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Colonizing East Timor: Indonesia and Australia’s Oil Drilling Plans

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP).
Titled, Colonizing East Timor: Indonesia and Australia’s Oil Drilling Plans, the article was written by Allan Nairn in the Petrochemical age section of the July/August 1991 issue of Multinational Monitor. The article argues that Australia is reaping rewards from Indonesia’s invasion of East Timor by extracting the oil of East Timor’s seabed through the Timor Gap Treaty. It signed the treaty with Indonesia in 1989. The article features a quote from Jose Ramos Horta that argues the hypocrisy of Australia as it concurrently joined a war against Iraq in the name of international law while saying that Indonesia was not precluded by international law from invading Timor. Next, the article presents the comments of Dick Woolcott, the Australian ambassador to Indonesia, on the Indonesian invasion of Timor. It then explains that oil company research in the early 1970s had estimated that the disputed waters between Australian and Timor could hold vast amounts of oil and natural gas. Finally, the article argues that the Timor Gap Treaty is the first international agreement that formally legitimizes the Indonesian annexation of Timor and presents Portugal’s challenge to Australia over the treaty in the World Court.

Pacific Peoples Partnership

Come-into Evaluation all of the University of East Timors’ Students

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP).
Titled, Come-into Evaluation all of the University of East Timors’ Students, the document was published on October 31st, 1991 in Dilli by University of East Timors’ student. It begins with a welcome message to ambassadors and journalists. The message then expresses a desire for self-determination and freedom for East Timor. It elaborates conditions under Indonesian military occupation and asks foreign observers to help engender a referendum for the East Timorese people.

Pacific Peoples Partnership

Death in East Timor

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP).
Titled, Death in East Timor, the document is part of Third World Network Features and was received February 10th, 1992. It is an account of the experience of a mother, Helen Todd: a Malaysian freelance journalist whose son was killed by the November 12th, 1991 Santa Cruz massacre in East Timor. Her son, Kamal Bamadhaj, was the only foreigner killed during the shooting. Helen Todd emphasises her difficulty in discovering the reason for the fate of her son and expresses her belief that it demonstrates the misinformation and mendacity of Indonesia’s government. She also discusses Kamal’s observations of the Indonesian regime’s tactics to hide realities when discussing East Timor with foreigners. Next, she provides eye witness accounts of the shooting of the procession to the Dili cemetery. Finally, she presents Kamal’s observations of the attitudes of the Timorese, especially Timorese youth, before the march.

Pacific Peoples Partnership

East Timor - a backgrounder

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP).
It is the May, 1992, Number 11, issue of Pacific Issues published by the Centre for Peace Studies of the University of Auckland. Titled “East Timor – a backgrounder”, it an informative document discussing several elements of East Timor. The subsections of the document are: “Historical background”, “The 1975 invasion and subsequent events” and “Political implications”. The information sheet was prepared with the assistance of the Auckland East Timor Independence Committee.

Pacific Peoples Partnership

East Timor: From 'slavery & oppression & tyranny' to freedom

Titled, East Timor: From ‘slavery & oppression & tyranny to freedom, it was presented by Abé Barreto Soares during the National Council of Maubere Resistance (CNRM) tour of North America, April 1993. It begins with Soares’ description of his experience and observations after the Indonesia military invaded East Timor in December of 1975. Soares explains his decision to join Renetil, the East Timorese students’ resistance organisation at Java’s Gadjah Mada University. He explains that the Santa Cruz massacre and subsequent arrest of his friends of Renetil compelled him to seek asylum in Canada. Next, he explains that although he does not fear arrest for speaking out, he worries about repercussions for his family and friends in East Timor. He then dispels the Indonesian narrative that the Timorese voted to become the 27th province of the Republic of Indonesia. Finally, Soares discusses the legacy of the Santa Cruz massacre and reminds listeners that the struggle against Indonesian occupation and human rights abuses will continue in East Timor so long as the Indonesian military remains in there.

