rev. G. Bucknall, on behalf of members of the United Church in North Australia Conference (15/10/1976)
The Northnews, Vol. 2, No.121: ‘Gun Running Case’ & 'Portuguese colony on Timor’ (18/10/1976)
Telegram to Alarico Jorge Fernandes, Minister for Information East Timor from Darwin Timor Information Centre (1976)
“It’s up to you and me to make Australia see” A song for East Timor entitled: Timorese song of Liberation. (no date)
Letter to Mr. Robert Wesley-Smith from David Scott (04/11/1976) | 2 pp.