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Fretilin, Independent East Timor Revolutionary Front
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Journal "Timor Leste" 1975-10-11

Journal "Timor Leste" no. 3, October 11, 1975
This issue contains: the declaration of the statute of FRETILIN, which contains the organizational chart of the institution; the first sign of discussions between FRETILIN and the government of Portugal, breaking the silence between them; another mention to the support of FRETILIN’s cause by the Australian civil society group called “FRETILIN’s Friends”, who did a protest outside of the Indonesian embassy in Sydney; an explanation about the objectives of the Revolution that FRETILIN wanted to achieve for Timorese society, explaining that Revolution is not only based on arms, but on deep societal transformation of habits as well. The old habits, that the journal calls “fascist”, must be forgotten and replaced by new ones, such as respect for all and, above all, for the defenseless; finally, it provides information about the return of Colonel Lemos Pires to the country.

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Journal "Timor Leste" 1975-10-25

Journal "Timor Leste" no. 5, October 25, 1975
This issue contains: a direct accusation of Indonesia as being a puppet of American imperialism and ASEAN, and of helping UDT in its attempted coup; A declaration linking the Colonel Lemos Pires to UDT; Another support message coming from Australian civil society, more specifically from the Student’s Union of Australia; A report of a boycott made by some stevedores on the Sydney Port of an Indonesian boat because of their nation’s interference on Timorese territory; A letter of support written by the World Federation of Trade Unions remarking on the abuses performed by Indonesia on East Timor and the Timorese population’s right to self-determination; Main article discussing the necessity of having a holistic view about the situation on East Timor, not only blaming certain individuals (like Colonel Lemos Pires) and forgetting about the whole picture of colonialism and imperialism.

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Journal "Timor Leste" Extra issue 1975-12-04

Journal "Timor Leste" EXTRA issue, December 4, 1975
This issue contains: the declaration of independence of the Democratic Republic of East Timor made unilaterally by FRETILIN, featuring as president Francisco Xavier do Amaral, and as Prime-Minister Nicolau dos Reis Lobato. It also contains a list of the 11 ministers and their respective deputies; Highlights of the proclaimed constitution, remarking principles like sovereignty, non-interference and laicism. It also delimits the crime of high treason and voting age as fifteen years old (the vote was mandatory for all above that age); The recognition of independence coming from many organizations, governmental and non-governmental; An article discussing the evil of exploiting people, which they describe as being a violent process in itself; The main article is a recollection of the facts which led to the proclamation of independence of East Timor by FRETILIN.

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Journal "Timor Leste" 1975-11-08

Journal "Timor Leste" no. 7, November 8, 1975; Supplement no. 2
This issue contains: A statement disapproving of the act of making a deal with Indonesian forces (namely Adam Malik) made by Melo Antunes to secure Timor’s borders and free some Portuguese officials that were arrested by UDT. FRETILIN’s main discontent was with the complete disregard of these actors about the de facto government in charge of East Timor and its demands; A protest against the Indonesian interference on East Timor made by an Australian organization called Water Side Workers, blocking the exit of an Indonesian boat anchored on Sydney; Another report of support actions made by “FRETILIN’s Friends” in Canberra and Sydney; An article explaining the educational chart that FRETILIN is implementing in East Timor, highlighting the study of FRETILIN’s books and social engagement as its pillars; The main article discussing the aspects of the reactionaries and about how the people should be united and think not individually but as a group for the revolution to work.

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Journal "Timor Leste" 1975-11-22

Journal "Timor Leste" no. 9, November 22, 1975
This issue contains: A report of the imperial powers taking part in the Angolan revolution using movements such as the FNLA and the UNITA to fight the authentic insurrection of the MPLA; Declaration on the visit of an Australian priest member of the Australian Council of Foreign Aid (ACFOA), who complimented FRETILIN for being East Timor’s hope, and said that self-determination in this case would a mere formality, because the Timorese population already chose FRETILIN as their commander; Article discussing the revolutionary process in East Timor and how it is anchored on the principle of self-determination that is shown in the United Nations Charter; A news report of a meeting that would decide important matters on the Timorese question between Portugal and other parties that would take place in Australia, but stressing that FRETILIN was not invited; The main article speaking about the importance of being organized and staying united against the maneuvers of imperialism.