Pacific Peoples Partnership

East Timor: The struggle for self-determination

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP).
Titled, East Timor: the struggle for self-determination, it was presented by Constancio Pinto, Executive Secretary for the Clandestine Front during the National Council of Maubere Resistance (CNRM) tour of North America, April 1993. Pinto’s presentation begins with his description of his experience during the Indonesian invasion of East Timor. He then presents his time in the Maubere resistance. He describes his arrest, beating and interrogation by the Indonesian military as well as the condition of other political prisoners in Indonesian jail. Next, he discusses the expectations of the East Timorese for the visit of the Portuguese parliamentary delegation. He then describes preparations for a march on November 12, 1991 at Santa Cruz cemetery. He gives an eyewitness account of the shooting of demonstrators by the Indonesian military during the march. He then describes his escape from East Timor. Finally, he emphasises that the East Timorese victory against the Indonesians must be a political and not a military victory, calls for an end to North American military and economic aid to Indonesia until it ends its occupation of Timor, and emphasises the Timorese desire to join in talks hosted by the UN Secretary General between Portugal and Indonesia in Rome on April 21st, 1993.

Pacific Peoples Partnership

East Timor votes for independence. Theme issue of Tok Blong Pasifik, magazine of the Pacific Peoples' Partnership, December 1999

PPP supported the International Federation for East Timor Observer Project (IFET-OP) during the 1999 referendum in Timor-Leste. This special issue of the organization's magazine includes eyewitness accounts from several Canadian observers.

Tragedy or Betrayal: The United Nations
Consultation in East Timor
(Randall Garrison)

East Timor and the (In)Security Agreement
(Bob Crane)

Post-Vote Violence - A Coordinated Campaign
(Drew Penland)

Women and the Vote for Independence
(Erin McQuillan)

East Timor Snapshots: Diary Excerpts
(Aaron Goodman)

Canada's Foreign Minister on East Timor
(Lloyd Axworthy)

A New Nation and a New Order:
The Political Future of East Timor and
Indonesia
(Arlindo Marcal)

The Road to an Independent Timor Lorosae:
Assessing the First Three Months
(Ceu Brites)

East Timor NGO Forum Statement to
International Donors

Pacific Peoples Partnership

Financing Ecological Destruction, The World Bank and the IMF

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP).
Titled, Financing Ecological Destruction, The World Bank and the IMF, the article was published in 1987. Its first section, titled Five Fatal Projects, presents growing concerns over the ecological impact of World Bank projects and expresses support for World Bank solutions to these critiques. Its second section, “Indonesia: Transmigration”, describes a World Bank sponsored project that would move hundreds of thousands of families and destroy 3.3 million hectares of tropical rainforest. It argues that no further World Bank investments into the project should be approved before five conditions are met that promote ecological integrity and the rights of Indigenous peoples.

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Human rights in East Timor: A recent eyewitness account

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP).
Titled, Human rights in East Timor: A recent eyewitness account, the account is prefaced by an explanation of the Indonesian security personnel’s dispersal of a demonstration by East Timorese students on January 17th, 1990 in Dili. The account is provided by Andrew McMillan and Jenny Groves, two Australian tourists who were on vacation in East Timor on the day of the independence demonstration. It was written in Darwin in February of 1990.
The account begins by describing the visit of the US Ambassador, John Monjo, to Indonesia and the demonstration organised by 80 to 100 students in front of Hotel Turismo. It then explains a confrontation between the students and Indonesian soldiers and a subsequent discussion between the US Ambassador and demonstrators. Next, it describes the Indonesian authorities’ response to the demonstration after the Ambassador left the hotel. Among other confrontations, the account explains that one demonstrator was beaten to death and that there was evidence, seen by the US ambassador, that another had been shot and his body had been retrieved by Indonesian soldiers. Mr. McMillan and Ms. Groves then describe their discussion with two US diplomats immediately after the violent end to the demonstration. Finally, the document explains that both Andrew and Jenny sighed affidavits of what they had witnessed and Andrew testified at the UN Human Rights Commission Hearing in Geneva in February of 1990.

