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Clamor por Timor
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Clamor por Timor
Part of Clamor por Timor
This PDF document contains sources pertaining mostly to topics such as the U.S. helping Indonesian military forces, the situation Xanana Gusmão is in, and Australia pushing for the international recognition of East Timor.
The Funu-Maluk Fund
This flyer advertises the Funu-Maluk Fund, established in 1997 by Australians. The fund supports the East Timorese resistance against tyranny. Money is sent to FALINTIL and leaders Lere and Aluk. The flyer mentions the invaluable aid East Timorese gave to Australia during WWII by providing shelter and aid to the Australian soldiers. The Indonesian invasion of East Timor and its aftermath, as well as the annexation of the East Timorese population and human rights violations is told. The lack of action the international community has undertaken is noted. The flyer analyzes the Resistance, which is separated by three wings led by the National Council of Timorese Resistance (CNRT): the first wing is the Diplomatic Front led by Laureate Jose Ramos Horta; the second is the Clandestine Front which is non-violent; the third is the FALINTIL, who use tactics from the Australian solders from WWII. | 2 pages.
Timorese Democratic Union Media Release
Date: Friday, 21 August 1998
From: Claudia Giudice
The Australian Foreign Affairs Minister, Alexander Downer, calls for Indonesia to release Xanana Gusmão from jail in order for him to participate in talks on the future of East Timor. João Carrascalão, the World President of the Timorese Democratic Union, expresses his hopes that Australia will fully support East Timor in their fight towards independence and self-determination. Manual Carrascalão, who is in Dili, has offering himself as a hostage to Indonesia so that Xanana Gusmão can be released to join the discussion. | 2 pages.
East Timor Action Network
From: Charles Scheiner
Letter addresses Suharto’s resignation, and the impact this resignation has had on East Timor’s discussion for self-determination. The letter also states how the U.S. government allowed for the invasion of East Timor to take place, with them facilitating the invasion by training Indonesian soldiers and providing them with weapons. ETAN states that through years of working to curtail U.S. support for the Indonesian occupation, they have succeeded in stopping almost all of these acts. Now though, ETAN wants to push Washington to actively support East Timorese human and political rights rather than only halting support for Indonesia. In order to achieve this, they ask for donations from supporters. | 2 pages.
A photograph that says: “Timor – Esse pais quer ser livre.” Translation: “Timor-this country wants to be free.” Mural in the cemetery of Araça - Avenue Dr. Arnaldo - São Paulo – 1997.
Missa de Envio
From: Eliene Nobre Damacena and Francisca Saraiva Neto
To: East Timor
This is a religious missive (does not mention the East Timor cause). |10 pages.
Herald International Tribune
“A Lesson From Timor: Don’t Coddle the Indonesian Military” July 6th, 2000
This newspaper points out the abuses and murders that have been committed by the Indonesian military and militia. Despite these abuses and violations, the U.S. has begun training the Indonesian military as well as providing them with weapons. They do this in hope of reforming the Indonesian military for the better. However, there is an opinion circulating that the issue with the military lies not within its training, but in the military’s power over civil society.
“Old Fears Battle New Optimism in East Timor”
By Seth Mydans , July 21, 1998, The New York Times
This article talks about the hope that has transpired from the discussions for peace held in Jakarta. Xanana Gusmão and Bishop Belo would be in attendance among others. The article discusses the tension spreading throughout East Timor as its future continues to be up for debate: autonomy or integration with Indonesia. | 2 pages
"Indonesia Cuts Timor Force but Islanders Are Skeptical"
July 29, 1998, The New York Times
The removal of some combat troops from East Timor is made known, with them being removed either as an attempt at demonstrating Jakarta’s commitment to a peaceful resolution to the future of East Timor, because there are less rebels to fight in the region, or because of the discussions between Indonesia and Portugal that were planned to take place in New York. Despite the removal of these combat troops, a large portion of troops still remain in East Timor. As a result, resistance leaders and activists continue to push for demilitarization as there cannot be peace if there are soldiers. Furthermore, Habibie has offered East Timor a certain degree of autonomy in return for international recognition that East Timor is part of Indonesia, however the U.N. still recognizes that Lisbon is the administrative authority of the territory. | 2 pages.
Indonesia Agrees to Autonomy Plan for East Timor
By Barbara Crossette, August 6, 1998, The New York Times
It has been announced that Indonesia and Portugal have reached an agreement on a broad autonomy plan for East Timor, which would allow the territory the right to local self-government and power over educational and cultural affairs. Indonesia would still remain in control of foreign and military affairs, as well as monetary and fiscal policies. Additionally, Portugal and Indonesia have started to pave the way for the beginning of full diplomatic relations once more. The fate of Xanana Gusmão is also discussed in the article, in which his release from jail in Jakarta is said to be part of the solution to the issue of East Timor. | 2 pages.
