Item 1975 - 1975 (1)

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UNSEC-SEC-1975-1975

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1975 (1)

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  • 1975 (Creation)

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Textual Record 42 Pages

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(1975-1991)

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  1. Letter, Permanent Representative of Indonesia Anwar Sani to United Nations Secretary General, 1975-12-22
    English
    Dili, New York
    The letter describes how on 17 December 1975, a declaration on the establishment of a Provisional Government of East Timor was signed between the four main political parties in the area. Indonesian Permanent Representative Anwar Sani requests the declaration be circulated as a document of the General Assembly under the “Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples” and “Question of Territories under Portuguese administration.” In the letter is embedded a copy of the declaration. The declaration outlines how the vacuum of authority in East Timor is due to the irresponsibility of Portugal. This vacuum of authority has been filled by the political parties of APODETI, UDT, KOTA, and TRABALHISTA. These parties on behalf of the people of East Timor declared the formation of a provisional government in East Timor to ensure the administration of law and order. This new provisional government seeks to restore normal life to the people of East Timor.
    2 Pages

  2. Fax, Jose Ramos Horta to Secretary General Kurt Waldheim, 1975-12-30
    English
    New York
    In this fax the Minister of External Relations and Information for the Republic of East Timor, Jose Ramos Horta, is requesting to accompany the United Nations representative and mission to East Timor. Jose Ramos Horta makes his request to Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim. Jose Ramos Horta reasoning for the request is the to facilitate an early contract with FRETILAN leaders.
    1 Page

  3. Letter, Permanent Representative of Portugal J.M. Galvao Teles to United Nations, 1975-12-24
    English
    New York, London
    The letter outlines how the Portuguese government will support the measures adopted during the UN Security Council’s resolution 384. The Portuguese Permanent Representative J.M. Galvao Teles, particularly highlights paragraphs 3 and 5 of the resolution. Paragraph 3 calls upon Portugal as the administrating power to co-operate fully with the United Nations to ensure the people of East Timor are allowed to freely exercise their right to self-determination. Paragraph 5 requests that the Secretary-General send a special representative to East Timor to make an assessment of the situation in East Timor and establish contact with all parties in the territory to ensure the implementation of the resolution. J.M. Galvao Teles affirms the Portuguese Government’s willingness to both provide assistance to the U.N Special Representative and cooperate with the United Nations to enable the people of Portuguese Timor to exercise their right to self-determination.
    1 Page

  4. Press Release, Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim Appoints Mr. Winspeare Guicciardi as his Special Representative in East Timor, 1975-12-29
    Press Release SG/A/176 /SC/3684
    English
    New York, Geneva
    The press release outlines how United Nations Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim, has appointed Vittorio Winspeare Guicciardi as his Special Representative for East Timor. Winspeare Guicciardi is appointed with two goals; to assess the existing situation in East Timor, and to establish contact with the parties and states involved in the territory. The goal of Winspeare Guicciardi’s mission is to ensure the implementation of Security Council resolution 384. The Governments concerned have been consulted and informed the Secretary-General they will make every effort to facilitate the mission of Winspeare Guicciardi.
    1 Page

  5. TELEX, Report of Conflict between FRETILIN and Indonesian Government in East Timor, 1975-12-23
    UNSYD AA25777
    English
    New York, Sydney, Dili, Baucau, Geneva,
    This telex communication outlines how the conflict in East Timor has intensified. Despite the United Nations Security Council decisions condemning Indonesian aggression in East Timor, Indonesian forces have intensified attacks against FRETILIN in East Timor. Indonesian forces have attacked and bombarded Dili and Bacau, however both territories are still controlled by FRETILIN. For the democratic government of East Timor, it seems that all legal means to force the Indonesian invaders to withdraw are now over.
    3 Pages

  6. Minutes from Security Council, Andrew Peacock statement to United Nations Security Council 1975-12-23
    English
    New York
    These minutes outline how the Australian Foreign Minister, Andrew Peacock, supports the United Nations Security Council approval of the compromise resolution on Portuguese Timor. Mr. Peacock identified the main features of the resolution as being the: respect for territorial integrity of the territory, the right of its people to self-determination, the call on Indonesia to withdraw forces, the call on Portugal to co-operate with the United Nations, and the request for the Secretary-General to send a special representative to East Timor. Mr. Peacock hoped that this special representative could foster co-operation between the political parties in Portuguese Timor and between the Portuguese and Indonesian authorities. Furthermore, Mr. Peacock hoped that special representative could leave for East Timor as soon as possible so that the Security Council could undertake further action based on first-hand reporting.
    2 Pages