Pacific Peoples Partnership

Indonesia

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP).
Titled, Indonesia, the report addresses Canada-Indonesia bilateral relations in the context of the East Timor issue. It was created on December 22nd, 1992 by the Canadian Ministry of External Affairs Asia Pacific branch. The report begins by providing background on the shootings in Dili on November 12, 1991 and the actions taken by the Suharto regime following them. It then discusses the Canadian position on the Dili shootings and the country’s suspension of new development projects for Indonesia worth $30 million. Next, it discusses the Canadian delegation’s efforts at the UN Commission of Human Rights. (UNCHR) (A note is provided that sheds light on the information provided). Penultimately, it expresses positivity in regards to Indonesia’s response to the text released by the UNCHR. Finally, the document explains that Canada has not lifted its suspension of aid to Indonesia through the Consultative Group for Indonesia because of its observations in Timor and those of Amnesty International.

Pacific Peoples Partnership

Indonesian monopolies in East Timor

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP).
Titled, Indonesian monopolies in East Timor, it was written by Dr. George Aditjondro and is the 24th occasional report of The Indonesia Human Rights Campaign. The resource presents the Batara Indro Group (BIG) companies; those referred to as East Timor’s major monopoly holders. These companies are presented along with information such as their specialty, brief history, managers, address and phone. The document also includes descriptions of BIG projects, branch offices in Java, and companies based in Jakarta related to BIG owners or directors. Finally, it provides information on other companies operating or based in East Timor and important addresses in phone numbers.

Pacific Peoples Partnership

Letter from C. Brown, Acting Director of the Asia Pacific South Relations Division of the Ministry of External Affairs and International Trade Canada

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP).
It is a letter from C. Brown, Acting Director of the Asia Pacific South Relations Division of the Ministry of External Affairs and International Trade Canada in Ottawa, Ontario. The letter was sent on June 16, 1993 to Mrs. Betty Brightwell of the Greater Victoria Raging Grannies. Brown explains that he is writing on behalf of the Secretary of State for External Affairs, the Honourable Barbara McDougall in response to Mrs. Brightwell’s May 4th, 1993 letter regarding the current situation in East Timor. Within his letter Brown explains Canada’s $30 million cut in aid, its position on Xanana Gusmão’s trial and the government’s efforts to limit arms’ sales to Indonesia.

Pacific Peoples Partnership

Non-Governmental Organizations’ collaboration with indigenous communities in Irian Jaya

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP).
Titled, Non-Governmental Organizations’ collaboration with indigenous communities in Irian Jaya, to face the challenges of transmigration and other natural resources exploitation, it was written by Dr. George J. Aditjondro on September 12th, 1988 in Ithaca. It includes first, an “Introduction” (p.1) discussing the title of the work. Second, it provides “Outsiders’ views towards Irian Jaya” (p.4). Third, it discusses “The Indonesian NGOs’ response” (p.9) in which it presents elements of a counter-hegemony discourse designed to “demystify the dominant Indonesian hegemony.” Fourth, it asks in “Quo vadis?” (p.19) “Are the Irianese Indigenous peoples now better off?” because of the work done by NGOs in Irian Jaya. Finally, in the “Post-script,” (p.22) Dr. Aditjondro makes “personal remarks about the personal remarks (he has) often received about (his) own work or presence in Irian Jaya.”

Pacific Peoples Partnership

Some Guerillas Military Actions against the Indonesian Forces since January to May 1990

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP).
Titled, Some Guerillas Military Actions against the Indonesian Forces since January to May 1990, the source provides a map of East Timor that indicates the date and locations of several battles between FRETILIN and the Indonesian military. The death tolls and other details are also indicated for some of the battles. The next section of the document is titled, List of the Indonesian Battallions operating in East Timor that we could afford to identify. It lists Battalions with their number and place of operation.