Clamor por Timor
Part of Clamor por Timor
This PDF document contains articles, emails, and other sources pertaining to topics about the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize, Ramos-Horta and Bishop Belo, and Brazil’s relationship with East Timor.
"Parlamentares decidem intensificar luta por Timor-Leste" June 14, 1995
Parliamentarians and representatives of about 40 countries have decided to renew efforts to help the fight for liberating East Timor. The Brazilian delegation at a conference in Lisbon included Aldo Arantes, Aldo Lins and Silva, Antônio Funari Filho, as well as others. During the conference, the “Declaration of Lisbon,” which proposes political and commercial sanctions on Indonesia, was drafted. Participants of the conference also criticized the United States, who was not present at the conference.
“ 'Declaração de Lisboa' condena agressão da Indonésia"
This article recites the Declaration of Lisbon, taking quotes that condemn the Indonesian invasion of East Timor. The participants of the conference are asking Indonesia to fulfill various requests and resolutions set out by the United Nations and the international community that would lessen the East Timorese struggle.
"Conferencia pede libertação de presos políticos"
One of the main topics discussed during the conference was the liberation of Xanana Gusmão and other political prisoners. The Brazilian delegation that participated in the Lisbon conference will be proposing to the Brazilian National Congress that Bishop Belo may visit Brazil.
"Mundo: O Timor Leste precisa de ajuda", August 30, 1995
This news article states that the ambassador of the Timor resistance in Angola, Roque Rodrigues, traveled to Brazil in order to participate in meetings and interviews, and also to expand his network of people that would stand in solidarity with East Timor. An interview with Roque Rodrigues provides the following information: a brief history of the Indonesian invasion of East Timor; highlights of the genocide taking place; the cultural destruction occurring; what the Brazilian population can do to help; facts about the Santa Cruz massacre; who Xanana Gusmão is; the connection between the resistance and the Catholic Church.
"A voz de Xanana Gusmão"
A written declaration by Xanana Gusmão in prison in Jakarta on May 20, 1995, was published in this newspaper, where he provides words to inspire readers to remember that better days are approaching and to keep resisting oppression in East Timor.
"Grupo se organiza para defender Timor Leste", December 13, 1995
Coordinated by frei João Xerri, forty people met on Saturday the 9th (believed to be on the month of December, year 1995), to commemorate the resistance of East Timor. In attendance was Nanci Almeida and Vera Camerotti, as well as representatives of religious organizations, the Brazilian worker’s party, and others. This article also criticizes Fernando Henrique Cardoso’s government (in Brazil), stating that his government prefers to not acknowledge the issue in East Timor in fear that there will be harm done to their trade with Indonesia if they announce that they support East Timor.
"Meet Us at Ten Tonight", July 1996
Paul Raffaele, a writer for Reader’s Digest, traveled to East Timor to conduct an interview with Bishop Carlos Belo. A quick summary of his trip is disclosed, before it is mentioned that the article continues in a separate page of the newspaper. | 2 pages.
"Hero for a Forgotten People", July 1996
The narration of Paul Raffaele’s trip to East Timor continues in this article. A brief biography of Bishop Belo is disclosed, highlighting his Catholic roots and the events of his life parallel to events happening in East Timor. The events told in his perspective include the Santa Cruz massacre. | 6 pages.
Mons. Belo, vescovo salesiano di Dili (Timor) Translation: Msgr. Belo Salesian Bishop of Dili | 11 October 1996, Published in Agenczia Internazionale Salesiana di Informazione.
Nobel per la pace: chi é il vescovo Belo Translation : Nobel Peace Prize : Who is Bishop Belo? | 11 October 1996, Published in Agenczia Internazionale Salesiana di Informazione.