Sin título

Journal "Timor Leste" 1975-11-01

Journal "Timor Leste" no. 6, November 1, 1975; Supplement no. 1
This issue contains: Reports of a radio transmission in West Germany analyzing the Timorese situation and blaming Indonesia for border trespassing; Still in West Germany, reports of the creation of a Committee for the Independence of East Timor; Another report of support coming from Australia, this time by Congress members; Report of a meeting between Portuguese General Ernesto Melo Antunes, one of the most important actors in the Carnation Revolution, and Adam Malik, Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs, where they would discuss the Timorese question. FRETILIN then seized the opportunity to publish their willingness to cooperate with the Portuguese to negotiate East Timor’s independence; The main article discussing the differences between a coup and a revolution, explaining basically that the former is just a replacement of the bourgeois in power and that it delays the latter, and how the people should stay alert with their enemies; The Supplement is a special issue with the main objective of teaching the native language for those who only know Portuguese.

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Journal "Timor Leste" 1975-11-15

Journal "Timor Leste" no. 8, November 15, 1975; Supplement no. 3
This issue contains: A report of the Angolan independence declared by MPLA, expressing that is was another win for those who believe in the fall of imperialism; Reports of a FRETILIN official travelling throughout Europe where he received support for the Timorese cause, especially from the Dutch governmental and non-governmental organizations like X-Y and MOZIB (including financial support), English members of parliament and Swedish members of their country’s UN mission; The main article speaking about Liberalism as a failed economic system, and accusing it of having an essence predominantly counterrevolutionary and being an enemy of the people.

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Journal "Timor Leste" 1975-09-27

Journal "Timor Leste" no. 1, September 27, 1975
This issue contains: the insurrection declaration made by FRETILIN on the name of the Timorese people, which they consider was being violated by UDT. They describe that organization as “agents of imperialism”, and state that there are no other paths for total independence of East Timor other than a revolution. It also contains the declaration of the Timorese Armed Forces stating that they are a nonpartisan organization, but under the circumstances and realizing the characteristics of FRETILIN and UDT, they would have to choose the side of the former. The main article brings up the importance of the revolution to East Timor, remarking that FRETILIN’s main objective is to build a Timorese society without agents that exploit the people. At the end, there is a text written by the Popular Organization for the Timor Women, discussing the role of the Timorese women in the revolution.

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Journal "Timor Leste" 1975-10-04

Journal "Timor Leste" no. 2, October 4, 1975
This issue contains: a letter from FRENTILIN to its members calling for union in such difficult times, mostly saying that the foreign forces would try to explore the so-called “tribalism” and arguing that the various groups involved in the revolution (Armed Forces, Militias, Civil Society and so on) should be united and resolve their problems and disagreements through discussion. The editorial discusses the ex-commander Lemos Pires and his approximation with UDT, with the Portuguese government choosing to remain in silence. An article calls on the people to leave aside all their old practices (like racism) in benefit of the revolution’s success and, therefore, allow for the rise of a new society. Other important information includes the support of 49 foreign governments for FRETILIN, as well as of organized groups of civil society (like Australian student groups).

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Journal "Timor Leste" 1975-10-18

Journal "Timor Leste" no. 4, October 18, 1975
This issue contains: The accusation by the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs discussing the border trespassing and gunfire by FRETILIN; FRETILIN’s accusation directed towards Portugal’s omission of the Timorese question, as well as Lemos Pires’ alleged lies about the peace process between FRETILIN and UDT, saying basically that the former never accepted the propositions made by the latter; A declaration of FRETILIN’s support made by the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Cabo Verde and Mozambique; Another demonstration of support made by Australian civil society through the group called “FRETILIN’s Friends”, who again stayed outside of the Indonesian embassy in Sydney demanding justice; A report of a statement made by the Secretary-General of the United Nations speaking about the responsibility of Portugal on the Timorese matter; and the main text speaking about the labor division in a revolutionary society, and how all kinds of labor are important to the outcome of the revolution.

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