  7. Draft Resolution, Kurt Waldheim, 1975-12-22
    Resolution 384 (1975) Adopted by the Security Council at its 1869th meeting.
    English
    New York
    The draft resolution focuses on ensuring the right of the people of East Timor to self-determination in accordance with the Declaration on the Granting of Independence included in the General Assembly’s resolution 1514. The Security Council deplores the intervention of Indonesian armed forces in East Timor and the loss of life is has created. The resolution contains seven steps of future action to avoid further bloodshed and ensure East Timor is granted their inalienable right for self-determination. These steps call upon all states to respect the territorial integrity of East Timor and for Indonesia to withdraw all its forces from the territory. The resolution includes a request that the Secretary-General send a special representative to East Timor to make an on-the-spot assessment of the existing situation and make recommendations to the Security Council that will ensure the implementation of the United Nations Security Council resolutions for East Timor.
    2 Pages

  8. Memorandum, Permanent Representative of Portugal to the United Nations
    English
    New York, Atauro, Atambua, Kupang, Batugade, Deatapupu, Jakarta
    This Memorandum outlines how when the Portuguese administration of Timor was transferred to the Island of Atauro, Portuguese soldiers were taken as prisoners by the Indonesian and UDT forces. A group of 19 Portuguese soldiers were taken prisoner by UDT and detained near the town of Batugade on August 27. On September 3, a group of 5 Portuguese soldiers who were supposed to be repatriated by airplane were instead taken to Kupang then transferred and detained in Batugade. Indonesia claims the Portuguese were imprisoned solely because of the actions of UDT. This assertion was tested by a testimony by International Red Cross regional representative Dr. Testuz. Dr. Testuz claimed he found Portuguese prisoners in Indonesian territory and led them to the village of Deatapupu where he left the prisoners under the protection of local Indonesian police. The knowledge of Dr. Testuz’ report cause the Indonesian government to send a note requesting a prompt repatriation of the Portuguese soldiers. The Indonesian Government is therefore involved in the situation not only because they openly support the actions of UDT but because the Portuguese soldiers detained were under the custody of Indonesian police authorities in Indonesian territory.
    4 Pages

  9. Telegram, Messrs. De Araujo and Francisco Xavier Lopes da Cruz to Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim, 1975-12-18
    English
    New York, Dili, Baucan
    This collection of telegrams was created to illustrate the situation in East Timor. The first telegram by Messrs. De Araujo and Lopes da Cruz to President Suharto outlines how the provisional government of Eastern Timor create peaceful conditions and smooth administration in the territory since December 17, 1975. In order to ensure peaceful conditions, the government requests military, social and economic assistance from the Indonesian government. In the second telegram the Prime Minister of East Timor Nicolay Reis Lobato outlines the heavy fighting in East Timor since the Indonesian invasion of the country. Lobato mentions how Dili is burned out by cannon fire. The telegram ends with an appeal by the Government of East Timor to all the peace-loving countries to protect against Javanese expansion in the country.
    The document is quite blurry rendering some of the words unclear.
    4 Pages

  10. Letter, Permanent Representative of Guinea-Bissauto the United Nations Gil Fernandes to President of the Security Council, 1975-12-12
    S/11911
    English
    New York
    The letter is a request by the Permanent Representative of Guinea-Bissau to the United Nations, Gil Fernandes, to extend an invitation for two people to speak to the Security Council. The two people Fernandes wants to speak are Ministers from the Democratic Republic of East Timor: Mr. Jose Ramos Horta, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Information and Mr. Abilio Araujo, Minister of State for Economic Affairs. Gil Fernandes thinks these two individuals will supply the Council with valuable information relating to the question of the conflict in East Timor.
    1 Page

  11. Letter, Deputy Permanent Representative of Indonesia to the United Nations August Marpaung to President of the Security Council, 1975-12-15
    S/11912
    English
    New York
    In this letter Deputy Permanent Representative of Indonesia, August Marpaung, requests that the Security Council extend an invitation to three persons to address the Council on the issue of the situation in Timor. These three individuals are: Mr. Guilhermo Maria Goncalves member of the Presidiu of APODETI, Dr. Mario Carrascalao member of the Central Committee of UDT, and Mr. Jose Martins President of Kota. August Marpaung thinks these three people will supply the members of the Security Council with information concerning conditions in Timor.
    1 Page

  12. Cable, President of the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome Principe Manuel Pinto da Costa to Secretary-General United Nations Kurt Waldheim, 1975-12-12
    A/C.4/L.1131
    English (translated from Portuguese)
    New York
    In this cable Manuel Pinto da Costa, the President of the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome Principe, deplores the invasion of East Timor and the occupation of the Territory by Indonesian forces. Manuel Pinto da Costa states the Government and people of Sao Tome and Principe protest the occupation against a people struggling for national liberation. Manuel Pinto da Costa calls the pretenses for the re-establishment of order a false allegation that does not hide the intensions of imperialist expression of the Indonesian Government. Pinto da Costa states that if the UN remains inactive in the face of this barbarous aggression there will be no restraint against the use of force by more powerful countries against other States. He finishes off the letter by stating the action of Indonesia is a violation of the fundamental principles of the UN.
    2 Pages