La pace del Nobel arriva a Timor. Translation : Nobel Peace comes to Timor | 11 October 1996, Published in Agenczia Internazionale Salesiana di Informazione
A letter from Carlos Garulo, Central delefate for social communication. | 11 October 1996, published in Agenczia Internazionale Salesiana di Informazione | 3 pages
Salesiani: Mediazioni tenaci per la pace Translation: Selesians: Tenacious mediations for peace | 11 October 1996, published by Agenczia Internazionale Salesiana di Informazione
Timor Est, una isola lontana da oggi più vicina Translation: East Timor, a distant island from today is closer | 11 October 1996, published by Agenczia Internazionale Salesiana di Informazione
il Resegone (Italian Newspaper) Article entitled, « Una suora lecchese al fianco del Nobel » Translation : A nun from Lecco alongside the Nobel Prize | 18 October 1996, three pages
Historic Dili Meeting: Soeharto and the bishop
By: Louise Williams and Helen Pitt, October 16, 1996
This document summarizes a meeting between Bishop Belo and President Suharto, where the inauguration of a statue of Christ took place outside of Dili. There have been various reactions to this inauguration. During this meeting, Suharto failed to congratulate Bishop Belo on winning a Nobel Peace Prize. | 2 pages
Indonesia Fickle On Nobel Wins
By: Robert H. Reid, October 25, 1996
Indonesia supports Bishop Belo in his reconciliation efforts, but condemn Ramos-Horta’s actions as a resistance leader. | 2 pages
Statement on Jose Ramos Horta
By: João Carrascalão, October 28, 1996
The Timorese Democratic Union (UDT) defend Ramos-Horta against the Indonesian government and media’s backlash campaign that began after the announcement that he won the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize. UDT retells actions Ramos-Horta took to aid the Timorese population, and how he played a major part in creating an alliance between the UDT and the FRETILIN, which led to the signing of the National Convergence in 1986. | 3 pages.
A flyer with the photograph of Bishop Belo in 1996
Created by Caritas in Norway, 24 November 1996
Half of the document is in Norwegian
“Prisvinner forrettet for fred” Translation: Peace price winner prays for Peace
Published in a Norwegian newspaper on December 9th, 1996 | The article is in Norwegian
The Nobel Peace Prize for 1996
The Norwegian Nobel Committee declares that Ramos-Horta and Bishop Belo are the recipients of the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize. The committee also provides information on what they have done to propel the East Timor cause and to earn this prize.
The Conflict in East Timor
A brief description of the invasion, genocide, and human rights violations that have been taking place in East Timor are disclosed. It is highlighted that due to the Church’s firm stance on the necessity of human rights and peace, the number of Catholics in East Timor have grown since the occupation. | 4 pages
"East Timor: Fr. Belo meets Pope"
By: Cindy Wooden
It is stated that Pope John Paul II met with Bishop Belo after winning the Nobel Peace Prize. Bishop Belo speaks about the Indonesian effort to improve economic development in East Timor, criticizing their approach on promoting material development rather than other developmental aspects.
"The US – Indonesia Alliance Against East Timor"
By: Matthew Jardine, January 14, 1997
David Alex, a leader of FALINTIL, is interviewed by Matthew Jardine, and American researcher and writer on human rights and international affairs. David Alex reveals information about FALINTIL, such as their numbers, their routine, and their struggles against the Indonesian soldiers. They also discuss America’s role in aiding the Indonesian military financially and through the provision of weapons. | 5 pages
"The two faces of Norway"
From: George J. Aditjondro, various dates in January 1997
This article discusses the recognition East Timor received from Oslo as a result of the Nobel Peace Prize celebrations. It also discusses the factors that have molded Norway’s reputation as a peace-making nation. However, the intentions of Statoil, Norway’s state-owned oil company, to explore the Timor Sea for oil and gas, have led individuals and organizations in both Portugal and Norway to believe that Norway’s peace-making reputation is controversial. Other information regarding Norwegian oil companies partnering with Australian companies are disclosed, further proving that Norway’s reputation is disputable. | 8 pages
Painel do Leitor, May 15th, 1998
This newspaper contains articles covering diverse topics, with one of them being about Indonesia’s struggle. The article briefly mentions Suharto’s rule and the repercussions that young Timorese and Indonesians have had to face when going against the dictatorship
A column from a Spanish Newspaper entitled, “Indonésia e Timor” May 17, 1998
An opinion column from a Spanish Newspaper entitled, “Indonésia” May 15th, 1998
Clamor por Timor
Part of Clamor por Timor
This PDF document contains textual sources and images pertaining to topics about Habibie’s government, the liberation of Xanana Gusmão, negotiations between Portugal and Indonesia pertaining to East Timor’s independence, the Conselho Nacional de Resistencia Timorense, the unification of Portuguese-speaking countries, and Brazil’s stance on the issue in East Timor.
“Timor Leste”, February 15, 1998
By: Hamilton Lafont
The article informs reader on East Timor’s colonial history. The reasons for Indonesia’s invasion of East Timor are also discussed, with the reasons being that East Timor is near Australia and because of the potential presence of oil and mineral resources.
“Timor Leste”, February 21, 1998
By: Manoel Lourenço Neto
The author, Manoel Lourenço Neto, criticizes and analyzes the article written by Hamilton Lafont. Neto states that several facts and pieces of information that Lafont used, such as the size of East Timor and the colonial history, were incorrect.