Pacific Peoples Partnership

Speech by Geraldo Magno, FRETILIN, to the 6th NFIP Conference

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP).
Titled, Speech by Geraldo Magno, FRETILIN, to the 6th NFIP Conference, the conference took place from November 1-7, 1990 in Aotearoa. Geraldo Magno begins by acknowledging the conference’s occurrence on Maori land and emphasising East Timorese indigenous origins. He then describes East Timor’s political situation and discusses Indonesian policies of genocide in the country. Magno emphasises the consolidation of East Timorese identity since the Indonesian invasion and discusses his people’s armed struggle. He then presents victories of his movement and argues the signing of the Timor Gap agreement between Indonesia and Australia is a violation of East Timor’s right to self-determination. Finally, he calls for an end to nuclear testing in the Oceania region. At the end of the document is a draft resolution with nine points related to the content of the speech.

Pacific Peoples Partnership

Statement on East Timor

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP).
Titled, Statement on East Timor, it was written by Beryl Gaffney, Member of Parliament from House of Commons (Canada) to United Nations Special Committee on Decolonisation. The statement was published on August 7th, 1991. Gaffney begins by stating her position as Liberal Party Critic for Human Rights that those in North America and the UN and have a responsibility to act for the people of East Timor. She describes the situation of East Timor and the Timorese since Indonesia’s 1975 invasion and refers to it as a genocide. Gaffney then discusses Amnesty international’s reports on Timor and argues that Indonesia has violated the UN’s basic principles. Next, she calls for the condemnation of Indonesia for its failure to respect the human rights of the East Timorese. She then explains Indonesia’ ignorance of UN requests and criticizes Canadian economic involvement with Indonesia. Finally, she urges that the UN encourage its members to link international human rights to aid and that the UN Special Committee on Decolonisation work to withdraw Indonesian forces from East Timor to allow it to self-determine.

Pacific Peoples Partnership

The "New World Order" Includes Genocide

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP). It was published by East Timor Action Network / U.S.
Titled, The “New World Order” Includes Genocide, the document discusses Indonesia’s use of U.S. military and development aid to perpetrate its occupation and control of East Timor. The document argues killings in Indonesian-controlled East Timor are common and details the amount of aid the US provides to the Suharto regime. It asks supports to write to their Congresspeople to urge them to suspend all aid and weapons sales to Indonesia. Finally, it makes four suggestions as to “What you can do to stop genocide in East Timor” and provides the Dec. 6th, 1991 New York Times Op-ed page titled “Realism and Evil” by Anthony Lewis. The op-ed discusses East Timor and U.S. reactions to its fate.

Pacific Peoples Partnership

Translation of interview by Robert Domm with Shanana [Xanana] Gusmao

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP).
Titled, Translation of interview by Robert Domm with Shanana Gusmao, it was published on September 27th, 1990. Robert Domm begins by explaining that he is reporting for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation from the Military Headquarters of the Armed resistance to Indonesian occupation of East Timor. Domm explains that for the first time in 15 years since Indonesia invaded in 1975, he is speaking to the commander of the Falantil, the armed forces of the Resistance. The interview begins with a discussion of the military situation in East Timor. It then transitions to topics such as the logistical considerations of East Timorese resistance fighters, the political positioning of Falantil, the role of Timorese students and the Catholic church in the struggle for independence and East Timorese life under Indonesian rule. It ends with Shanana Gusmao’s comments on struggles for self-determination in other parts of the world and his comments on possible solutions for the conflict between East Timor and Indonesia.

Pacific Peoples Partnership

Treading carefully in East Timor

This document was sourced from Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP).
Titled, Treading carefully in East Timor, the document is an account of a week-long visit to East Timor by Australian Kirsty Sword. The account is 1,350 words long. Within it, Ms. Sword describes her experience talking with East Timorese and her observations of their mindset and their knowledge of the attitudes of the rest of the world towards their struggle. She also explains her discussions with priests regarding the independence movement of the Timorese. Next, she presents her experience of being surveyed by Indonesian intelligence agents. Finally, she explains that compared to another Australian traveller, she had had a much less constrained trip to East Timor.

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