  13. Note, Rafeeuddin Ahmed to the Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim, 1975-12-11
    English
    New York
    This note written by Rafeeuddin Ahmed for the Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim, outlines the activity of the Fourth Committee of the General Assembly. The Permanent Representative of Portugal, Galvao-Teles, telephoned Ahmed to inform him that the item related to adopting a draft resolution for East Timor was considered favorable to Portugal’s position. Galvao-Teles said he contacted the President of the Security Council to ensure this matter would be quickly introduced in the Security Council.
    1 Page

  14. Record of the General Assembly Fourth Committee Meeting, 1975-12-11
    Meeting No. 2188 & 2189 of the General Assembly
    English
    New York
    This document is a record of the United Nations General Assembly votes on the Draft Resolution for East Timor. The draft resolution was adopted by a roll-call vote of 69 to 11 with 38 abstentions.
    1 Page

  15. Draft Resolution on East Timor Motioned by Guyana. Sierra Leone and Trinidad and Tobago, 1975-12-9
    A/C.4/L.1131
    English
    New York
    This draft resolution calls upon on all states to respect the rights of the people of Portuguese Timor to self-determination in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations. The resolution strongly deplores the military intervention of Indonesia in Portuguese Timor and calls for the Government of Indonesia to withdraw their forces without delay. The resolution calls on the Security Council to take urgent action to protect the territorial integrity of Portuguese Timor in conformity with Article 11, Paragraph 3 of the United Nations Charter. The resolution ends with the request to the Special Committee on the Situation in Portuguese Timor to send a fact-finding mission to the territory as soon as possible in consultation with the political parties in Portuguese Timor and the Government of Portugal.
    3 Pages

  16. Interoffice Memorandum, Under-Secretary General for Political Affairs and Decolonization Tang Ming-chao to Executive Assistant to the Secretary-General R. Ahmed, 1975-12-11
    English
    New York
    This brief note outlines Tang Ming-Chao’s position on the cable from President of APODETI. Tang Ming-chao does not think any action on the matter is necessary until the situation has been further clarified.
    1 Page

  17. Telegram, President of APODETI Arnaldo dos Reis Araujo to Secretary-General of the United Nations Kurt Waldheim, 1975-12-7
    English translated from Portuguese.
    New York, Dili,
    In this telegram Arnaldo dos Reis Araujo declares that from 7 December 1975, the former Portuguese colony in Timor has been jointly occupied by APODETI/UDT/KOTA/TRABALHISTA. Arnaldo dos Reis Araujo requests that the Secretary-General inform the Governments of all nations of ADOPETI’s desire to integrate with Indonesia. Arnaldo Reis Araujo then accuses FRETILIN of using guns to prevent people from freely expressing themselves.
    1 Page

  18. Interoffice Memorandum, Under-Secretary General for Political Affairs and Decolonization Tang Ming-Chao to Secretary-General of the United Nations Kurt Waldheim, 1975-12-10
    English
    New York
    In this interoffice memorandum Tang Ming-Chao advises Kurt Waldheim on what to do in regard to Waldheim meeting the Timor political parties. APODETI, UDT, KOTA and TRABALHISTA requested to meet with Waldheim. A delegation from FRETILIN was also planning on coming to New York. Tang Ming-Chao suggests Waldheim wait for the arrival of both delegations before deciding whether to receive them.
    1 Page

  19. Telegram, Guilherme Maria Goncalves, Mario Viegas Carrascalao, and Jose Martins to Secretary-General of the United Nations Kurt Waldheim, 1975-12-10
    English
    New York, Jakarta
    This telegram is written by representatives of four East Timor political parties (APODETI, UDT, KOTA and TRABALHISTA) outline how they are arriving in New York and wish to meet with Secretary-General of the United Nations Kurt Waldheim.
    1 Page

  20. Interoffice Memorandum, Under-Secretary-General for Political and Security Council Affairs A.N Shevchenko to Secretary-General of United Nations Kurt Waldheim, 1975-12-9
    English
    New York
    This interoffice memorandum is a preface to a paper outlining the development of the East Timor crisis. Shevchenko then reminds Waldheim that consultations will take place the afternoon of December 9 concerning the Portuguese request for Security Council consideration of the reported Indonesian military involvement.
    1 Page

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