“Timor Leste”, February 7, 1998
By: Jorge Eduardo Moraes Silva
The article discusses the genocide in East Timor, highlighting a study made by the Catholic Church which said that the massacre in East Timor passes the brutality seen in World War II. Finally, the article urges Brazil to protest the genocide through boycotting Indonesian products
“Pela Liberdade do Timor Leste”, March 1998
A mandate from an unknown party defended the East Timorese population’s right to liberty in front of the Legislative Assembly. The party participated in various receptions focused on East Timor, and supported the initiatives of Clamor por Timor. The party also organized Ramos-Horta’s visit to the Legislative Assembly.
“Évora homenageia bispo timorense”, Folha turismo, June 29, 1998
By: Dario Moreira de Castro Alves
This news article in the Folha Turismo mentions that there was a ceremony held for Bishop Belo in the Sala de Atos at the University of Évora where was presented with an honorary doctorate. In attendance was José Aparecido de Oliveira, ambassador of Brazil in Lisbon from 1993 to 1995.
“Indonésia deve retirar tropas”
This small section in the Folha Turismo mentions the Indonesian invasion of East Timor, as well as informing readers that the Indonesian president, Jusuf Habibie, has decided to gradually remove some troops from East Timor. | 2 pages
“Militares indonésios elaboraram plano para exterminar timorenses” Tribuna, February 2, 1998
By: Lúcia Cassalto
Abilio Osorio Soares, a governor for Suharto, has written a plan to win against the guerillas and the clandestine resistance in East Timor. The plan consists of arranging jobs for young adults; the distribution of young adults across Indonesia with no way back to East Timor; exterminating guerillas living in the forests and members of FRETILIN; the killing of anyone who is not in favor of integration with Indonesia.
“O processo de ocupação em Timor Leste”
The ideologies of UDT, FRETILIN, and APODETI are discussed, where the main objective of both UDT and FRETILIN is the independence of East Timor while APODETI supports the integration of Indonesia. The Indonesian invasion of East Timor is also analyzed and briefly discussed.
“62 mortos, 14 desaparecidos”, April 16, 1999
By: Joaquim T. de Negreiros
The number of deaths (62) and the number of people who have disappeared (14) after the Liquiçá massacre is disclosed. The Portuguese government has solicited that there be an international investigation for this massacre. The militia who are pro-integration are manifesting more frequently, resulting in increased violent acts. The militias are targeting civil servants who are in favor of East Timor’s independence, as well as leaders of pro-independence groups and family of Timorese immigrants who are in favor of independence.
“Politica para Timor Leste deve mudar”, Folha de S.Paulo, May 26, 1998
By: Marcio Aith
This news article discusses the Indonesian government’s decision to release a set amount of political prisoners. The release of Xanana Gusmão is being discussed, but it has not been confirmed. Jusuf Habibie’s government will also be reviewing their policies regarding East Timor, however the exact details pertaining to the changing of policies is not mentioned. | 2 pages
“Estudantes protestam em Timor Leste”, June 18, 1998
Thousands of Timorese students protested in front of the government building against the murder of one of their fellow peers, Hernán das Dores Soares, by an Indonesian soldier. They urge that human rights investigators from the United Nations come to East Timor. Additionally, in Jakarta, Timorese students gather in front of the Ministry of Justice building to push for a referendum in East Timor and for all political prisoners to be released from prison. They managed to give a written note with the requests to somebody who works for the ministry before dispersing.
“Indonésia pode dar status especial ao Timor”, June 10, 1998
President Habibie has stated that he has agreed to grant amnesty to ten Timorese political prisoners, not including Xanana Gusmão. It is stated that Gusmão would only be released once the United Nations and Portugal have recognized East Timor as a part of Indonesia. Habibie has also declared that he was ready to offer East Timor a “special status.” Despite this offer being one of Indonesia’s first attempts of reconciliation, Ramos-Horta has said that this status is not the proposition that pro-independence groups are looking for, and that he rejects the offer. | 2 pages
“Indonésia deve tirar tropas de Timor Leste”, June 25, 1998
Indonesia will begin to remove troops from East Timor and will begin to grant more liberty to its population. A discussion about allowing there to be a Timorese vote to decide if East Timor would become independent was made during a meeting between Bishop Belo and Jusuf Habibie.
“Soldados indonésios matam manifestante em Timor Leste” Folha São Paulo, June 30, 1998
By: Marcio Aith
One dead, named Orlando Marcelino da Costa, and five injured after Indonesian soldiers opened fire on a group protesting for independence. The shooting happened moments after the arrival of European ambassadors in Baucau.
“Indonésia retira 400 soldados de Timor”, July 29, 1998
By: Stephen Vines
Indonesia has removed 400 soldiers from East Timor, including two companies of the Special Forces Command. However, it was promised to the East Timor population that 1000 soldiers would leave, not 400 soldiers. The article discusses the good and bad aspects of the Indonesian occupation of East Timor.
“Sem Jacarta, região terá desafio econômico”
This section of the newspaper discusses the limited economic development that occurred during the Portuguese colonization of East Timor. Meanwhile, during the Indonesian occupation, the Indonesians have contributed to physical development but did not pay attention to human rights development. Once Indonesia leaves East Timor, the Timorese will be responsible to sustain themselves economically. Various crops and natural resources will be depended on for their profit, and external help will be needed to sustain the economy. | 2 pages.
“Entrevista com Hodu Ran Kadalak”, O Português Na Australia, September 16, 1998
An interview with Hodu Ran Kadalak, who is a member of the FRETILIN Central Committee and who traveled to Sydney to participate in the National Conference of FRETILIN, was conducted and written in this news article. Kadalak states that the Timorese people are grateful for Suharto’s resignation. He also discusses the following topics: the reason for his visit in Sydney; the unification of all Timorese; the regime that will be implemented in East Timor once Indonesia has left; the pressure to achieve Xanana Gusmão’s liberation; the calm state in East Timor that is a result of the resignation of Suharto and the negotiations taking place; the characteristics of the Habibie government. Kadalak then goes on to state that the Australian population and the Australian government should provide a more concrete stance on the issue of East Timor.
“Estrutura da resistência apresentada no território”, September 16, 1998
Members of the Conselho Nacional da Resistencia Timorense (CNRT) were presented in Dili, which included names of members of the APODETI, FRETILIN, FALINTIL, UDT, and others. Xanana Gusmão, the president of the CNRT, made it known that the objective of this group is the political reconciliation of the Timorese people.
“Ximenes Belo é um Santo! – afirmou o novo chefe de Estado da Indonésia”
An interview with Habibie discusses Bishop Belo, granting East Timor independence, and other topics.
“UDT em reunião geral “à porta aberta” em Dili”
Around 200 people participated in a UDT meeting that would discuss national unification and how the future discussions of the Timorese population would come about. During the meeting, representatives of many groups and organizations were in attendance, as well as elected members of the Comissão Política do Conselho Nacional da Resistencia Timorense | 3 pages.
“Indonésia admite sair de Timor Leste”
The Jakarta government intends to grant East Timor local political freedom. However, if this proposition is not accepted by the Timorese population, the Indonesian chancellor, Ali Alatas, proposes full independence but only after the general elections of June 7th are concluded. It is also made known that Xanana Gusmão will be transferred from prison to house arrest. Lastly, researchers believe that if East Timor achieves full independence, they will have a difficult time prospering economically.
“Lá, como cá, fala-se português”
By: Pasquale Cipro Neto
Neto is stating that Brazilians should unify themselves with the community of Portuguese-speaking countries.
“Militares aprovam independência de Timor”, January 29, 1999
The commandant of the Indonesian army, general Wiranto, stated that the military would abide by the Indonesian government’s decision to grant East Timor’s independence if they decide to
“Líder timorense pede luta armada”
Gusmão orders that guerrillas who are pro-independence take up arms against those that are in favor of merging with Indonesia. A delegation of the United Nations visited East Timor in March to determine the possibility of a referendum. The Indonesian government has made it known that even if the Timorese population rejects the idea of autonomy, the Indonesian government would still be willing to grant them independence.
“Rebelde quer tropa da ONU em Timor Leste”, April 7, 1999
Gusmão asks that reinforcements from the United Nations be brought to East Timor to manage the rise in violence. Indonesian troops have killed 40 civilians in a Church, and the militia killed 17 people in Liquiçá a few days back.
“Brinde na Paulista, à queda de um ditador”, May 30, 1998
A group of activists in São Paulo celebrated the resignation of Suharto.
“Campanha pela internet pede a libertação de Timor Leste” May 11, 1998
By: Jomeri Pontes
This news article discusses the campaign for East Timor independence that is circulating online, as well as highlighting other online sources that would inform the public on what is happening in East Timor. Most of the article describes the human rights violations and other atrocities that have been committed by Indonesia. To aid in East Timor’s liberation, the article recommends boycotting products made in Indonesia.
“Atos públicos pedem liberdade para o Timor Leste”, October 1998
Protests are held in Brazil for the liberation of Gusmão and to cease the human rights violations in East Timor. The magnitude of the genocide in East Timor is highlighted through a chart displaying the number of human lives lost due to war, with East Timor coming out on top. It is discussed that East Timor is connected to the community of Portuguese-speaking countries. Lastly, with the Habibie administration in place, negotiations towards East Timor’s independence are more probable, therefore Kofi Annan, General Secretary of the United Nations, has been setting up meetings between Portugal and Indonesia to discuss the future of East Timor
Poem by Xanana Gusmão
Date: November, 20, 1992
In this poem, Gusmão expresses the qualities seen in the Timorese people that empower their fight.
“FHC se diz solidário as vitimas de Timor” Folha de São Paulo, June 29, 1998
President Fernando Henrique Cardoso declared that he stands in solidarity with the Timorese population. José Aparecido de Oliveira is mentioned in the article, with his humanistic qualities being highlighted.
“Timor chora morte de jovem”
Timorese students held a protest for a 21 year-old Timorese who was killed by an Indonesian soldier. He was later buried in the Santa Cruz cemetery. The Indonesian soldier, Sergeant Slamet, would be tried and if found guilty would get a sentence of 15 years in prison.
“Renúncia de Suharto beneficia Timor Leste”
After the resignation of Suharto, there has been more freedom to protest in East Timor. Meanwhile, in Jakarta, protestors demand for the annexation of East Timor.
The text below the image of men wearing mainly white and facing a burning vehicle states that the resignation of Suharto was due to the manifestations of Timorese students. It also states that 500 people have died as a result of conflict with the police, but it does not mention when or for how long this conflict took place. | 2 pages
“D. Ximenes Belo participa do mutirão de comunicação no Brasil”
Belo attends the Mutirão Brasileiro de Comunicação in Belo Horizonte, that goes on from July 19 to 24. This event serves to reunite individuals who are striving to build societies that are just, equal, and participative.
“Brasil defende autonomia para Timor Leste” Folha de São Paulo, August 23, 1998
By: Renata Giraldi
Brazil supports the discussions of autonomy for East Timor, as well as the liberation of political prisoners and the removal of Indonesian troops from East Timor. Ambassador Ivan Cannabrava traveled to Portugal and Indonesia to meet with individuals who are for and against East Timor’s autonomy, including Bishop Belo and Ramos-Horta as well as other individuals that come from different backgrounds. The small section to the left of the article displays information on the situation of East Timor, the genocide, pro-independence groups, and information on Portugal and Indonesia.
“Embaixador brasileiro se reúne com líder de Timor”, August 27, 1998
The Brazilian ambassador in Indonesia, Jadiel Ferreira Oliveira, has met with Xanana Gusmão. A Brazilian delegation should be visiting in the near future.
“Timor Leste será tema em Portugal”, April 13, 1999
Rising rates of violence jeopardize talks of a referendum as well as the entire negotiation process that Indonesia has undergone since the resignation of Suharto. Xanana Gusmão has called for the people to protest against these conflicts, and has accused the Indonesian government to have deliberately compromised the peaceful negotiations by promoting violence. Ramos-Horta and Bishop Belo have expressed their hopes that Brazil would convey their support of East Timor’s independence more firmly. Despite not having yet reached independence for East Timor, Gusmão has acquired a place for East Timor in the CPLP (English translation: community of Portuguese-speaking countries).
“Crise indonésia leva separatistas a aliança”, Folha Mundo, May 1, 1998
By: Otávio Dias
Ramos-Horta has declared the creation of an organisation that would reunite all Timorese groups that are in favor of autonomy. Gusmão would become the president of the organisation, while Ramos-Horta and another unknown individual would be the vice-presidents. The article goes on by providing information on what the new organisation, called Conselho Nacional de Resistencia Timorense, exactly does; which groups form this new organisation; the strategy Ramos-Horta uses to further the East Timor cause; the implications and benefits of having guerrillas be part of the organisation; what the organisation’s plans are.
“Portugal criou instabilidade”
Indonesia blames Portugal for the political instability in East Timor. Indonesia believes that if they did not occupy East Timor, there would have been a civil war as a result of the unstable climate Portugal suddenly left behind.
“Repressão cresce no país”
By: Richard Lloyd Parry
This article mentions the detainment of several Timorese students, with one student named Pius Lustrilanang describing the different torture methods he had to endure. Human rights groups believe that he and the other students were held by the BIA (intelligence organization of the government). | 2 pages
“Ocidente ignora casos análogos a Kosovo” September 8th, 1998
Despite the fact that the United Nations condemned Indonesia’s invasion of East Timor, Indonesia did not receive any repercussions from the UN or from Western countries. A chart included in the article portrays three countries (one of them being East Timor) that have gone through conflict while attempting to separate themselves from their colonizers.
“Habibie liberta presos e confirma eleições”, May 26, 1998, Folha São Paulo
By: Pepe Escobar
Habibie’s government has reformed electoral laws, ceased the restrictions on the formation of political parties, changed the 1945 Constitution, promised elections would take place in the near future, and liberated two political prisoners. The rest of the article describes Indonesia’s deteriorating economy and how they plan to recuperate it. | 2 pages
Jacarta concorda em fazer plebiscito em Timor Leste, March 12, 1999, Folha São Paulo
The Indonesian and Portuguese government have agreed to have a referendum take place in East Timor. Still, Indonesia offers a plan of autonomy to East Timor in case they prefer it to independence. Furthermore, conflicts between Timorese who are for independence and those against have risen, with the pro-independence groups accusing Indonesia of arming those who are in favor of integration.
Clamor por Timor
Part of Clamor por Timor
This PDF document contains textual sources and images pertaining to topics on the Indonesian ambassador, the Nobel Peace Prize, Ramos-Horta, Bishop Belo, and Xanana Gusmão. The Brazilian effort to aid East Timor was brought up in various articles and papers, with reference to the Brazilian Worker’s Party and the Catholic Church of Brazil.
“Prêmio Nobel da Paz”, October 26 – November 1, 1996
Written by: Frei João Xerri and Lélia Azevedo
The writers were asked by the Resistance and by Ramos-Horta to gather signatures to support D. Belo in winning the Nobel Prize. Support from Brazilian citizens, as well as large public figures such as Lula and those in the Brazilian Worker’s Political Party (PT) and European countries is shown. The article continues their discussion on the Nobel Peace Prize by stating that the prize represents the effort in resisting and the faith in a better future that all Timorese personify. The prize is also for all those who helped support and further the cause. The article mentions the importance of establishing a Foreign Representative Office in Brasilia, Brazil. An act of resistance by four women who are part of the Sementes de Esperança, Arados de Timor Leste resistance group from England is retold, where the women invaded an airplane industry called British Aerospace and damaged a military aircraft that had been sold to Indonesia.
“Escândalo na RFFSA”
In October, position of trust transportation (train) workers had a salary increase of 50 percent while the rest of the employees’ salaries were raised only 10 percent. This news article questions the legitimacy of the 50 percent salary increase of the employees of trust, as the Rede Ferroviária Federal (RFFSA) has been in financial deficit, overseeing severance packages that aim to discharge 20 thousand employees.
The Perseus Abraham Foundation was presented on October 19th to promote events and activities for the benefit of the Brazilian Worker’s Political Party (PT).
PT coordinated a group that would organize militancy in order to promote the campaigns of Luiza Erundina in Sao Paulo and Telma de Souza in Santos.
‘Um PT que não se conforma”
This article criticizes those who do not vote or who cast a protest vote. | 2 pages
Sábado, 30 de novembro de 1996 Opinião
João Xerri’s idea of having the Indonesian ambassador extend an invite to the Brazilian delegation to visit East Timor is supported by the Teotônio Vilela Commission for Human Rights.
“Restabelecendo a Verdade”, November 28, 1996, Folha São Paulo
Written by: João Xerri
This Brazilian article gives attention to the publicized article from the Indonesian ambassador, Adian Silalahi, which has stated that the integration of East Timor into Indonesia has provided the Timorese population with great benefits. However, this Brazilian article denies these claims, asserting that the relationship between East Timor and Indonesia is quite the opposite by criticizing, questioning, and stating facts that highlight the actual situation in East Timor.
“Por que culpa a Indonesia?” November 25, 1996, Folha São Paulo
Written by: Adian Silalahi
In this article, Adian Silalahi, the Indonesian ambassador, denies the allegations made towards Indonesia by stating that the accusers and accusations have not understood the complexity and history of Indonesia’s politics and its relationship with East Timor. The article points out the benefits East Timor has managed to gain through Indonesia’s rule, such as a growing economy, better infrastructure, developed agriculture methods, an increase in churches, schools and hospitals. Adian Silalahi ends the article by requesting that exiled Timorese halt their campaigns against Indonesia as it only interferes with the development and peace promoted by Indonesia for East Timor.
Júpiter não dorme, Folha de São Paulo, November 9th, 1996
Written by: Pedro Ribeiro de Menezes
This article revolves around the 1996 Nobel Prize, which allowed the situation in East Timor to receive international recognition.
Situação de Timor Leste no Início de 1997
By: Clamor por Timor
In the last years, the situation in East Timor has received an increased amount of international attention as a result of the Nobel Prize being given to Bishop Belo and Professor Ramos-Horta. This paper discusses the articles written by Matthew Jardine, who writes about his trip to East Timor. Jardine discusses his article from 1997 where he interviewed David Alex, a leader of FALINTIL. During the interview, Alex declared that the Timorese resistance would continue to push for Timorese freedom, as well as force countries who support Indonesia through weapons and funding to abide by the international law and respect the right to self-determination of the Timorese population.
A second article of his published in the Washington Post on 1997 has Jardine comparing his experience visiting East Timor in 1992 with his visit in 1995. He discloses that in his second visit, he found that the Timorese population were less afraid and less submissive than in his first visit five years before. He makes it known that their different disposition could be attributed to increased information and communication. Despite the differences seen in the span of five years, he recognizes that the population of East Timor are still far from free.
Increased international recognition has forced Indonesia to become more discreet when handling rebels and activists. Indonesia keeps order through the military force and an administrative body, while a clandestine resistance with connections to the FALINTIL and to exterior diplomatic resistance hold up the fight in East Timor.
An incident involving the attack of armed individuals by Timorese young adults was retold. The incident took place on December 24, 1996, during a reunion that welcomed back Bishop Belo into Dili. Later he states that every week he receives information by AEPPOLTI on deaths and imprisonments that have occurred in East Timor. | 3 pages
Timor Leste Ganha o Prêmio Nobel da Paz
By: Clamor por Timor
This paper is a replica of the article titled “Prêmio Nobel da Paz” that was written by Frei João Xerri and Lélia Azevedo. | 2 pages
“Nobel da Paz, Prêmio Profético”
This article recounts the giving of the Nobel Prize to the selected Timorese individuals, and how it is the first time a Bishop and someone who speaks Portuguese has won the prize. On his most recent visit, Ramos-Horta said that Brazil would only become a First World country once they stand in solidarity with East Timor and African countries. | 2 pages
Provincia Frei Bartolomeu de Las Casas
Date: February 15, 2000
Frei João Xerri will travel to East Timor as a representative of the Conferência dos Religiosos do Brasil (Conference of the Religious of Brazil). Priest José Emanne Pinheiro, who is a representative of the Conferência Nacional dos Bispos do Brasil (National Conference for the Bishops of Brazil) will also be going to visit a church
Nota da Presidência da CNBB e da Comissão Episcopal de Pastoral Sobre o Timor Leste
Date: September 22, 1999
The Catholic Bishops of Brazil recognize the situation in East Timor and urge the Brazilian government, the UN, the European Union, and other members of the international community to pressure the Indonesian government to stop their violent actions towards the Timorese population. They also urge that all military aid and selling of arms to Indonesia be ceased. The Brazilian Catholic Church asks that the Brazilian government and citizens support development in East Timor through financial aid, supporting initiatives, or through work. They also suggest that all religious bodies in Brazil dedicate October 10, 1999 as a day to pray and collect donations for East Timor.
“Solta os Prisioneiros and Timor”
Collection of poems. First poem is about releasing prisoners. The second poem is about the fight against the oppression in East Timor.
Timor Leste tem Direito a Liberdade
Poster with the title: “East Timor has the right to liberty.”
“Exmo. Sr. Presidente da República”
To: President Fernando Henrique Cardoso
The document urges the Brazilian government to pressure Indonesia to remove their troops from East Timor and to also release Xanana Gusmão and all other political prisoners. Additionally, the author urges the Brazilian government to help make a referendum possible in East Timor, and to also recognize the Conselho Nacional de Resistência Timorense as a representative of East Timor.
“Timor Leste: Este País Quer Ser Livre”
This document highlights the situation occurring in East Timor, and describes the efforts Clamor por Timor has made.
Clamor por Timor
“Brasil, tão perto e tão longe de Timor”
This news article discusses the colonial history of East Timor, the genocide currently occurring, and how ignorance and neglect from the international community is deplorable.
“Na Rota das Caravelas”
This segment from the newspaper states how the Timorese people are similar to Brazilians, be it from their language and culture. The segment later states how East Timor needs international aid in order to become liberated.
“Você Pode Ajudar a Luta do Povo de Timor”
This article discusses the ways in which one could help the East Timor cause, such as by: writing to the Brazilian president; boycotting products fabricated in Indonesia; sending telegrams and letters to Xanana Gusmão; purchasing a shirt, where the proceeds will go to helping the cause; spreading the word about the situation in East Timor with family and friends. Facts, dates, and numbers about various topics revolving around the situation in East Timor, such as the number of Timorese murdered and the sentence of Xanana Gusmão is also included in this article. | 4 pages.
Clamor por Timor